Romanians in France

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Romanians in France
Total population
200,000 (estimated)[1]
Regions with significant populations
Paris, Île-de-France, Strasbourg, Mulhouse, Île-de-France, Aquitaine, Languedoc-Roussillon, Midi-Pyrénées, Brittany, Poitou-Charentes, Corsica, Centre-Val de Loire, Limousin, Pays de la Loire, Lower Normandy, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Languages
Romanian, French
Religion
Eastern Orthodoxism, Roman Catholicism

Romanian French is the term for a French citizen of Romanian heritage, born in Romania and living as an emigrant in France or being born in France from a Romanian immigrant family, that came to France at the beginning of the 20th century. Today, there are c. 18,000 Romanian-born citizens living in France,[2] and an unknown number of French citizens of Romanian ancestry.

History[edit]

Evolution of the number of Romanian nationals living in France (2014-2017)[3]

Romanians had registered a presence on France's soil since the first part of the 19th century. The first Romanians that arrived at that time were mainly rich students who came to study, principally in science and physics domains. Most of them returned to Romania after finishing their studies, although a significant number remained in France. During World War I, some Romanian soldiers were sent to France when the Kingdom of Romania joined the Allies in 1916, to help French troops in the fight against Germany.

An important figure of the Romanian-French population arrived in France in the 1950s, after the end of the war, in a period when both Romania and France were experiencing a very difficult period in their history, and were still recovering from the disasters caused by the conflict. Most of the Romanian population settled in Paris, Lille and other big cities in the north of France.

Another large wave of Romanian emigrants made their way in France in the 1990s, after the fall of Communism in Romania, caused by the Romanian Revolution of 1989. After that important event, millions of Romanians left their homeland in order to come to the West, to the United States, Canada, Germany, Italy, France, United Kingdom, Spain, Portugal, etc., where up to this day they still form significant communities. More than half of the present-day number of Romanian-French arrived after 1990.

French language in Romania[edit]

English and French are the main foreign languages taught in schools.[4] In 2010, the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie identifies 4,756,100 French speakers in the country.[5] According to the 2012 Eurobarometer, English is spoken by 31% of Romanians, French is spoken by 17%.[6]

Notable people[edit]

Constantin Brancusi c.1905.jpg
Georges Enesco 1930 crop.jpg
Cioran in Romania.jpg
Elvira-Popescu-1.jpg
TRISTAN TZARA 1896 ESCRITOR FRANCES (13451237653).jpg
Eugene Ionesco 01.jpg
Vladimir Cosma, Romanian-French music score composer.jpg
Radu Mihaileanu Cannes 2018.jpg
Michèle Laroque Cannes 2017.jpg
Cédric Pioline - gare de Lyon - juin 2015 - 2.jpg
Roxana Maracineanu - 2018 (cropped).jpg
Ana Cata-Chitiga (13167942953).jpg
Monsieur Dream - Cyprien Iov.jpg

Arts[edit]

Entertainment[edit]

Literature[edit]

Music[edit]

Politics[edit]

Science[edit]

Sports[edit]

Other[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.economica.net/cati-romani-muncesc-in-strainatate-si-unde-sunt-cei-mai-multi_67822.html
  2. ^ Country and Comparative Data, Migration Policy Institute, retrieved 2009-04-09
  3. ^ Baciu, Paula (10 September 2018). "What brings Romanians to the streets". VoxEurop/EDJNet. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  4. ^ "Two-thirds of working age adults in the EU28 in 2011 state they know a foreign language" (PDF). Eurostat. 26 September 2013. Retrieved 21 August 2014.
  5. ^ "Roumanie - Organisation internationale de la Francophonie". francophonie.org.
  6. ^ "EUROPEANS AND THEIR LANGUAGES, REPORT" (PDF). Eurostat. 2012. Retrieved 21 August 2014.