Romulus Linney (playwright)
|Born||Romulus Zachariah Linney IV
September 21, 1930
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Died||January 15, 2011
Germantown, New York, U.S.
|Occupation||Dramatist, librettist, playwright|
|Spouse(s)||Laura Callanan (1996–2011; his death)
Margaret Jane Andrews (1967–1994; divorced)
Ann Leggett Perse (1963–1966; divorced)
|Relatives||Romulus Zachariah Linney (great-grandfather)|
Life and career
Linney was raised in Boone, North Carolina and Madison, Tennessee. He earned a Bachelor of Arts degree from Oberlin College and a Master of Fine Arts degree from the Yale School of Drama. He authored three novels, four opera librettos, twenty short stories, and 85 plays which have been staged throughout the United States from South Coast Repertory in California to the Virginia Museum Theater (VMT) in Richmond, and in Europe and Asia. His plays include The Sorrows of Frederick, Holy Ghosts, Childe Byron, Heathen Valley, and an adaptation of Ernest L. Gaines's novel, A Lesson Before Dying, which has been produced in New York and in numerous regional theaters. Many of his plays were set in Appalachia (Tennessee, Holy Ghosts, Sand Mountain, Gint and Heathen Valley), while others focused on historical subjects (The Sorrows of Frederick, King Philip, 2: Goering at Nuremberg). His adaptations for the American stage of several modern foreign classics—plays and tales from Tolstoy, Chekhov, Ibsen and others—have been performed from New York to Minneapolis, and his melding of two novels by Henry Adams into the comedy Democracy was premiered by artistic director Keith Fowler at VMT. Linney's vivid biographical reconstructions of controversial personalities are remarkable for their power to retain a lifelike vigor—as in his treatment of Hermann Goering in 2: Goering at Nuremberg, and Lord Byron in Childe Byron.
In 2010 before his death, Linney completed a libretto for an opera based on his first play The Sorrows of Frederick commissioned by The Metropolitan Opera and Lincoln Center Theater. He also completed a full-length play about Alzheimer's disease, Over Martinis, Driving Somewhere, which received a workshop at New York Stage and Film in the summer of 2010.
Among Linney’s many awards were two Obie awards, one for sustained excellence in play writing; two National Critics Awards; three Drama-Logue Awards; and fellowships from the Guggenheim and Rockefeller foundations, the New York Foundation for the Arts and the National Endowment of the Arts. He was a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters, which conferred upon him its Award in Literature, Award of Merit and its highest award, the Gold Medal. He received an honorary doctorates from Oberlin in 1994, from Appalachian State University in 1995, and from Wake Forest University in 1998.
He was a member of the Ensemble Studio Theatre, the Fellowship of Southern Writers, National Theatre Conference, College of Fellows of the American Theatre, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Letters, and the Corporation of Yaddo. Linney had been chair of the MFA Playwriting program at Columbia University’s School of the Arts and Professor of Playwriting in the Actors Studio MFA Program at The New School in New York. He also taught over the years at Princeton, University of Pennsylvania, Connecticut College, and the Sewanee Writers Conference among others.
Linney was the founding playwright of Signature Theatre Company, which named a theater in his honor in the new Signature Center, which opened in 2012. On his birthday September 21, 2012, the University of North Carolina at its Appalachian State University campus in Boone, NC opened his archives for researchers and scholars.
Romulus Linney died on January 15, 2011, aged 80, from lung cancer at home in Germantown, NY.
The plays of Romulus Linney include:
- 2: Goering at Nuremberg
- Appalachia Sounding
- April Snow
- Ave Maria
- Can Can
- The Captivity of Pixie Shedman
- Childe Byron
- Choir Practice
- A Christmas Carol
- Clair de Lune
- The Death of King Philip
- Democracy and Esther
- El Hermano
- Gardens of Eden
- Gold and Silver Waltz
- Goodbye Oscar
- Goodbye, Howard
- Heathen Valley
- Holy Ghosts
- Just Folks
- Klonsky and Schwartz
- Laughing Stock
- A Lesson Before Dying
- Love Drunk
- The Love Suicide at Schofield Barracks
- Masterbuilder Johnson
- Mountain Memory
- Old Man Joseph and His Family
- Oscar Over Here
- Over Martinis, Driving Somewhere
- Precious Memories
- Sand Mountain
- Sand Mountain Matchmaking
- The Seasons, Man's Estate
- Songs ff Love
- The Sorrows of Frederick
- Southern Comfort
- Strindberg: Miss Julie and The Ghost Sonata
- Three Poets
- True Crimes
- Two Whores
- Unchanging Love
- Why the Lord Come to Sand Mountain
- A Woman Without a Name
- Yankee Doodle
- Bacalzo, Dan (January 15, 2011). "Playwright Romulus Linney Dies at 80". Theatermania. Retrieved January 17, 2011.
- Linney History page
- "Romulus Linney Biography (1930-)". filmreference.com. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
- "Romulus Linney, Prolific Writer of Erudite Plays, Dies at 80". Playbill. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
- Linney, Romulus, Democracy, Dramatists Play Service, Inc., NY, NY.
- Childe Byron provoked a controversial charge of attempted censorship following its 1977 premiere at VMT in Richmond, Virginia.
- Itzkoff, Dave (22 September 2011). "Signature Center Will Have Theater Named for Romulus Linney". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 September 2011.
- Obituary for Linney in The New York Times
- Linney, Romulus (2004). "Laura Linney", BOMB Magazine.
- "Romulus Linney". doollee.com. Retrieved 2 July 2015.