From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Romulea bulbocodium
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Iridaceae
Subfamily: Crocoideae
Tribe: Croceae
Genus: Romulea
Type species
Romulea bulbocodium
(L.) Sebastiani & Mauri
  • Bulbocodium Gronov. 1755 not L. 1753 nor Ludw. ex Kuntze 1891
  • Bulbocodium Ludw. ex Kuntze 1891 not L. 1753 nor Gronov. 1755
  • Ilmu Adans.
  • Spatalanthus Sweet
  • Trichonema Ker Gawl.
Romulea requienii

Romulea is a genus of flowering plants in the family Iridaceae, first described as a genus in 1772. It is found in Europe, the Mediterranean, the Arabian Peninsula, and Africa.[2][3][4]


Vegetative characteristics[edit]

Species of Romulea are perennial cormous herbs.[5]

Generative characteristics[edit]

The capsule fruits bear many brown, globose seeds.[5]


The genus name refers to the legendary founder of Rome, Romulus, and alludes to the abundance of one of the species in the Roman countryside.[3][5]



Romulea Maratti was published by Giovanni Francesco Maratti (1704-1777) in 1772. It is a conserved name.[6][7]

Accepted species[edit]



  1. ^ Maratti 1772.
  2. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ a b Manning, John; Goldblatt, Peter (2008). The Iris Family: Natural History & Classification. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press. pp. 91–93. ISBN 0-88192-897-6.
  4. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Romulea includes photos plus European distribution maps
  5. ^ a b c Romulea Maratti. (n.d.). Flora of North America. Retrieved March 18, 2024, from
  6. ^ Maratti, Giovanni Francesco | International Plant Names Index. (n.d.). Retrieved March 18, 2024, from
  7. ^ "Romulea Maratti". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 18 March 2024.