Romny

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Coordinates: 50°45′N 33°28′E / 50.750°N 33.467°E / 50.750; 33.467

Romny
Ромни, Ромны
Former bank building in Romny
Former bank building in Romny
Flag of Romny
Official seal of Romny
Romny is located in Ukraine
Romny
Romny
Romny is located in Sumy Oblast
Romny
Romny
Coordinates: 50°45′N 33°28′E / 50.750°N 33.467°E / 50.750; 33.467
CountryUkraine
OblastSumy
MunicipalityRomny city municipality
City rights1781
Area
 • Total65 km2 (25 sq mi)
Elevation
171 m (561 ft)
Population
 (2021)
 • Total38,305
Websitehttp://forum.romny.info/
Soviet coat of arms
2001-2015 flag

Romny (Ukrainian: Ромни́) is a city in northern Ukrainian Sumy Oblast. It is located on the Romen River. Romny serves as the administrative center of Romny Raion. It is administratively incorporated as a city of oblast significance and does not belong to the raion. The villages of Lutschky (438 inhabitants), Kolisnykove (43 inhabitants) and Hrabyne belong to the Romny Municipality. Population: 38,305 (2021 est.)[1]

History[edit]

The city was founded in AD 902. On September 16, 2002 the city celebrated its 1,100th anniversary. Romny was first mentioned in documents in 1096 (as Romen, Cyrillic: Ромен; the name, originally that of the river, is of Baltic origin, cf. Lithuanian romus 'quiet'[2]). By 1638, the city had a population of 6,000 inhabitants, which made it by far the largest settlement in the area. In 1781, the city was granted a charter by the Tsarina Catherine II.

In Romny the first statue of Taras Shevchenko was erected on 27 October 1918 when the city was located in the Ukrainian state, but it was preserved as part of the Soviet Union Ukrainization-policy's.[3] The concrete statue in Romny began to decay in the 1950s, but was remade in bronze and re-unveiled in 1982.[3] The original version of the monument is located on Kyiv's Andriyivskyy Descent.[3]

During World War II, Romny was occupied by the German Army from September 10, 1941 to September 16, 1943.

In the period between 1979 and 1989, Romny's population rose from 53,016 to 57,502 inhabitants.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Romny (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −2.3
(27.9)
−1.5
(29.3)
4.4
(39.9)
13.8
(56.8)
20.7
(69.3)
23.6
(74.5)
25.6
(78.1)
24.9
(76.8)
18.6
(65.5)
11.7
(53.1)
3.4
(38.1)
−1.3
(29.7)
11.8
(53.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.9
(23.2)
−4.7
(23.5)
0.6
(33.1)
8.5
(47.3)
14.8
(58.6)
18.1
(64.6)
19.9
(67.8)
18.9
(66.0)
13.3
(55.9)
7.3
(45.1)
0.7
(33.3)
−3.7
(25.3)
7.4
(45.3)
Average low °C (°F) −7.5
(18.5)
−7.7
(18.1)
−2.9
(26.8)
3.9
(39.0)
9.3
(48.7)
13.0
(55.4)
14.8
(58.6)
13.6
(56.5)
8.8
(47.8)
3.6
(38.5)
−1.7
(28.9)
−6.1
(21.0)
3.4
(38.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 42.3
(1.67)
39.6
(1.56)
39.7
(1.56)
41.2
(1.62)
48.3
(1.90)
74.3
(2.93)
77.9
(3.07)
53.9
(2.12)
56.8
(2.24)
46.1
(1.81)
45.8
(1.80)
43.1
(1.70)
609.0
(23.98)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 9.5 8.7 8.5 7.5 7.4 9.4 8.3 6.6 7.8 7.1 8.2 8.9 97.9
Average relative humidity (%) 85.7 82.9 78.3 68.5 65.5 71.0 72.5 70.7 77.1 81.4 87.8 87.7 77.4
Source: World Meteorological Organization[4]

Sights[edit]

The cathedral of the Holy Spirit, founded in 1735 in place of a wooden church, is a four-pillared cathedral designed in the Ukrainian Baroque style and is surmounted by three pear-shaped domes, each placed on a tall cylinder. Although the cathedral dates back to the 1740s, the building of the nearby belfry and winter church was not undertaken until 1780.

Another noteworthy building is the church of the Ascension, which also has three domes, but was constructed later, in 1795–1801, and adjoins a Baroque belfry built in 1753–63.

Local government[edit]

Beside the city itself, the city municipality also serves as government for a village Kolisnykove and a settlement Luchky.

The city also has administration of the surrounding Romny Raion.

Gallery[edit]

Notable people[edit]

  • Yevhen Adamtsevych (1904-1972), prominent blind Ukrainian bandurist
  • Haim Arlosoroff (1899–1933), notable Socialist Zionist leader
  • Maksym Biletskyi (born 1980), Ukrainian footballer
  • Larisa Netšeporuk (born 1970), heptathlete who represented Ukraine and Estonia
  • Pinhas Rutenberg (1879–1942), Russian socialist revolutionary and Zionist leader in Palestine, prominent engineer and businessman
  • Isaac Schwartz (1923–2009), Soviet composer
  • Grigory Sokolnikov (born Hirsch Brilliant; 1888–1939), Bolshevik revolutionary and Soviet politician
  • Joachim Stutschewsky (1891–1982), Ukraine-born Austrian and Israeli cellist, composer, and musicologist
  • Abram Ioffe (1880–1960), prominent Russian/Soviet physicist
  • Several of the founding members (1909-10) of Degania, the first kibbutz settlement in Palestine

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 11 July 2021.
  2. ^ E.M. Pospelov, Geograficheskie nazvaniya mira (Moscow, 1998), p. 355.
  3. ^ a b c (in Ukrainian) 100 years ago the first monument to Taras Shevchenko was built for the Hetmanate, Radio Svoboda (14 October 2018)
  4. ^ "World Meteorological Organization Climate Normals for 1981–2010". World Meteorological Organization. Archived from the original on 17 July 2021. Retrieved 17 July 2021.

External links[edit]