Romanian general election, 1996

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Romanian general election
Romania
← 1992 3 November 1996
17 November 1996
2000 →
  Emil Constantinescu.jpg Ion Iliescu (2004).jpg
Nominee Emil Constantinescu Ion Iliescu
Party CDR Independent
Alliance PDSR
Popular vote 7,057,906 5,914,579
Percentage 54.41% 45.59%

President before election

Ion Iliescu
PDSR

Elected President

Emil Constantinescu
CDR

General elections were held in Romania on 3 November 1996, with a second round of the presidential election on 17 November.[1] Whilst incumbent President Ion Iliescu of the Social Democracy Party of Romania received the most votes in the first round, he was defeated by Emil Constantinescu of the Romanian Democratic Convention in the second round. The Romanian Democratic Convention, a centre-right coalition of parties opposing the governing centre-left PDSR, emerged as the largest bloc in Parliament, winning 122 of the 343 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 53 of the 143 seats in the Senate. The elections resulted in the first peaceful transfer of power after the 1989 Romanian Revolution.

Results[edit]

President[edit]

Presidential election - First round
Presidential election - Second round
Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Emil Constantinescu Romanian Democratic Convention 3,569,941 28.2 7,057,906 54.4
Ion Iliescu Party of Social Democracy in Romania 4,081,093 32.3 5,914,579 45.6
Petre Roman Democratic Party 2,598,545 20.5
György Frunda Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 761,411 6.0
Corneliu Vadim Tudor Greater Romania Party 597,508 4.7
Gheorghe Funar Romanian National Unity Party 407,828 3.2
Tudor Mohora Socialist Party 160,387 1.3
Nicolaei Manolescu National Liberal Alliance 90,122 0.7
Adrian Păunescu Socialist Party of Labour 87,163 0.7
Ion Pop de Popa Humanist Party 59,752 0.5
George Muntean Independent 54,218 0.4
Radu Câmpeanu National Liberal Party 43,780 0.3
Nuțu Anghelina Independent 43,319 0.3
Constantin Mudava Independent 39,477 0.3
Constantin Niculescu PNA 30,045 0.2
Nicolae Militaru Independent 28,318 0.2
Invalid/blank votes 435,481 106,398
Total 13,088,388 100 13,078,883 100
Registered voters/turnout 17,218,654 76.0 17,230,654 75.9
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Parliament[edit]

Senate[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Romanian Democratic Convention 3,772,084 30.70 53 +19
Social Democracy Party of Romania 2,836,011 23.08 41 –8
Social Democratic Union[a] 1,617,384 13.16 23 +5
Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 837,760 6.82 11 –1
Greater Romania Party 558,026 4.54 8 +2
Romanian National Unity Party 518,962 4.22 7 –7
Socialist Party 277,104 2.26 0 New
Socialist Party of Labour 265,659 2.16 0 –5
National Liberal Alliance 236,132 1.92 0 New
Party of Pensioners of Romania 178,654 1.45 0 New
Romanian Socialist Party of Workers 163,582 1.33 0 New
National Union of the Centre 118,859 0.97 0 New
National Peasant Party 86,746 0.71 0 0
National Liberal Ecologist Alliance 86,359 0.70 0 New
Party of the Roma 80,622 0.66 0 0
Roma Union 72,648 0.59 0 New
National Christian Democratic Party 65,932 0.54 0 New
National Party of the Motorists 57,644 0.47 0 New
Romanian Working Party 49,325 0.40 0 New
Free Republican Party 36,877 0.30 0 0
New Romania Party 35,027 0.29 0 New
Ecological Convention Party of Romania 33,888 0.28 0 New
Party of Reunification–Dacian-Latian Option 28,622 0.23 0 New
Christian Democratic Union 23,656 0.19 0 0
Party for the Motherland 21,295 0.17 0 New
Party of Former Non-Communists and Political Prisoners 20,989 0.17 0 New
Party of Social Protection of Romania 20,972 0.17 0 New
Republican Party 20,273 0.16 0 0
Romanian Socialist Party 18,834 0.15 0 New
Hungarian Free Democrat Party of Romania 12,103 0.10 0 New
Party of Private Entrepreneurs–Social Democratic Party 11,627 0.09 0 New
Party of the Revival of Romania 'Ion Mihalache' 9,111 0.07 0 New
Community of the Roma Ethnicity in Romania 6,073 0.05 0 New
Liberal Christian Party 5,933 0.05 0 New
Party of the Romanian Revolution 2,938 0.02 0 New
Union of the Roma, Constanta County 763 0.01 0 New
Party of Democratic Solidarity 299 0.00 0 New
Independents 98,898 0.80 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 800,717
Total 13,088,388 100 143 0
Registered voters/turnout 17,218,654 76.01
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, University of Essex

Chamber of Deputies[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Romanian Democratic Convention 3,692,321 30.17 122 +40
Social Democracy Party of Romania 2,633,860 21.52 91 –26
Social Democratic Union[a] 1,582,231 12.93 53 +10
Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 812,628 6.64 25 –2
Greater Romania Party 545,430 4.46 19 +3
Romanian National Unity Party 533,384 4.36 18 –12
Socialist Party 280,364 2.29 0 New
Socialist Party of Labour 262,563 2.15 0 –13
Romanian Socialist Party of Workers 212,303 1.73 0 New
National Liberal Alliance 192,495 1.57 0 New
Party of Pensioners of Romania 175,676 1.44 0 New
National Union of the Centre 106,069 0.87 0 New
National Peasant Party 102,831 0.84 0 0
National Liberal Ecologist Alliance 96,412 0.79 0 New
Party of the Roma 82,195 0.67 1 0
Roma Union 71,020 0.58 0 New
National Democratic Christian Party 69,380 0.57 0 New
National Party of the Motorists 56,387 0.46 0 New
Romanian Working Party 50,011 0.41 0 New
New Romania Party 33,672 0.28 0 New
Free Republican Party 29,576 0.24 0 0
Ecological Convention Party of Romania 27,544 0.23 0 New
Party of Reunification–Dacian-Latin Option) 25,620 0.21 0 New
Democratic Forum of Germans 23,888 0.20 1 0
Party of Former Non-Communists and Political Prisoners 21,060 0.17 0 New
Christian Democratic Union 19,693 0.16 0 0
Party for the Motherland 17,841 0.15 0 New
Republican Party 17,190 0.14 0 0
Party of Social Protection of Romania 16,762 0.14 0 New
Hungarian Free Democrat Party of Romania 14,333 0.12 0 New
Federation of the Jewish Communities in Romania 12,746 0.10 1 New
Party of Private Entrepreneurs–Social Democratic Party 11,990 0.10 0 New
Community of the Lippovan Russians 11,902 0.10 1 0
Union of Armenians of Romania 11,543 0.09 1 0
Italian Community of Romania 11,454 0.09 1 0
Liberal Christian Party 10,345 0.08 0 New
Association of Italians of Romania 9,833 0.08 0 New
Romanian Socialist Party 9,103 0.07 0 New
Cultural Union of Albanians of Romania 8,722 0.07 1 New
Hellenic Union of Romania 8,463 0.07 1 0
Party of the Revival of Romania 'Ion Mihalache' 7,751 0.06 0 New
Party of the Romanian Revolution 7,340 0.06 0 New
Union of the Ukrainians of Romania 7,165 0.06 1 0
Democratic Union of Serbs and Carasovenians in Romania 6,851 0.06 1 0
Democratic Union of Slovaks and Czechs of Romania 6,531 0.05 1 0
Democratic Union of Turkish-Muslim Tatars 6,319 0.05 1 0
Bratstvo Community of Bulgarians in Romania 5,359 0.04 1 New
Community of the Roma Ethnicity in Romania 5,227 0.04 0 New
Democratic Turkish Union of Romania 4,326 0.04 1 0
Democratic Union of Ukrainians in Romania 4,132 0.03 0 New
Bulgarian Union of Banat–Romania 4,115 0.03 0 –1
Forum of the Szeklers Youth 2142 0.02 0 New
Union of Poles of Romania 1,842 0.02 1 0
Federation of Italians in Romania 1,711 0.01 0 New
Hellenic Union of Romania–Prahova Hellenic Community 1,509 0.01 0 New
Party of Democratic Solidarity 1,352 0.01 0 New
Community of Italians from Galati 791 0.01 0 New
Community of Italians from Pitesti 695 0.01 0 New
General Union of the Associations of the Hutul Ethnicity 646 0.01 0 New
Union of the Roma, Constanta County 640 0.01 0 New
Union of Croatians of Romania 486 0.00 0 0
Social Cultural Association in Romania 439 0.00 0 New
Italian Community - Prahova County 437 0.00 0 New
Federation of Italians in Romania - Italian Community Ovidius Constanta 311 0.00 0 New
Independents 248,825 2.03 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 849,642
Total 13,088,388 100 343 +2
Registered voters/turnout 17,218,654 76.0
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, University of Essex

a The Social Democratic Union was an alliance of the Social Democratic Party and the Democratic Party.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1591 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7