Romans, Ain

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Romans
Saint-Maurice church
Saint-Maurice church
Coat of arms of Romans
Coat of arms
Location of Romans
Romans is located in France
Romans
Romans
Romans is located in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Romans
Romans
Coordinates: 46°07′00″N 5°02′00″E / 46.1167°N 5.0333°E / 46.1167; 5.0333Coordinates: 46°07′00″N 5°02′00″E / 46.1167°N 5.0333°E / 46.1167; 5.0333
CountryFrance
RegionAuvergne-Rhône-Alpes
DepartmentAin
ArrondissementBourg-en-Bresse
CantonChâtillon-sur-Chalaronne
IntercommunalityChalaronne-centre
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Guy Girodon
Area
1
21.8 km2 (8.4 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
598
 • Density27/km2 (71/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
01328 /01400
Elevation227–280 m (745–919 ft)
(avg. 265 m or 869 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Romans is a commune in the Ain department in eastern France.

Geography[edit]

The village is located between Bresse and the Dombes. The river Renon flows through the commune from southeast to northwest. The other rivers in the area are the Irance in the east of the commune and the Chalaronne forming part of the commune's southwestern border.

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1793381—    
1800121−68.2%
1806226+86.8%
1821515+127.9%
1831498−3.3%
1836503+1.0%
1841583+15.9%
1846536−8.1%
1851570+6.3%
1856551−3.3%
1861562+2.0%
1866609+8.4%
1872585−3.9%
1876573−2.1%
1881598+4.4%
1886610+2.0%
1891622+2.0%
1896600−3.5%
1901603+0.5%
1906594−1.5%
1911546−8.1%
1921530−2.9%
1926520−1.9%
1931500−3.8%
1936475−5.0%
1946521+9.7%
1954391−25.0%
1962353−9.7%
1968367+4.0%
1975346−5.7%
1982351+1.4%
1990480+36.8%
1999522+8.7%
2008581+11.3%

History[edit]

Chateau of Romans

Early history[edit]

The land of Romans became in 917 the property of Cluny Abbey, when it was given by Ingelberge, wife of William I, Duke of Aquitaine who founded Cluny Abbey and the daughter of King Boso of Provence.[2]

Romans was attached the lordship of Varax until it was definitively separated when Étienne de Varax son of Henri Varax the third, married Claudine de Saint Amour in 1396, and created the lordship of Romans.[2]

Recent history[edit]

On 4 March 1718, Claude de Lyobard de Brion, Lord of Romans, sold the land of Romans to Claude César Ferrary, squire and King's Counsellor.[2] Romans was transformed in an earldom named Romans-Ferrari in December 1763 thanks to Etienne-Lambert 1714-1766 (son of Claude César).[2] The last earl of Romans-Ferrari was Charles de Romans-Ferrari his descendant born in Romans the 16th of December 1861 deceased the 27th of June 1912 in Commercy.

Sights[edit]

  • Saint-Maurice Church : Romanesque 12th-century church. The belltower has been reconstructed between 1856 and 1858.
  • The 15th century castle modified in the 19th century. It was the property of the Lords of Romans, and from 1763 the property of the Earls of Romans-Ferrari. Now the castle hosts a medical-care home.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d ‹See Tfd›(in French)Topographie historique du département de l'Ain, Marie-Claude Guigue, 1873, pages 324-325

External links[edit]