2000 Romanian general election

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2000 Romanian presidential election

← 1996 26 November 2000 (first round)
10 December 2000 (second round)
2004 →
Turnout65.3% (first round)
57.5% (second round)
  Ion Iliescu (2004).jpg Corneliu Vadim Tudor - Declaratii la BEC.png
Nominee Ion Iliescu Corneliu Vadim Tudor
Party PDSR PRM
Popular vote 6,696,623 3,324,247
Percentage 66.83% 33.17%

President before election

Emil Constantinescu
CDR

Elected President

Ion Iliescu
PDSR

General elections were held in Romania on 26 November 2000, with a second round of the presidential election on 10 December.[1] Former president Ion Iliescu of the Social Democracy Party of Romania (PDSR) was re-elected in the run-off, whilst the PDSR, as part of the Social Democratic Pole of Romania, emerged as the largest party in Parliament, winning 155 of the 345 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 65 of the 140 seats in the Senate.

Presidential candidates[edit]

Name Lifespan Public Administration Experience Affiliation and endorsements Alma mater and profession Candidacy
Announcement dates
Ion Iliescu (2004).jpg
Ion Iliescu
Born: March 3, 1930
(age 70)
Oltenița, Călărași County
Senator (1996-election day)
President of Romania (1989-1996)
President of Water Surfaces Management Council (1979-1984)
Member of the State Council (full member: 1979-1980, observative: 1974-1979)
President of Iași County Council (1974-1979)
Vice-President of Timiș County Council (1971-1974)
Minister of Youth (1967-1971)
Deputy (1957-1961, 1965-1973, 1975-1985)
Former presidential elections:
1996: 32.3% (1st place, 1st round), 45.6% (2nd place, 2nd round)
1992: 47.2% (1st place, 1st round), 61.4% (winner, 2nd round)
1990: 85.1% (winner)
Affiliation: PDSR
Aliance members: PDSR, PSDR and PUR
Energy Institute, Moscow State University (1954)

fluid mechanics engineer,
publishing house manager
Corneliu Vadim Tudor - Declaratii la BEC.png
Corneliu Vadim Tudor
Born: November 28, 1949
(age 51)
Bucharest
Died: September 14, 2015, Bucharest
Senator (1992-election day)

Former presidential election:
1996: 4.7% (5th place, 1st round)
Affiliation: PRM Faculty of Philosophy, University of Bucharest (1971)

journalist, writer
Conventia PD-L 2013 - Theodor Stolojan (2).jpg
Theodor Stolojan
Born: October 24, 1943
(age 57)
Târgoviște, Dâmbovița County
Prime Minister of Romania (1991-1992)
Minister of Finances (1990-1991)
Deputy Minister of Finances (1989-1990)
Director of Department of International Relations and Financial Relations with the Ministry of Finances and General Inspector of the Department of State Revenues (1988-1989)
Director of the State Budget Accounting Department with the Ministry of Finances (1978-1982)
Affiliation: PNL Faculty of Finances and Accontancy, Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies (1966)

financier, accountant
Mugur Isărescu.jpg
Mugur Isărescu
Born: August 1, 1949
(age 51)
Drăgășani, Vâlcea County
Prime Minister of Romania (1999-election day)
Governor of the National Bank of Romania (1990-1999)
Commercial Attache with the Romanian Embassy in USA (1990)
Affiliation: none
Endorsed by: CDR 2000
Faculty of Foreign Trade, Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies (1971)

financier, banker
Frunda György.JPG
György Frunda
Born: July 22, 1951
(age 49)
Târgu Mureș, Mureș County
Senator (1992-election day)

Former presidential election:
1996: 6.0% (4th place, 1st round)
Affiliation: UDMR Faculty of Law, Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca (1974)

lawyer
Petre Roman.jpg
Petre Roman
Born: July 22, 1946
(age 54)
Bucharest
Minister of Foreign Affairs (1999-election day)
Senator (1996-election day)
President of the Senate of Romania (1996–1999)
Deputy (1990-1996)
Prime Minister of Romania (1989-1991)

Former presidential election:
1996: 20.5% (3rd place, 1st round)
Affiliation: PD Faculty of Energy, Politehnica University of Bucharest (1968)

hydroelectric powerplant engineer
Teodor Meleșcanu in 2017.jpg
Teodor Meleșcanu
Born: March 10, 1941
(age 59)
Brad, Hunedoara County
Senator (1996-election day)
Minister of Foreign Affairs (1992-1996)
Undesecretary of State with the Minister of Foreign Affairs (1990-1992)
Affiliation: ApR Faculty of Law, University of Bucharest, (1964)
Faculty of Economic and Social Sciences, University of Geneva (1968)

diplomat
Gray - replace this image male.svg
Eduard Manole
Born: March 21, 1964
(age 36)
Constanța, Constanța County
Affiliation: none Faculty of Physics, University of Bucharest (unknown year)

physicist
Gray - replace this image female.svg
Graziela Bârlă
unknown birthdate
unknown birthplace
Affiliation: none Faculty of Law, University of Bucharest (1968)

lawyer
Printul Paul al Romaniei.jpg
Paul Lambrino
Born: August 13, 1948
(age 52)
Paris, France
Affiliation: Party of National Reconciliation Millfield College (1968)

art dealer
Gray - replace this image male.svg
Ion Sasu
Born: March 5, 1944
(age 56)
Cugir, Alba County
Affiliation: PSM Faculty of Philosophy, University of Bucharest (1968)

unknown
Gray - replace this image male.svg
Niculae Cerveni
Born: March 19, 1926
(age 74)
Cervenia, Teleorman County
Died: January 16, 2004, Bucharest
Senator (1996-election day)
Deputy (1992-1996)
Affiliation: Romanian Liberal Democratic Party Faculty of Law, University of Bucharest (1974)

lawyer


Results[edit]

President[edit]

Presidential election - First round
Presidential election - Second round
Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Ion Iliescu Social Democratic Pole of Romania 4,076,273 36.4 6,696,623 66.8
Corneliu Vadim Tudor Greater Romania Party 3,178,293 28.3 3,324,247 33.2
Theodor Stolojan National Liberal Party 1,321,420 11.8
Mugur Isărescu Romanian Democratic Convention 1,069,463 9.5
György Frunda Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 696,989 6.2
Petre Roman Democratic Party 334,852 3.0
Teodor Meleșcanu Alliance for Romania 241,642 1.9
Eduard Gheorghe Manole Independent 133,991 1.2
Graziela-Elena Bârlă Independent 61,455 0.5
Prince Paul of Romania Party of National Reconciliation 55,238 0.5
Ion Sasu Socialist Party of Labour 38,375 0.3
Niculae Cerveni Romanian Liberal Democratic Party 31,983 0.3
Invalid/blank votes 346,484 163,845
Total 11,559,458 100 10,184,715 100
Registered voters/turnout 17,699,727 65.3 17,711,757 57.5
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Parliament[edit]

Senate[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Social Democratic Pole of Romania 4,040,212 37.09 65 +24
Greater Romania Party 2,288,483 21.01 37 +29
Democratic Party 825,437 7.58 13
National Liberal Party 814,381 7.48 13
Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 751,310 6.90 12 +1
Romanian Democratic Convention 575,706 5.29 0 –53
Alliance for Romania 465,535 4.27 0 New
Romanian National Unity Party 154,761 1.42 0 –7
National Liberal Party–Câmpeanu 133,018 1.22 0 New
Ecologist Party of Romania 108,370 0.99 0 New
Socialist Party of Labour 96,636 0.89 0 0
Party of Pensioners of Romania 86,401 0.79 0 0
Romanian Working Party 81,756 0.75 0 0
Romanian Liberal Democratic Party 61,234 0.56 0 New
National Peasant Party 55,970 0.51 0 0
Party of Romanian Life 54,634 0.50 0 New
National Democratic Christian Party 45,252 0.42 0 0
Party of National Reconciliation 31,824 0.29 0 New
Free Republican Socialist Democratic Party 30,910 0.28 0 New
New Generation Party 27,576 0.25 0 New
Democratic Party of Pensioners in Romania and the Diaspora 24,346 0.22 0 New
Social Democratic Party "Constantin Titel Petrescu" 20,426 0.19 0 New
Generation 2000 18,998 0.17 0 New
Party of Non-Communists 18,879 0.17 0 New
Party for the Motherland 18,403 0.17 0 0
Socialist Party of Romania 12,961 0.12 0 0
Republican Party 12,094 0.11 0 0
Democratic Union of Turkish-Muslim Tatars 9,226 0.08 0 0
Liberal Union–Bratiănu 7,373 0.07 0 New
Popular Union for Justice Party 5,747 0.05 0 New
Christian Democratic Union 4,016 0.04 0 0
Party of the Romanian Revolution 2,146 0.02 0 0
Christian Centre of the Roma in Romania 2,045 0.02 0 New
Party of Private Entrepreneurs–Social Democratic Party 1,575 0.01 0 0
Hungarian Free Democrat Party in Romania 498 0.00 0 0
International League of the Romanians–Bucharest 343 0.00 0 New
Independents 3,428 0.03 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 667,548
Total 11,559,458 100 140 –3
Registered voters/turnout 17,699,727 65.31
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, University of Essex

Chamber of Deputies[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Social Democratic Pole of Romania 3,968,464 36.61 155 +64
Greater Romania Party 2,112,027 19.48 84 +65
Democratic Party 762,365 7.03 31
National Liberal Party 747,263 6.89 30
Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 736,863 6.80 27 +2
Romanian Democratic Convention 546,135 5.04 0 –122
Alliance for Romania 441,228 4.07 0 New
National Liberal Party–Câmpeanu 151,518 1.40 0 New
Romanian National Unity Party 149,525 1.38 0 –18
Ecologist Party of Romania 101,256 0.84 0 New
Socialist Party of Labour 91,027 0.71 0 0
Party of Pensioners of Romania 76,704 0.66 0 0
Party of the Roma 71,786 0.63 1 0
Romanian Working Party 68,718 0.48 0 0
Romanian Liberal Democratic Party 52,497 0.45 0 New
National Peasant Party 48,435 0.43 0 0
Party of Romanian Life 46,129 0.38 0 New
Democratic Forum of Germans 40,844 0.31 1 0
National Democratic Christian Party 33,410 0.30 0 0
Free Republican Socialist Democratic Party 32,811 0.21 0 New
Party of National Reconciliation 22,376 0.20 0 New
Union of Armenians of Romania 21,302 0.20 1 0
Italian Community of Romania 21,263 0.19 1 0
Democratic Party of Pensioners in Romania and the Diaspora 21,062 0.19 0 New
Bulgarian Union of Banat–Romania 20,085 0.18 1 +1
New Generation Party 19,662 0.16 0 New
Social Democratic Party "Constantin Titel Petrescu" 17,730 0.16 0 New
Party for the Motherland 16,991 0.15 0 0
League of Italian Communities in Romania 16,266 0.14 0 New
Hellenic Union of Romania 15,007 0.13 1 0
Party of Non-Communists 14,197 0.12 0 New
Generation 2000 13,455 0.12 0 0
Federation of the Jewish Communities in Romania 12,629 0.11 1 0
Christian Centre of the Roma in Romania 12,171 0.11 0 New
Romanian Socialist Party 11,916 0.11 0 0
Community of the Lippovan Russians in Romania 11,558 0.10 1 0
Union of Croatians of Romania 11,084 0.10 1 +1
Republican Party 10,840 0.10 0 0
League of Albanians of Romania 10,543 0.10 1 New
Democratic Union of Turkish-Muslim Tatars 10,380 0.09 1 0
Union of the Ukrainians of Romania 9,404 0.08 1 0
Association of Macedonians of Romania 8,809 0.08 1 New
Union of Serbs of Romania 8,748 0.07 1 0
Bulgarian Cultural Association of Romania 8,092 0.07 0 New
Cultural Union of Albanians of Romania 7,798 0.06 0 –1
Cultural Union of Ruthenians of Romania 6,942 0.06 1 New
Democratic Turkish Union of Romania 6,675 0.05 1 0
Bratstvo Community of Bulgarians in Romania 5,923 0.05 0 –1
Democratic Union of Ukrainians in Romania 5,843 0.05 0 0
Democratic Union of Slovaks and Czechs of Romania 5,686 0.05 1 0
Union of Poles of Romania 5,055 0.04 1 0
Turkish Community of Romania 3,953 0.03 0 New
Liberal Union–Bratiănu 3,760 0.03 0 0
Hungarian Free Democrat Party of Romania 3,510 0.03 0 0
Popular Union for Justice Party 3,506 0.03 0 New
Christian Democratic Union 3,316 0.02 0 0
Hellenic Community Iasi 2,072 0.02 0 New
Democratic Union of Croats in Romania 2,059 0.02 0 New
Prahova Hellenic Community 1,992 0.01 0 0
Party of the Romanian Revolution 1,623 0.01 0 0
Union of Poles of Romania 'Dom Polski' 1,619 0.01 0 0
Union of the Czechs of Romania 1,539 0.01 0 New
Democratic League of the Croats in Romania 1,329 0.01 0 New
General Union of the Hutul Ethnicity in Romania 1,225 0.00 0 0
International League of the Romanians–Bucharest 516 0.00 0 New
Union of Pavlicheni Bulgarians in Romania 497 0.00 0 New
Hellenic Union ELPIS Constanta 449 0.00 0 New
Party of Private Entrepreneurs–Social Democratic Party 401 0.00 0 0
Independents 137,561 1.27 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 720,034
Total 11,559,458 100 345 +2
Registered voters/turnout 17,699,727 65.31
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, University of Essex

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1591 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7