|Book||Epistle to the Romans|
|Bible part||New Testament|
|Order in the Bible part||6|
Romans 10 is the tenth chapter of the Epistle to the Romans in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. It is authored by Paul the Apostle, but written by an amanuensis, Tertius of Iconium, while Paul was in Corinth, in winter of AD 57-58. Paul wrote to the Roman Christians in order to give them a substantial resume of his theology. Paul continues his discussion of Israel’s rejection of God’s purpose which he had commenced in chapter 9: despite his "anguish over Israel"  it remains his "heart’s desire and prayer to God for the Israelites that they may be saved".
- The original text is written in Koine Greek.
- Some most ancient manuscripts containing this chapter are:
- This chapter is divided into 21 verses.
The New King James Version organises this chapter as follows:
- Romans 10:5 = Leviticus 18:5
- Romans 10:6 = Deuteronomy 30:12
- Romans 10:7 = Deuteronomy 30:13
- Romans 10:8 = Deuteronomy 30:14
- Romans 10:11 = Isaiah 28:16
- Romans 10:13 = Joel 2:32
- Romans 10:15 = Isaiah 52:7; Nahum 1:15
- Romans 10:16 = Isaiah 53:1
- Romans 10:18 = Psalm 19:4
- Romans 10:19 = Deuteronomy 32:21
- Romans 10:20 = Isaiah 65:1
- Romans 10:21 = Isaiah 65:2
Zeal for God not based on knowledge
Paul asserts that those Jews who have not believed in Jesus Christ are 'zealous for God', but their zeal is not based on knowledge (Romans 10:2) or, in the International Children's Bible, "They really try to follow God. But they do not know the right way."
Righteousness according to Moses
- For Moses writes about the righteousness which is of the law, “The man who does those things shall live by them.”
- But what does it say? “The word is near you, in your mouth and in your heart” (that is, the word of faith which we preach):
Citation from: Deuteronomy 30:14
- If you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and believe in your heart that God has raised Him from the dead, you will be saved.
Hearing and obeying the gospel
Using a series of prophetic quotations from Moses, Isaiah and Joel, Paul argues that faith comes through hearing and the gospel must be preached if it is to be heard and obeyed, but also that it was indeed made known to the people of Israel, who have refused to believe, and their disobedience and stubbornness  was itself foretold in prophecy (Romans 10:14-21).
- Other related Bible parts: Leviticus 18, Deuteronomy 30, Deuteronomy 32, Psalm 19, Isaiah 28, Isaiah 52, Isaiah 53, Isaiah 65, Joel 2, Nahum 1
- Halley, Henry H. Halley's Bible Handbook: an Abbreviated Bible Commentary. 23rd edition. Zondervan Publishing House. 1962.
- Holman Illustrated Bible Handbook. Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee. 2012.
- New International Version's sub-heading for Romans 9:1-5
- Romans 10:1
- Romans 10:5
- Romans 10:8
- Romans 10:9
- Romans 10:21, New Century Version and International Children's Bible
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