Romanian royal family

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Romanian royal family
Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Romania (1881-1947)

  • HRH Prince Paul
    HRH Princess Lia‡
    • HRH Prince Carol Ferdinand‡
  • HRH Prince Alexander‡

*Titled according to private family rules

‡Status disputed

The Kingdom of Romania (Romanian: Regatul României) was a constitutional monarchy in Central-Eastern Europe, ruled by a royal family that was a branch of the Hohenzollern dynasty. The kingdom existed from 1881, when Carol I of Romania was proclaimed king, until 1947, when the last king, Michael I of Romania, abdicated and the Parliament proclaimed Romania a republic. Soon after, upon the establishment of the constitution of 13 April 1948, Romania became a popular republic, a regime that lasted until 1989.

Members of the former royal family include the daughters of the late, former King Michael of Romania. Some descendants have adopted the surname "of Romania". There are also descendants of Michael's older half-brother Carol Lambrino (also known as "Carol Hohenzollern" and "Carol Mircea Grigore of Romania" or, in Romanian, al României, on his amended, Romanian birth certificate[1]), whose legitimacy was disputed and who were not recognised as royal during the reigns of Ferdinand, Carol II and Michael.

King Michael publicly renounced for himself, the former queen, and their five daughters any claim to the titles of "Prince/Princess of Hohenzollern", styles which were in any case not recognised under German laws since 1919 but had been attributed, along with the Romanian royal titles, to members of the Romanian dynasty in such subsequently-published sources as the Almanach de Gotha and Burke's Guide to the Royal Family.[2]

Descendants of King Michael[edit]

House of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
House of Romania
Carol I
Queen
Princess Elisabeth of Wied
Children
Princess Maria
Ferdinand I
Queen
Princess Marie of Edinburgh
Children
Carol II
Elisabeth, Queen of the Hellenes
Maria, Queen of Yugoslavia
Nicholas, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
Princess Ileana
Prince Mircea
Carol II
Consort
Princess Helen of Greece and Denmark
Children
Michael I
Michael I
Consort
Princess Anne of Bourbon-Parma
Children
Princess Margareta
Princess Elena
Princess Irina
Princess Sophie
Princess Marie
  • Margareta of Romania (b. 1949, age 71)
    m. (1996) Radu Duda, assumed the title Prince Radu of Romania (b. 1960, age 60)
  • Princess Elena of Romania (b. 1950, age 70)
    div. (1983–1991) Leslie Robin Medforth-Mills (1942–2002, age 59)
    m. (1998) Alexander Philips Nixon (McAteer) (b. 1964, age 56)
    • Nicholas Michael de Roumanie Medforth-Mills (b. 1985, age 35)
      m. (2017) Alina Maria Binder (b. 1988, age 32)
      • Maria Alexandra de Roumanie Medforth-Mills (b. 2020, age 0)
    • Elisabeta Karina de Roumanie Medforth-Mills (b. 1989, age 31)
  • Princess Irina of Romania (b. 1953, age 67)
    div. (1983–2003) John Kreuger (b. 1945, age 75)
    m. (2007) John Wesley Walker (b. 1945, age 74)
    • Michael Torsten de Roumanie Kreuger (b. 1985, age 35)
      m. (2011) Tara Marie Littlefield (b. 1982, age 38)
      • Kohen Kreuger (b. 2012, age 8)
    • Angelica Margareta Bianca de Roumanie Kreuger (b. 1986, age 33)
      m. (2009) Richard Robert Knight (b. 1984, age 36)
      • Courtney Bianca Knight (b. 2007, age 13)
      • Diana Knight (b. 2011, age 9)
  • Princess Sophie of Romania (b. 1957, age 63)
    div. (1998–2002) Alain Michel Léonce Biarneix (de Laufenborg) (b. 1957, age 63)
    • Elisabeta Maria Bianca Elena de Roumanie Biarneix (b. 1998, age 22)
  • Princess Marie of Romania (b. 1964, age 56)
    div. (1995–2003) Kazimierz Wiesław Mystkowski (b. 1958, age 62)

Daughters of Romania's kings, such as Margareta, Elena, Irina and Sophie, as well as their descendants, had no rights of succession to the Romanian throne during the monarchy's existence, in accordance with the Salic law enshrined in both the defunct royal Romanian Constitution of 1938 and the Statute of the Romanian royal house, dated 1884. On 30 December 2007 in a private ceremony,[3][4] King Michael issued a declaration in the form of a statute,[5] an act of symbolic significance in the absence of its approval by the Parliament,[6][7] promulgating new Fundamental Rules of the Royal Family of Romania.[8]

Michael decided to add his daughters and their children to the headship of the royal house, further explicitly banning any other foreigners belonging to any other royal or princely house from succeeding. On the same occasion he asked the Romanian Parliament to abolish the Salic law, should it consider restoring the monarchy.[9] By the same act, Michael designated his grandson Nicholas de Roumanie Medforth-Mills as a future member of the deposed royal family and future "Prince of Romania" with the style of "Royal Highness," effective either on his 25th birthday, 1 April 2010, or upon Michael's death, whichever might occur sooner. On 1 August 2015, however, King Michael issued a declaration retracting the style "Royal Highness" and "of Romania" previously conferred upon Nicholas, also excluding him from the line of succession to the headship of the dynasty, noting that his successors in that capacity should be persons of "principled modesty and morality."[10] Children and consorts of the members of the family who do not bear a royal title are not recognised as members of the former royal family, according to the new rules.

Line of Succession [11][edit]

The titles of the members of the Royal House of Romania, as well as the order of succession are determined by the Organic Norms of the Royal House of Romania.

Thus, according to them, the current head of the Royal House of Romania is Margareta. The current consort of the head of the Royal House of Romania is Prince Radu.

The current successor to the head of the Royal House of Romania is Princess Elena.

The members of the Royal House of Romania are as follows: Margareta, Custodian of the Romanian Crown; Prince Radu; Princess Elena; Princess Sofia.

The spouses and children of the princesses do not hold royal titles.

The order of succession to the head of the Royal House of Romania is based on the principle of primogeniture with male preference, the Organic Norms thus abrogating the willow principle of absolute male primogeniture, excluding women and their descendants. Basically, at present, this is the following:

  1. Princess Elena of Romania;
  2. Elisabeta Karina of Romania;
  3. Princess Sofia of Romania;
  4. Elisabeta Maria of Romania;
  5. Princess Maria of Romania.

Changes to the Succession Line can be made by the decision of the Head of the Royal House of Romania.

Family of Carol Mircea Hohenzollern[edit]

  • Paul-Philippe of Romania (born 1948), son of Carol Mircea Lambrino
    wed Lia-Georgia Hohenzollern (née Triff) (born 1949), with issue:
    • Carol Ferdinand al României (born 2010)
  • Alexander Hohenzollern (born 1961), son of Carol Mircea Lambrino, unmarried.

Past members of the royal family[edit]

Family tree[edit]

Family tree
Flag of Hohenzollern-Hechingen and Sigmaringen.png Schloss Sigmaringen Wappen.jpg
Karl Anton
b.1811 - d.1885
Karl Anton von Hohenzollern.jpg
Prince of
Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen

r.1848–1849

Prince of Hohenzollern
r.1869–1885
Josephine
of Baden

JosephineBaden.jpg
b.1813 -
d.1900
Antónia
of Portugal

Antoniabraganca1845 1913.jpg
b.1845 – d.1913
Leopold
LeopoldHS.jpg
b.1835 – d.1905
Stephanie
EstefaniadePortugal.jpg
b.1837 – d.1859
Principality of Romania - 1872 CoA.svg Royal standard of Romania (King, 1881 model).svg Royal monogram of Carol I of Romania.svg
Carol I
b.1839 – d.1914
Carol I King of Romania.jpg
Domnitor of the
United Principalities

r.1866-1881
King of Romania
r.1881-1914
Elisabeth of Wied
b.1843 - d.1916
Queen Elizabeth of Romania.jpg
Queen consort
of Romania
1869 – 1914
Anton
b.1841 –
d.1866
Friedrich
b.1843 –
d.1904
Maria
Luise

b.1845 – d.1912
William
b.1864–d.1927
Prince of
Hohenzollernn
r.1905–1927
Kingdom of Romania - Big CoA.svg Royal standard of Romania (King, 1881 model).svg Royal monogram of Ferdinand I of Romania.svg
Ferdinand
b.1865 - d.1927
King Ferdinand of Romania.jpg
King of Romania
1914-1927
Marie of Edinburgh
b.1875-d.1938
Queen Mary of Romania 2.jpg
Queen consort
of Romania
1914–1927
Karl Anton
KarlAntonHohenz.jpg
b.1868-d.1919
Maria
Printesa Maria a Romaniei.jpg
b.1870 – d.1874
Zizi Lambrino
b.1898–d.1953
Kingdom of Romania - Big CoA.svg Royal standard of Romania (King, 1922 model).svg
Carol II
b.1893 - d.1953
King Carol II of Romania.jpg
King of Romania
1930-1940
Royal standard of Romania (Queen Mother, 1941 model).svg
Helen of Greece
b.1896 – d.1982
Queen Helen of Romania.jpg
Queen Mother of Romania
1928–1982
Magda Lupescu
b.1895 – d.1977
Elisabeth
b.1894 — d.1956
Elisabeta a Romaniei.jpg
Queen consort of Greece
1922–1924
Maria
b.1900 — d.1961
Kraljica marija.jpg
Queen consort
of Yugoslavia
1922-1934
Nicholas
b.1903 - d.1978
1903Nicholas-09.jpg
Member of the Regency
1927-1930
Ileana
b.1909– d.1991
Printesa Ileana de Romania.jpg
Archduchess Anton of Austria 1931–1954
Mrs Stefan Issarescu 1956–1965
Mother Alexandra 1967–1991
Mircea
Princess Ileana and Prince Mircea.jpeg
b.1913—d.1916-->
Carol Lambrino
b.1920 -
d.2006
Kingdom of Romania - Big CoA.svg Royal standard of Romania (King, 1922 model).svg Royal Monogram of King Michael of Romania.svg
Michael I
b.1921 -
d.2017

Mihai.jpg
King of Romania
1927–1930; 1940–1947
Royal standard of Romania (Queen, 1922 model).svg
Anne of
Bourbon-Parma

ReginaAnaARomaniei.jpg
b.1923 - d.2016
Paul
b.1948
Alexander
b.1961
Royal Standard of the Crown Princess of Romania.svg Royal Monogram of Princess Margarita Of Romania.svg
Margareta
b.1949Princess Margarita of Romania.JPG
Custodian of the Crown of Romania
2017 - present
Elena
b.1950
Irina
b.1953
Sophie
b.1957
Maria
b.1964
Carol
Ferdinand
Nicholas
b.1985
Elisabeta-Karina
b.1989
Michael
b.1985
Angelica-Margaretta
b.1986
Elisabeth-Maria
b.1999
Kohen (b.2012)Courtney (b.2007)Diana (b. 2011)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "General"[permanent dead link] Evenimentul Zilei
  2. ^ Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh (editor). Burke's Guide to the Royal Family, Burke's Peerage, London, 1973, p. 295-296. ISBN 0-220-66222-3
  3. ^ (in Romanian) "Princess Margarita, heiress to the throne of Romania," Evenimentul Zilei, December 30, 2007
  4. ^ (in Romanian) Communique, December 30, 2007 – The Press Bureau of His Majesty King Michael I, Elisabeta Palace, The Romanian Royal Family website as of December 30, 2007
  5. ^ (in Romanian) "A Dynastical Constitution," Archived 2008-01-10 at the Wayback Machine Romania libera, January 9, 2008
  6. ^ (in Romanian) "The King and Margarita – On The "Day of the Republic" The King Designated His Successor" Archived 2016-10-07 at the Wayback Machine, Jurnalul National daily
  7. ^ (in Romanian) "The Actor Duda in The Role of A Lifetime: Prince Consort of Romania," Cotidianul, January 3, 2008
  8. ^ Fundamental Rules of the Royal Family of Romania Archived 2008-02-27 at the Wayback Machine, The Romanian royal family website, as retrieved on January 13, 2008
  9. ^ See "Line of succession to the Romanian throne"
  10. ^ The Telegraph. AP. "Romania prince stripped of title by former king for lacking 'modest moral principles'". 2 August 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
  11. ^ [1]

External links[edit]