Ethnic map of Bulgaria according to the census results from 1892 (Blue denotes regions with a Romanian minority)
Romanian woman from Vidin (1901)
The Romanian minority in Bulgaria (Romanian: români or rumâni, Bulgarian: румънци/rumantsi), known as "Vlachs" (Bulgarian: власи/vlasi) is concentrated in the northwestern part of the country, in the Provinces of: Vidin, Vratsa and Pleven. They speak the Oltenian variety of the Romanian language. The Romanians from the Vidin Province are separated into 2 main groups: the "Dunăreni" (who live around the Danube river) and the "Pădureni" (who lived in the higher placed regions with many woods). In southwestern Bulgaria lives also a very small Aromanian population, such as in the village Peshtera. Most of this people declare themselves "vlasi" (= Vlachs) when asked in Bulgarian (e.g. on the census), though they use the self-designation "rumân" (= Rumanian) in their language. The Romanians in Bulgaria are not recognized as a national minority, but as an ethnic group and they don't enjoy ethnic rights in schools and churches since the Interwar period.
^a This number shows those who identified their native language as Vlach; the 1881 census did not have a question about ethnicity. ^b The 2001 census shows 10,566 Vlachs. Most of the Vlachs (Romanians) are Romanian-speakers, but the figure includes some Aromanian-speakers as well.