Ron Carlson (born 1947) is an American novelist and short story writer.
Carlson was born in Logan, Utah, and grew up in Salt Lake City. He received a master's degree in English from the University of Utah. He then taught at The Hotchkiss School in Connecticut, where he began his first novel. He became a professor of English at Arizona State University in 1985, teaching creative writing to undergraduates and graduates, and ultimately becoming director of its Creative Writing Program. Carlson currently teaches in the Programs in Writing at the University of California, Irvine.
His short stories originally appeared in The New Yorker, Harper's Magazine, Esquire, and GQ. In addition to his fiction, Carlson has also written for The New York Times Book Review and the Los Angeles Times Book Review.
He wrote of his first "good" story: "I did not understand my story; many times you don’t. It’s not your job to understand or evaluate or edit your work when you first emerge from it. Your duty is to be in love with it, and that defies explanation." (Ron Carlson Writes A Story) 
In August 2018, Carlson was named as one of a number of former teachers at the Hotchkiss School against whom credible evidence of having committed sexual assault on a minor student was found. The report to the board of Hotchkiss was prepared by the respected law firm of Locke Lord who conducted a wide-ranging investigation.
- Betrayed by F. Scott Fitzgerald (1977)
- Truants (1981)
- Five Skies. Viking. 2007. ISBN 978-0-670-03850-3.
- The Signal. Penguin Group. 2009. ISBN 978-0-670-02100-0.
- Return to Oakpine. Viking. 2013. ISBN 978-0-670-02507-7.
- News of the World (1987)
- Plan B for the Middle Class (1992; a New York Times Best Book that year)
- The Hotel Eden. Penguin Books. 1997. ISBN 978-0-14-027389-2. (an NYT Notable Book)
- At the Jim Bridger. Macmillan. 2002. ISBN 978-0-312-30724-0. (a Los Angeles Times 2002 best book)
- A Kind of Flying. W. W. Norton & Company. 2003. ISBN 978-0-393-32479-2.
- Ron Carlson Writes a Story (2007), subtitled: "From the first glimmer of an idea to the final sentence."
- Best American Short Stories
- Sudden Fiction
- Best of the West Epoch
- In Our Lovely Deseret: Mormon Fictions
- The North American Review
- The O'Henry Prize Series
- The Pushcart Prize Anthology
- Norton Anthology of Short Fiction.
- "On the U. S. S. Fortitude".
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-06-09. Retrieved 2010-01-14.
- "Search". Esquire.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-02-26. Retrieved 2010-01-14.
- "Preventing and Responding to Sexual Misconduct - The Hotchkiss School". www.hotchkiss.org.
- Pearce, Matt (August 28, 2018). "UC Irvine professor resigns after allegation of sexual misconduct with underage boarding-school student in the 1970s". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- Works by or about Ron Carlson in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- "Ron Carlson Abridged", Elephant Rock Productions
- The N, a short story, Narrative Magazine (Spring 2007).