Romanian general election, 1992

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Romanian general election
Romania
← 1990 27 September 1992
11 October 1992
1996 →
  Ion Iliescu (2004).jpg Emil Constantinescu.jpg
Nominee Ion Iliescu Emil Constantinescu
Party Independent CDR
Alliance FDSN
Popular vote 7,393,429 4,641,207
Percentage 61.43% 38.57%

President before election

Ion Iliescu
FDSN

Elected President

Ion Iliescu
FDSN

Romanian presidential election 1992 - first round.svg
Romanian presidential election 1992 - second round.svg

General elections were held in Romania on 27 September 1992, with a second round of the presidential election on 11 October.[1] Ion Iliescu was re-elected President, whilst his Democratic National Salvation Front emerged as the largest party in Parliament, winning 117 of the 341 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 49 of the 143 seats in the Senate.

Results[edit]

President[edit]

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Ion Iliescu Democratic National Salvation Front 5,633,465 47.2 7,393,429 61.4
Emil Constantinescu Romanian Democratic Convention 3,717,006 31.1 4,641,207 38.6
Gheorghe Funar Romanian National Unity Party 1,294,388 10.8
Caius Traian Dragomir Independent 564,655 4.7
Mircea Druc Ecological Movement of Romania 362,866 3.0
Ioan Mânzatu Republican Party 362,485 3.0
Invalid/blank votes 597,565 119,174
Total 12,496,430 100 12,153,810 100
Registered voters/turnout 16,380,663 76.3 16,597,508 73.2
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Parliament[edit]

Senate[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Democratic National Salvation Front 3,102,201 28.29 49 New
Romanian Democratic Convention 2,210,722 20.16 34 +22
National Salvation Front 1,139,033 10.38 18 –73
Romanian National Unity Party 890,410 8.12 14
Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 831,469 7.58 12 0
Greater Romania Party 422,545 3.85 6 New
Romanian Democratic Agrarian Party 362,427 3.30 5 +5
Socialist Party of Labour 349,470 3.18 5 New
Other parties 1,603,989 14.63 0
Independents 52,462 0.48 0 –1
Invalid/blank votes 1,531,612
Total 12,496,430 100 143 +25
Registered voters/turnout 16,380,663 76.29
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, University of Essex

Chamber of Deputies[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Democratic National Salvation Front 3,015,708 27.72 117 New
Romanian Democratic Convention 2,117,144 19.46 82 +33
National Salvation Front 1,108,500 10.19 43 –220
Romanian National Unity Party 839,586 7.72 30
Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 811,290 7.46 27 –2
Greater Romania Party 424,061 3.89 16 New
Socialist Party of Labour 330,378 3.04 13 New
Romanian Democratic Agrarian Party 326,289 3.00 0 –9
National Liberal Party 286,467 2.63 0 –29
Ecological Movement of Romania 245,194 2.25 0 –12
Republican Party 178,355 1.63 0
Romanian Socialist Democratic Party 95,041 0.87 0 –5
National Democratic Solidarity 79,207 0.73 0 New
New Liberal Party 63,633 0.58 0 New
Liberal Union–Bratiănu 55,096 0.51 0 –1
Party of the Roma 52,704 0.48 1 New
Party of Social Democratic Unity 50,853 0.47 0 New
National Peasant Party 48,764 0.45 0 New
Liberal Monarchist Party of Romania 39,062 0.36 0 New
Convention of Social Solidarity 35,641 0.32 0 New
Democratic Forum of Germans 34,685 0.32 1 0
Democratic Cooperatist Party 32,789 0.30 0 New
Free Democratic Union of the Roma of Romania 31384 0.29 0 0
National Party of Free Producers from Romania 30,025 0.28 0 New
Party for the Honouring of the Heroes of the Revolution and National Salvation 26,182 0.24 0 0
Republican Party of Romanian Unity 23,662 0.22 0 New
Romanian Humanistic Party 23,220 0.21 0 New
Traditional Social Democratic Party 22,101 0.20 0 New
General Union of Roma in Romania 22,071 0.20 0 New
Christian Republican Party 18,849 0.17 0 0
Romanian Labour Party 16626 0.15 0 New
Democratic Romanian Front 15,003 0.14 0 New
Independent National Peasant Christian Democratic Party 14,963 0.14 0 New
Community of the Lippovan Russians 14,975 0.14 1 0
Romanian Renaissance and Independence Party 13,584 0.12 0 New
Free Republican Party 13,523 0.12 0 New
Movement for Romania 12,936 0.12 0 New
Party of Free Change 12,456 0.11 0 –1
Independent Social Democratic Party 11,659 0.11 0 New
Christian National Democratic Party 11,647 0.11 0 New
Party of the Gypsies of Romania 9,949 0.09 0 0
Hellenic Union of Romania 9,134 0.08 1 0
United Democratic Convention 8,972 0.08 0 New
Union of the Ukrainians of Romania 7,717 0.07 1 0
Democratic Union of Turkish-Muslim Tatars 7,699 0.07 1 0
Social Democratic Party "Titel Petrescu" 7,245 0.07 0 New
Union of Armenians of Romania 7,145 0.07 1 0
National League of Expropriated of Romania 6,956 0.06 0 New
Alliance of National Dignity 6,106 0.06 0 New
Party of the National Right 5,689 0.05 0 New
Christian Democratic Union 5,656 0.05 0 0
Democratic Union of Serbs and Carasovenians of Romania 5,328 0.05 1 0
Romanian Party for the New Society 5,305 0.05 0 0
Independent Democratic Party 5,257 0.05 0 New
Democratic Union of Slovaks and Czechs of Romania 4,708 0.04 1 0
Antitotalitarian Party 'Down the Nomenklatura' 4,698 0.04 0 New
Party Democratic Future of the Motherland 4,355 0.04 0 0
Italian Community of Romania 4,188 0.04 1 New
Democratic Party of Labour 3,931 0.04 0 –1
Forum of Democracy and National Unity of Romania 3,180 0.03 0 0
Party of Social Justice (New Democracy) of the North West of Romania 3,114 0.03 0 0
Union of Poles of Romania 3,013 0.03 1 0
Party 'Will of the People' 2,758 0.02 0 New
Party of Justice and Social Democracy of Romania 2,695 0.02 0 New
Party of Labour 2,623 0.02 0 0
Turkish Muslim Democratic Union of Romania 2,572 0.02 1 New
Party of Social Justice 2,572 0.02 0 0
Party of the Democratic Union of Moldova 2,363 0.02 0 New
National Romanian Party 2,224 0.02 0 0
Bulgarian Union of Banat–Romania 1,906 0.02 1 0
Party Movement ' Motherland's Shield' 1,744 0.02 0 New
Movement for European Integration 1,371 0.01 0 New
Humanistic Party of Peace 1,174 0.01 0 New
Romanian Popular Democratic Realist Revolutionary Party 1,144 0.01 0 New
Christian Democratic Party of the Revolution 1,081 0.01 0 New
Party of Small Owners and Free Initiative of Romania 651 0.01 0 New
Union of Croatians of Romania 219 0.00 0 New
Conservative Humanistic Party 101 0.00 0 New
Party 'Republican Tribune' 49 0.00 0 New
Independents 58,347 0.53 0 –1
Invalid/blank votes 1,616,178
Total 12,496,430 100 341 –54
Registered voters/turnout 16,380,663 76.29
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, University of Essex

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1591 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7