Ron Guidry autographing a baseball at the Yogi Berra Museum and Learning Center on May 12, 2013
August 28, 1950 |
|July 27, 1975, for the New York Yankees|
|Last MLB appearance|
|September 27, 1988, for the New York Yankees|
|Earned run average||3.29|
|Career highlights and awards|
Ronald Ames Guidry (//; born August 28, 1950), nicknamed "Louisiana Lightning" and "Gator", is a former Major League Baseball (MLB) left-handed pitcher. He played his entire 14-year baseball career for the New York Yankees of the American League (AL), from 1975 through 1988. Guidry was also the pitching coach of the Yankees from 2006 to 2007.
Guidry won the AL Cy Young Award in 1978 as the best pitcher in the AL. He also won five Gold Glove Awards, given for superior fielding, and appeared in four All-Star games. Guidry served as captain of the Yankees from 1986 through 1988, while his uniform number has been retired by the Yankees.
Major league career
Guidry was born in Lafayette, Louisiana where he pitched for the University of Southwestern Louisiana (now University of Louisiana at Lafayette.) He began his career pitching briefly in the 1975 and 1976 seasons after 4 years in the minors. In 1977, he began as a relief pitcher but was moved into the starting rotation. He helped lead the New York Yankees to a World Series championship in 1977 and 1978. In those two years combined, Guidry went 4-0 in the postseason with 3 complete games in 5 starts, allowing only nine earned runs in 37 1⁄3 innings pitched.
In 1978, Guidry posted a career year, one of the best in the modern era. Against the California Angels on June 17, he struck out a Yankee-record 18 batters. Guidry's 18-strikeout performance is usually cited as the launching pad of the Yankee Stadium tradition of fans standing and clapping for a strikeout with two strikes on the opposing batter.
For the season, Guidry went 25-3, in a season that is among the top 10 for winning percentage in baseball history. He led the league with a sparkling 1.74 ERA, 25 wins, a .893 winning percentage, 9 shutouts, 248 strikeouts, and 6.15 hits allowed per 9 innings pitched. He held batters to a .193 batting average, .249 on-base percentage, and .279 slugging percentage. He was particularly effective with 2 outs and runners in scoring position (.152/.221/.253), and in the 9th inning of games (.119/.200/.136). Guidry's success during 1978 was due in large part to mastering the slider. He began throwing the pitch the year before, and was able to use the sharp-breaking slider to complement his great fastball throughout the season.
Guidry's 25th win of the regular season was his most significant, as he was the winning pitcher in the Yankees' 5-4 win over the Boston Red Sox in a one-game playoff at Fenway Park in Boston to decide the American League East division winner. The game is best known for Bucky Dent's seventh-inning, three-run home run off Mike Torrez (who, as a Yankee pitching mate of Guidry's just the year before, had recorded the final putout of the 1977 World Series) that gave the Yankees a 3-2 lead. In the second inning of that game, Guidry himself had given up a home run to Carl Yastrzemski—the only home run a left-hander would hit against him all season.
Coincidentally, in all three of Guidry's losses in 1978, the winning pitcher on the opposing team threw left-handed and had the first name "Mike." He lost 6-0 to the Milwaukee Brewers and left-hander Mike Caldwell on July 7, lost 2-1 to the Baltimore Orioles and left-hander Mike Flanagan on August 4, and lost 8-1 to the Toronto Blue Jays and left-hander Mike Willis on September 20.
After Yankee closer Goose Gossage broke his thumb in a clubhouse fight early in the 1979 season, Guidry volunteered to pitch in the bullpen as a part-time closer in addition to his regular turns in the rotation. Guidry posted two saves in two appearances, but his starting pitching suffered a bit as he was an ordinary 7-7 through July 21. He recovered to go 11-1 the rest of the way, including a nationally televised 5-4 complete game win over the Baltimore Orioles on August 6, four days after the death of Yankee catcher Thurman Munson and just hours after the team attended his funeral in Canton, Ohio.
Over the next seven seasons, Guidry amassed a 113-57 win-loss record. Guidry also won the Gold Glove Award five straight times (1982–86). He also played two games in center field but never made a play.
As well as winning the 1978 Cy Young Award, Guidry was named The Sporting News AL Pitcher and Major League Player of the Year. Guidry was named "Lefthanded Pitcher" on The Sporting News AL All-Star Teams in 1978, 1981, 1983 and 1985. Guidry also finished in the top 10 in the American League Cy Young voting six times (1977–79, 1981, 1983 and 1985) over a nine-year span.
On August 7, 1984, Guidry struck out three batters (Carlton Fisk, Tom Paciorek and Greg Luzinski) on nine pitches in the ninth inning of a 7-0 win over the Chicago White Sox. Guidry became the eighth American League pitcher and the 20th pitcher in Major League history to accomplish the so-called "immaculate inning." He was the first pitcher to do so in the 9th inning of a complete game, a feat which has since been matched only once.
Guidry served as co-captain of the Yankees along with Willie Randolph from March 4, 1986 until July 12, 1989.
Guidry was also noted for having a very good pickoff move.
|Ron Guidry's number 49 was retired by the New York Yankees in 2003.|
His number 49 was retired on "Ron Guidry Day", August 23, 2003. The Yankees also dedicated a plaque to hang in Monument Park at Yankee Stadium. The plaque calls Guidry "A dominating pitcher and a respected leader" and "A true Yankee." Each living Yankee previously so honored was on hand for the ceremony: Phil Rizzuto, Yogi Berra, Whitey Ford, Reggie Jackson and Don Mattingly.
Guidry joined Yankee's Manager Joe Torre's coaching staff as pitching coach in the 2006 season, replacing Mel Stottlemyre. Under Guidry's tenure, the Yankees' pitching staff enjoyed mixed results. The pitching staff's ERA decreased from 4.52 in 2005 to 4.41 in 2006 under his first year of coaching, though in 2007, the team ERA increased to 4.49 (or 17th overall in the Major leagues).
However, Guidry was criticized in 2007, because the highly acclaimed pitching staff was underachieving. The Yankees pitching staff in 2007 walked the sixth most batters overall in the Major Leagues; this was the most walks in a season for a Yankees pitching staff since the 2000 season. Torre's departure from the Yankees following the 2007 season ended Guidry's tenure as pitching coach. Though he was interested in returning to the Yankees for the 2008 season, he was not offered a position on new manager Joe Girardi's coaching staff. He did return to the Yankees as a spring training instructor.
Former New York Times writer Harvey Araton wrote a book called "Driving Mr. Yogi: Yogi Berra, Ron Guidry, and Baseball's Greatest Gift" that profiles the friendship Guidry has with Yankees' Hall of Fame catcher (and Guidry's former coach and manager) Yogi Berra. During Spring training, Guidry was assigned to drive Berra around.
- List of Major League Baseball annual ERA leaders
- List of Major League Baseball annual wins leaders
- List of Major League Baseball single-game strikeout leaders
- List of Major League Baseball pitchers who have struck out three batters on nine pitches
- List of Major League Baseball players who spent their entire career with one franchise
- Baseball Reference Statistics and History
- "Ron Guidry 1977 Game by Game Pitching Logs". Baseball-almanac.com. Retrieved 2012-06-18.
- Coffey, Wayne (1998-06-21). "When Lightning Struck Ron Guidry Reflects On His Brilliant Season Of 1978". New York Daily News. Retrieved 2012-06-18.
- "Ron Guidry Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2012-06-18.
- "Yankees Single Game Records | yankees.com: History". Newyork.yankees.mlb.com. Retrieved 2012-06-18.
- "Baseball's Best | MLB.com: Programming". Mlb.mlb.com. 1978-10-02. Retrieved 2012-06-18.
- New York Times
- "9 Pitches – 9 Strikes – 3 Outs / Immaculate Innings by Baseball Almanac". Baseball-almanac.com. Retrieved 2012-06-18.
- "Guidry's number retired". Chicago Tribune. 2003-08-24. Retrieved 2012-06-18.
- "Brian Cashman: New York Yankees GM Is Digging His Own Grave". Bleacher Report. 2011-04-15. Retrieved 2012-06-18.
- "The First 19 Games Under Torre A Clue To Yankees Pitching?". WasWatching.com. 2007-04-25. Retrieved 2012-06-18.
- Brescia, Joe (December 23, 2007). "Guidry Hopes He's Wearing Pinstripes in the Spring". The New York Times. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
- Joe Girardi meets with George Steinbrenner for first time as New York Yankees manager – International Herald Tribune
- Driving Mr. Yogi: Yogi Berra, Ron Guidry, and Baseball's Greatest Gift (9780547746722): Harvey Araton: Books. Amazon.com. ISBN 0547746725.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ron Guidry.|
- Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference (Minors), or Baseball Reference Bullpen, or Retrosheet, or Pelota Binaria (Venezuelan Winter League)
|New York Yankees pitching coach