Romanians in Bulgaria

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Ethnic map of the Balkans prior to the First Balkan War by Paul Vidal de la Blache.
Ethnic map of Bulgaria according to the census results from 1892 (Blue denotes regions with a Romanian minority)

The Romanian minority in Bulgaria (Romanian: români or rumâni, Bulgarian: румънци/rumantsi), known as "Vlachs" (Bulgarian: власи/vlasi) is concentrated in the northwestern part of the country, in the Provinces of: Vidin, Vratsa and Pleven. They speak the Oltenian variety of the Romanian language. The Romanians from the Vidin Province are separated into 2 main groups: the "Dunăreni" (who live around the Danube river) and the "Pădureni" (who lived in the higher placed regions with many woods). In southwestern Bulgaria lives also a very small Aromanian population, such as in the village Peshtera.[1] Most of this people declare themselves "vlasi" (= Vlachs) when asked in Bulgarian (e.g. on the census), though they use the self-designation "rumân" (= Rumanian) in their language.[2] The Romanians in Bulgaria are not recognized as a national minority, but as an ethnic group and they don't enjoy ethnic rights in schools and churches since the Interwar period.[3]

Census figures[edit]

Vlachs Romanians
1881 49,063[4]a  
2001 10,566 b 1,088
2011 3,684 [5] 891

^a This number shows those who identified their native language as Vlach; the 1881 census did not have a question about ethnicity.
^b The 2001 census shows 10,566 Vlachs. Most of the Vlachs (Romanians) are Romanian-speakers, but the figure includes some Aromanian-speakers as well.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Aromanians
  2. ^ Interview with Ivo Gheorghiev
  3. ^ Romanii Din Bulgaria
  4. ^ General results of the population census of 1 January 1881, Statistics of the Principality of Bulgaria, p.11 (Bulgarian) (French)
  5. ^ Census Bulgaria 2011


External links[edit]

in Romanian[edit]