Romans 11

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Romans 11
Codex Carolinus Tischendorf (Monumenta p. 155).PNG
Romans 11:33–12:5 on Tischendorf's edition of Codex Carolinus (Monumenta, page 155).
BookEpistle to the Romans
CategoryPauline epistles
Christian Bible partNew Testament
Order in the Christian part6

Romans 11 is the eleventh chapter of the Epistle to the Romans in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. It is authored by Paul the Apostle, while he was in Corinth in the mid 50s CE,[1] with the help of an amanuensis (secretary), Tertius, who adds his own greeting in Romans 16:22.[2]

Chapter 11 concludes the section of the letter in which "St. Paul teaches us about the eternal providence of God"[3] with particular reference to the election of a chosen people, Israel (Romans 9:11), who have become disobedient (Romans 11:31) and in whose place a remnant have been chosen and grafted (Romans 11:5) into place.


Romans 11:33–12:1 on Knittel's edition of Codex Carolinus.

The original text was written in Koine Greek. This chapter is divided into 36 verses.

Textual witnesses[edit]

Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter are:

Old Testament references[edit]

New Testament references[edit]

Paul's identity[edit]

Verse 1[edit]

I say then, has God cast away His people? Certainly not! For I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin.[5]

Paul used the phrase Certainly not! or God forbid (Greek: μη γενοιτο, mē genoito) regularly in this letter.[6] On this occasion, he puts himself forward as an example to evidence his argument, "to show that God has not rejected His people en masse. An Israelite of pure descent, he is, nevertheless a true believer".[7] Later in the chapter (Romans 11:13), Paul also refers to himself as the "apostle of the gentiles" (Greek: εθνων αποστολος, ethnōn apostolos).

Verse 6[edit]

New King James Version

And if by grace, then it is no longer of works; otherwise grace is no longer grace.
But if it is of works, it is no longer grace; otherwise work is no longer work.[8]

Verse 34[edit]

“For who has known the mind of the Lord?
Or who has become His counselor?”[9]

Citing: Isaiah 40:13; Jeremiah 23:18

Verse 36[edit]

New King James Version

For of Him and through Him and to Him are all things, to whom be glory forever. Amen.[10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hill 2007, p. 1084.
  2. ^ Donaldson, Terence L. (2007). "63. Introduction to the Pauline Corpus". In Barton, John; Muddiman, John (eds.). The Oxford Bible Commentary (first (paperback) ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 1077. ISBN 978-0199277186.
  3. ^ Luther, M., Preface to the Letter of St. Paul to the Romans, translated by Andrew Thornton, OSB
  4. ^ a b Kirkpatrick, A. F. (1901). The Book of Psalms: with Introduction and Notes. The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges. Book IV and V: Psalms XC-CL. Cambridge: At the University Press. p. 839. Retrieved February 28, 2019.
  5. ^ Romans 11:1 NKJV
  6. ^ See Romans 6#The Bearing of Justification by Grace upon a Holy Life
  7. ^ Vincent, M. (1887), Vincent's Word Studies on Romans 11, accessed 26 September 2016
  8. ^ Romans 11:6
  9. ^ Romans 11:34
  10. ^ Romans 11:36


External links[edit]