Romanians in the United Kingdom
83,168 (2011 Census)
390,000 (2017 ONS estimate)
|Regions with significant populations|
|London (Mostly Northern boroughs such as London Borough of Brent)|
|Romanian Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Greek Catholic, Protestant, Atheist, Irreligious|
|Related ethnic groups|
Romanians in the United Kingdom refers to the phenomenon of Romanian people moving to the United Kingdom as citizens or non-citizen immigrants, along with British citizens of Romanian descent. The opportunities for Romanians to migrate to the UK increased when Romania joined the European Union in 2007, and a transitional cap on migration from Romania and Bulgaria expired on 1 January 2014, which saw thousands move to the UK.
History, population, and settlement
The small number of Romanians that first arrived in Britain were primarily Jews fleeing persecution during the Second World War. The activities of the Romanian exiles started in 1941, through the effort of individuals such as Ambassador Viorel Tilea, Major George-Emil Iliescu, and legal counselor Ecaterina Iliescu. They founded the Anglo-Romanian Refugee Committee (ARRC) in 1948. The Free Romanian Orthodox Church was active in parallel to the ARRC between 1950–55, under the leadership of Father Gildau, with a Parish Committee chaired by Mihai Carciog. This later transformed into the 'Romanian Orthodox Women's Association in the UK', which, in turn, became in 1965 the British-Romanian Association - also known under its Romanian name of ACARDA ("Asociatia Culturala a Romanilor din Anglia") - through the initiative of a representative group of individuals from the small Romanian community, including Ion Rațiu, Horia Georgescu, George Ross, and Leonard Kirschen, Marie-Jeanne MacDonald, Gladys Wilson, Sanda Carciog, and Mihai Carciog.
Ion Rațiu was the President of the British-Romanian Association between 1965 - 1985, followed by Iolanda Stranescu Costide between 1985 until its closure in 1996, the organisation having fulfilled its aim to restore a democratic regime in Romania. At the time of the 2001 Census, 7,631 Romanian-born people were residing in the UK.  In the 2011 Census, the Romanian-born population grew to 83,168 people throughout the UK, with 79,687 in England & Wales, 2,387 in Scotland, and 1,094 in Northern Ireland. The Office for National Statistics (ONS) estimated that, in 2012, 101,000 Romanian-born people were resident in the UK. By 2017, this estimate had risen to 390,000.
|Note: Besides for 2011 when a census of the population took place, figures are ONS estimates of the number of Romanian-born residents. Figure given is the central estimate. See the source for 95% confidence intervals.|
Most Romanians belong to the Romanian Orthodox Church religion and there are several Romanian Orthodox churches throughout the UK, such as those in Aberdeen, Ballymena, Birmingham, Boston, Bristol, Cambridge, Cardiff, Caterham, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Leeds, Liverpool, London, Luton, Northampton, Norwich, Nottingham, Oxford or Poole.
Notable Britons of Romanian descent
- Ikechi Anya, footballer
- Vera Atkins, intelligence officer during World War II
- Alma Cogan, singer
- Shane Cojocărel, footballer
- Jimmy Cornell, yachtsman, bestselling author of World Cruising Routes
- John Bercow, politician
- Maria Björnson, theatre designer
- Octav Botnar, businessman
- Alina Cojocaru, ballet dancer
- George Constantinescu, scientist, engineer and inventor
- Moses Gaster, scholar
- Miron Grindea, literary journalist
- Rosemary Harris, actress
- Michael Howard, politician
- George Hurst, music conductor
- George Iacobescu, chief executive of the Canary Wharf Group
- The Cheeky Girls (Gabriela and Monica Irimia), singers
- Flavia Kenyon, barrister
- Irina Lăzăreanu, model
- Jeff Leach, comedian
- Caroline Simionescu-Marin, A&R manager at XL Recordings
- Micachu, singer, songwriter and composer
- Nelly Miricioiu, opera singer
- David Mitrany, scholar
- Paul Neagu, artist
- Valentino Petrescu, mixed martial artist
- Emma Răducanu, tennis player
- Cristian Răducanu, rugby union player
- Sir Roy Redgrave, army general
- Ion Raţiu, politician
- Constantin Silvestri, music conductor
- Peter Solley, pianist
- Monty Sunshine, jazz clarinetist
- Viorel Tilea, ambassador
- Liviu Tipuriţă, film director
- "Country-of-birth database". Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Retrieved 2008-11-30.
- Travis, Alan (30 December 2014). "No surge of Romanian and Bulgarian migrants after controls lifted". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
- "2011 Census: Country of birth (expanded), regions in England and Wales". Office for National Statistics. 26 March 2013. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
- "Country of birth (detailed)" (PDF). National Records of Scotland. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
- "Country of Birth – Full Detail: QS206NI". Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
- "2012; Estimated overseas-born population resident in the United Kingdom, by country of birth (Table 1.3)". Office for National Statistics. August 2013. Retrieved 14 November 2013.
- "Table 1.3: Overseas-born population in the United Kingdom, excluding some residents in communal establishments, by sex, by country of birth, January 2017 to December 2017". Office for National Statistics. 24 May 2018. Retrieved 24 May 2018. Figure given is the central estimate. See the source for 95% confidence intervals.
- "Dataset: Population of the United Kingdom by Country of Birth and Nationality". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2017-05-26.
- Baciu, Paula (10 September 2018). "What brings Romanians to the streets". VoxEurop/EDJNet. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
- "Parohii din Regatul Unit al Marii Britanii şi al Irlandei de Nord". Mitropolia Ortodoxǎ Românǎ a Europei Occidentale şi Meridionale. Retrieved 2012-05-09.
- The Romanian Cultural Centre in London (website)