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|Territory||Romania, Northern Italy, Spain, Netherlands, Germany, United Kingdom, United States, Canada, France, Moldova, Australia, New Zealand, Ireland, India, Scotland|
|Criminal activities||Human trafficking, illegal drug trade, prostitution, murder, cigarette smuggling, forgery, car trafficking, extortion, cyber crime, arms trafficking, property crime, racketeering, RFID skimming, usury, online automotive fraud, wire fraud|
|Allies||Italian Mafia Serbian mafia Russian mafia, Satudarah, Bandidos, Nazi Lowriders, Ukrainian mafia, Sinaloa Cartel, Ndrangheta, Albanian Mafia, Greek Mafia, Gypsy gangs|
The Romanian mafia is the category of organized crime groups whose members are predominantly ethnic Romanians. They have expanded their criminal activities in the European Union, reads an Europol report on EU organized crime, being active mostly in Northern Italy and Spain as well as parts of America were they are involved in drug trafficking and fraudulent crimes as well as credit card skimming. They participate in a wide range of criminal activities ranging from prostitution and extortion to drug trade, also document forgery and property crime. A Romanian mafia gang by the name of Brigada Oaraza overtook northern Italy. Romanian crime syndicates are responsible for 75 percent of the human trafficking throughout europe [clarification needed]
Recently[when?], it was reported that some Romanians specialize in ATM skimming in Australia and New Zealand. According to the Queensland Police, the country's history partly explains this criminal specialization: "Romania was prior to the fall of the Ceaușescu dictatorship, a centre of mathematics and computer coding and those skills were exploited by Eastern Bloc organized crime groups.".
Powerful clans include:
- The Duduieni, Caran and Dan Patatu clan in Bucharest is allegedly involved in prostitution, usury, store and home robberies, as well as the illegal drug trade and illegal gambling. Dan Patatu is the founder of the illegal underground Poker Patatu Casinos. 
- The Ghenosu clan in Dâmbovița County seems to have ties with the Corduneanu clan and with that of the Cămătaru brothers and is allegedly involved in drug trade, pimping and racketeering. Ghenosu (Florin Ghinea) has been arrested for computer crime and blackmail, and is currently[when?] serving a 9-year sentence. The Cămătaru brothers are currently serving sentences too (Nuţu 6-year sentence, Sile 13-year sentence).
- The Rohozeanu clan in Arad is the most organized in western Romania, and already has under his belt a conflict with Claudiu Baderca's clan from Timișoara. In 2009, they were arrested by the authorities. Uţu Rohozneanu is currently[when?] serving an 8-year sentence. Claudiu Baderca a 7-year.
- The Vasile clan in Vrancea County specializes in illegal sales of cigarettes (contraband), usury and car trafficking. In the same county, the group led by Costică Argint specializes in racketeering operations in Romania and in Italy alike. Costică Argint has been arrested in Tivoli, Lazio in 2010.
- The Feraru clan from Buzău controlled by Feraru was the one which had a prostitution network in Spain; the leader of the group, Costel Feraru, is currently[when?] serving a 6-year sentence.
- "Southeast Europe Online". Southeasteurope.org. Retrieved 2012-11-30.
- "Romanian scammers targeting Sydney ATMs". theaustralian.com.au. 15 August 2013.
- "Why Romanians specialise in ATM skimming". smh.com.au. 15 December 2011.
- "The National gangster network by BURSA". Bursa. 2011-12-19. Retrieved 2012-11-30.
- "Ghenosu, condamnat la 9 ani de inchisoare pentru santaj si infractiuni informatice" (in Romanian). hotnews.ro. Retrieved 14 November 2011.
- "Nutu si Sile Camataru, condamnati la 6, respectiv 13 ani de inchisoare. Sentinta este definitiva" (in Romanian). Pro TV. Retrieved 11 May 2012.
- "Gruparea condusă de "Împăratul" Uţu Rohozneanu, condamnată la inchisoare" (in Romanian). actualitati-arad.ro. 12 April 2010.
- "Omologul interlop al lui Uțu Rohozneanu - condamnat la 7 ani de pușcărie" (in Romanian). vestic.ro. 20 April 2010.
- "Costica Argint, urmarit international de ani buni, arestat in Tivoli" (in Romanian). Pro TV. Retrieved 14 February 2014.