Romans 10

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Romans 10
Papyrus 27.png
Epistle to the Romans 8:12-22 in the bigger of two fragments forming Papyrus 27 (recto side), written in the 3rd century.
Book Epistle to the Romans
Bible part New Testament
Order in the Bible part 6
Category Pauline epistles

Romans 10 is the tenth chapter of the Epistle to the Romans in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. It is authored by Paul the Apostle, but written by an amanuensis, Tertius of Iconium, while Paul was in Corinth, in winter of AD 57-58.[1] Paul wrote to the Roman Christians in order to give them a substantial resume of his theology.[2] Paul continues his discussion of Israel’s rejection of God’s purpose which he had commenced in chapter 9: despite his "anguish over Israel" [3] it remains his "heart’s desire and prayer to God for the Israelites that they may be saved".[4]

Text[edit]

Structure[edit]

The New King James Version organises this chapter as follows:

Cross references[edit]

Zeal for God not based on knowledge[edit]

Paul asserts that those Jews who have not believed in Jesus Christ are 'zealous for God', but their zeal is not based on knowledge (Romans 10:2) or, in the International Children's Bible, "They really try to follow God. But they do not know the right way."

Righteousness according to Moses[edit]

Verse 5[edit]

New King James Version

For Moses writes about the righteousness which is of the law, “The man who does those things shall live by them.”[5]

Verse 8[edit]

New King James Version

But what does it say? “The word is near you, in your mouth and in your heart” (that is, the word of faith which we preach):[6]

Citation from: Deuteronomy 30:14

Verse 9[edit]

New King James Version

If you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and believe in your heart that God has raised Him from the dead, you will be saved.[7]

Hearing and obeying the gospel[edit]

Using a series of prophetic quotations from Moses, Isaiah and Joel, Paul argues that faith comes through hearing and the gospel must be preached if it is to be heard and obeyed, but also that it was indeed made known to the people of Israel, who have refused to believe, and their disobedience and stubbornness [8] was itself foretold in prophecy (Romans 10:14-21).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Halley, Henry H. Halley's Bible Handbook: an Abbreviated Bible Commentary. 23rd edition. Zondervan Publishing House. 1962.
  2. ^ Holman Illustrated Bible Handbook. Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee. 2012.
  3. ^ New International Version's sub-heading for Romans 9:1-5
  4. ^ Romans 10:1
  5. ^ Romans 10:5
  6. ^ Romans 10:8
  7. ^ Romans 10:9
  8. ^ Romans 10:21, New Century Version and International Children's Bible

External links[edit]