Ronald Francis Perlman
April 13, 1950
(m. 1981; div. 2019)
|Children||2; including Delroy Edwards|
Ronald Francis Perlman (born April 13, 1950) is an American actor. His credits include the roles of Amoukar in Quest for Fire (1981), Salvatore in The Name of the Rose (1986), Vincent on the television series Beauty and the Beast (1987–1990), for which he won a Golden Globe Award, One in The City of Lost Children (1995), Johner in Alien Resurrection (1997), Hellboy in both Hellboy (2004) and its sequel Hellboy II: The Golden Army (2008), Clay Morrow on the television series Sons of Anarchy (2008–2013), Nino in Drive (2011). (2019), Wes Chandler in Start Up (2019-2021)
Perlman is also known as a collaborator of Hellboy director Guillermo del Toro, having roles in the del Toro films Cronos (1993), Blade II (2002) and Pacific Rim (2013). His voice-over work includes the narrator of the post-apocalyptic game series Fallout (1997–present), Clayface in the DC Animated Universe, Slade in Teen Titans (2003–2006), Lord Hood in the video games Halo 2 (2004) and Halo 3 (2007), the Stabbington brothers in Tangled (2010) and Rapunzel's Tangled Adventure (2017–2019), The Lich in Adventure Time (2011–2017), Xibalba in The Book of Life (2014) and Optimus Primal in both Transformers: Power of the Primes (2018) and the forthcoming Rise of the Beasts (2022).
Ronald Perlman was born in Washington Heights, New York. His mother, Dorothy (née Rosen; 1921–2018), was a municipal employee, and his father, Bertram "Bert" Perlman (1919–1969), was a jazz drummer and television repairman. His family is Jewish, originally from Hungary and Poland, and Perlman had a Bar Mitzvah ceremony.
Perlman said in 1988, "It was not a bad childhood but I had a perception of myself that was ... I was terribly overweight as a young kid, and it was sort of a low self image." He stated this experience is something that attracts him to roles where he portrays "these sorts of deformed people who are very endearing." Perlman had a "very close" relationship with his father, who convinced his son he "had to" pursue a career as an actor after seeing him perform in a college production of Guys and Dolls. He graduated from George Washington High School in 1967 and Lehman College in 1971. He later attended the University of Minnesota where he graduated with a master's degree in theater arts in 1973.
Film and television
Perlman started his career as a stage actor, appearing in various productions, and made his feature film debut in Jean-Jacques Annaud's film Quest for Fire (1981). Annaud later revealed that when he contacted Perlman to ask him about playing Salvatore in The Name of the Rose (1986), Perlman was thinking of abandoning his career. After various minor and supporting roles in films and television series, his breakthrough role came when he played Vincent on the television series Beauty and the Beast, opposite Linda Hamilton from 1987 to 1990. This earned him a Golden Globe Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Television Series in 1989.
He went on to play roles in many films and television series throughout the 1980s and 1990s as well as the 2000s. His most notable film appearances were in films such as The Name of the Rose (1986), Romeo is Bleeding (1993), The Adventures of Huck Finn (1993), Police Academy: Mission to Moscow (1994), The Last Supper (1995), The Island of Dr. Moreau (1996), Alien Resurrection (1997), Enemy at the Gates (2001), Blade II and Star Trek: Nemesis (both 2002) and two Stephen King adaptations, Sleepwalkers and Desperation. His appearances on television series include Highlander: The Series, The Outer Limits, The Magnificent Seven, and the Amazon series Hand of God.
He played his first leading film role in 1995, when he played "One" in Jean-Pierre Jeunet and Marc Caro's French-language The City of Lost Children. In 2003, Perlman starred in a commercial for Stella Artois beer. This commercial, which was called "Devil's Island", won a Silver Award at the 2003 British Advertising Awards. He got another leading film role in 2004 when he played the title role in the comic book adaptation Hellboy. Perlman reprised his role as Hellboy in the straight to DVD animated features Hellboy: Sword of Storms (2006) and Hellboy: Blood and Iron (2007) as well as Hellboy II: The Golden Army, released on July 11, 2008.
In 2008, Perlman joined the cast of the television series Sons of Anarchy on FX playing Clay Morrow, the national president of the Sons of Anarchy Motorcycle Club. He also played Wes Chandler in the second and third seasons of StartUp in 2017–18.
Perlman also has a successful career as a voice actor. He has portrayed characters in numerous video games and animated series, and done voice-over work for television commercials. These include Casper High English teacher and vice-principal Mr. Lancer in Danny Phantom, "Mickey Kaline" in Hey Arnold, The Lich in Adventure Time, Kurtis Stryker in Mortal Kombat: Defenders of the Realm, Justice in Afro Samurai and various characters in DC Comics based series such as the villainous Slade, a version of DC character Deathstroke in the Teen Titans animated series and again in Justice League: The Flashpoint Paradox, Clayface in Batman: The Animated Series and The New Batman Adventures, Jax-Ur in Superman: The Animated Series, Orion in Justice League and Justice League Unlimited (the former in which he reprised his role as Clayface as well as voice Orion), Sozin in Avatar: The Last Airbender, several villains (Killer Croc, Rumor and Bane) in The Batman, Doctor Double X in Batman: The Brave and the Bold, and Sinestro in Green Lantern: The Animated Series. In addition, he served as the narrator for 1000 Ways To Die.
His video game credits include Terrence Hood in the games Halo 2 and Halo 3, Jagger Valance in The Chronicles of Riddick: Escape from Butcher Bay, and Batman in Justice League Heroes. He is well known by Fallout fans for narrating the introductory movies in the series, including uttering the famous phrase "War. War never changes." He also voices "Slade" in the 2008 Turok game, and Emil Blonsky / Abomination in Incredible Hulk: Ultimate Destruction, Conan for the PS3 and Xbox 360, and voices the fast-talking Mayor Hoodoo Brown in the Neversoft game Gun. He also made an appearance in Payday 2 as "Rust", part of the "Biker Pack" DLC. In Call of Duty: Black Ops III (2016), Perlman offered his likeness and voice to one of the lead playable characters in the game's popular Zombies mode.
Perlman married his wife, Opal, a jewelry designer, on February 14, 1981. They separated in May 2019 and Perlman later filed for divorce. They have two children: daughter Blake Amanda Perlman (born 1984) and son Brandon Avery Perlman (born 1990). His son produces electronic music under the stage name Delroy Edwards.
Perlman has been a vocal critic of U.S. President Donald Trump. On June 25, 2018, Perlman said that he intentionally urinated on his hand prior to shaking Harvey Weinstein's hand followed by the message "I think about that every time lil donnie opens up his KFC."
|1981||Quest for Fire||Amoukar||Nominated—Genie Award for Best Performance by a Foreign Actor|
|1984||The Ice Pirates||Zeno|
|1986||The Name of the Rose||Salvatore|
|1993||Cronos||Angel de la Guardia|
|Romeo Is Bleeding||Jack's attorney|
|When the Bough Breaks||Dr. Douglas Eben|
|The Adventures of Huck Finn||Pap Finn|
|1994||Double Exposure||John McClure|
|Police Academy: Mission to Moscow||Konstantine Konali|
|1995||The City of Lost Children||One|
|The Last Supper||Norman Arbuthnot|
|1996||The Island of Dr. Moreau||Sayer of the Law|
|The Protector||Dr. Ramsey Krago|
|1998||I Woke Up Early the Day I Died||Cemetery Caretaker|
|Frogs for Snakes||Gascone|
|1999||Happy, Texas||Marshal Nalhober|
|2000||The King's Guard||Lord Morton|
|Price of Glory||Nick Everson|
|Bread and Roses||Himself||Uncredited cameo|
|Enemy at the Gates||Koulikov|
|2002||Blade II||Dieter Reinhardt|
|Crime and Punishment||Dusharo|
|Star Trek: Nemesis||Reman Viceroy|
|Shakedown||Christopher 'St. Joy' Bellows||Direct-to-DVD|
|2003||Boys on the Run||Captain|
|Rats||Dr. William Winslow|
|Hoodlum & Son||'Ugly' Jim McCrae|
|Two Soldiers||Colonel McKellog||Short film|
|Looney Tunes: Back in Action||Acme VP of Never Learning|
|2004||Comic Book: The Movie||Himself||Cameo|
|Quiet Kill||Detective Sergeant Perry|
|2005||The Second Front||General von Binding|
|Missing in America||Red|
|2006||Local Color||Curtis Sunday|
|How to Go Out on a Date in Queens||Vito|
|The Last Winter||Ed Pollack||Nominated—Gotham Independent Film Award for Best Ensemble Cast|
|Five Girls||Father Drake|
|2007||In the Name of the King: A Dungeon Siege Tale||Norick|
|2008||Uncross the Stars||Bobby Walden|
|Hellboy II: The Golden Army||Hellboy||Nominated—Scream Award for Best Fantasy Actor|
Nominated—Scream Award for Best Superhero
|Mutant Chronicles||Brother Samuel|
|2009||The Devil's Tomb||Wesley|
|Dark Country||Deputy Thompson||Direct-to-DVD|
|I Sell The Dead||Father Duffy|
|2010||Killer by Nature||Dr. Julian|
|Acts of Violence||Priest Bill|
|Season of the Witch||Felson|
|2011||Conan the Barbarian||Corin|
|Elwood||Louie the Jaw||Short film; also executive producer|
|2012||The Scorpion King 3: Battle for Redemption||Horus||Direct-to-DVD|
|Bad Ass||Mayor Williams|
|The Punisher: Dirty Laundry||Big Mike||Short film|
|3,2,1... Frankie Go Boom||Phil|
|2013||Pacific Rim||Hannibal Chau|
|2014||The Virginian||Judge Henry||Direct-to-DVD|
|Tbilisi, I Love You||American motorcyclist|
|Before I Disappear||Bill|
|Kid Cannabis||Barry Lerner|
|Skin Trade||Viktor Dragovic||Direct-to-DVD|
|Bone in the Throat||N/A||Executive producer|
|All I See Is You||N/A||Executive producer|
|Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them||Gnarlack (motion capture)|
|2017||All Nighter||N/A||Executive producer|
|Sergio and Sergei||Peter||Also executive producer|
|Pottersville||Sheriff Jack||Also producer|
|The Escape of Prisoner 614||The Sheriff||Also executive producer|
|2019||The Great War||General Pershing|
|Run with the Hunted||Birdie||Also executive producer|
|Hell on the Border||Charlie Storm|
|The Big Ugly||Preston||Also executive producer|
|2021||The Last Victim||Sheriff Hickey|
|Boris Karloff: The Man Behind the Monster||Himself||Documentary|
|Don't Look Up||Colonel Ben Drask||Post-production|
|1979||Ryan's Hope||Dr. Bernie Marx||2 episodes|
|1985||The Fall Guy||Thug||Episode: "Split Image"|
|1985||Our Family Honor||Bausch||Episode: "Pilot", "Split Image"|
|1985||MacGruder and Loud||Attorney||Episode: "The Very Scary Man"|
|1986||The Insiders||Episode: "Den of Thieves"|
|1986||Miami Vice||John Ruger||Episode: "Walk-Alone"|
|1987–1990||Beauty and the Beast||Vincent||55 episodes|
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Television Series Drama (1989)
Q Award for Best Actor in a Quality Drama Series (1988–1989)
Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series (1988–1989)
Nominated—Q Award for Best Actor in a Quality Drama Series (1990)
|1988||A Stoning in Fulham County||Jacob Shuler||Television film|
|1992||Blind Man's Bluff||Frank Cerrillo||Television film|
|1993||The Untouchables||Snake||Episode: "Railroaded"|
|1993||Arly Hanks||Jim-Bob Buchanan||Television film|
|1994||The Cisco Kid||Lt. Colonel Delacroix||Television film|
|1995||Original Sins||Chas Bradley||Television film|
|1995||Mr. Stitch||Doctor Frederick Texarian||Television film|
|1995||The Adventures of Captain Zoom in Outer Space||Lord Vox of Vestron||Television film|
|1996||Highlander: The Series||The Messenger||Episode: "The Messenger"|
|1997||Tracey Takes On...||Stuart||Episode: "Secrets"|
|1997||Perversions of Science||40132||Episode: "The Exile"|
|1997||The Second Civil War||Alan Manieski||Television film|
|1998–2000||The Magnificent Seven||Josiah Sanchez||22 episodes|
|1998||The Outer Limits||Lt. Colonel Brandon Grace||Episode: "Black Box"|
|1998||A Town Has Turned to Dust||Jerry Paul||Television film|
|1998||Houdini||Booking Agent||Television film|
|1999||Family Law||Roy||Episode: "The List"|
|1999||Supreme Sanction||The Director||Television film|
|1999||Primal Force||Frank Brodie||Television film|
|2000||Operation Sandman||Dr. Harlan Jessup||Television film|
|2000||The Trial of Old Drum||Charles Burden Sr.||Television film|
|2001||Charmed||Mr Kelleman||Episode: "Wrestling with Demons"|
|2001||The Tick||Fiery Blaze||Episode: "Couples"|
|2006||Masters of Horror||Dwayne Burcell||Episode: "Pro-Life"|
|2006||Desperation||Collie Entragian||Television film|
|2008–2013||Sons of Anarchy||Clay Morrow||75 episodes|
|2014–2017||Hand of God||Judge Pernell Harris||20 episodes; also executive producer|
|2015||The Blacklist||Luther Braxton||2 episodes|
|2017–2018||StartUp||Wes Chandler||20 episodes|
|2019||Splitting Up Together||Brock||Episode: "Welcome Home"|
|2019||The Capture||Frank Napier||6 episodes|
|2019||Reprisal||Big Graham||3 episodes|
|2020||Reno 911!||DUI detainee||Episode: "The Return of Diablo"|
|1995||Crying Freeman||Detective Netah||Uncredited|
|1998||An American Tail: The Treasure of Manhattan Island||Mr. Grasping||Direct-to-DVD|
|2000||Titan A.E.||Sam Tucker|
|2002||L'Chayim, Comrade Stalin!||Narrator||Documentary|
|2005||Scooby-Doo! in Where's My Mummy?||Hotep||Direct-to-DVD|
|2006||Scooby-Doo! Pirates Ahoy!||Captain Skunkbeard/Biff Wellington||Direct-to-DVD|
|Hellboy: Sword of Storms||Hellboy||Direct-to-DVD|
|2007||Hellboy: Blood and Iron||Hellboy||Direct-to-DVD|
|Battle for Terra||Elder Vorin|
|2008||The Spiderwick Chronicles||Redcap||Uncredited|
|Spirit of the Forest||Oak|
|2010||Tangled||The Stabbington Brothers|
|The Legend of Secret Pass||Parker|
|2011||The Littlest Angel||God||Direct-to-DVD|
|2012||The Savoy King: Chick Webb & the Music That Changed America||Gene Krupa||Documentary|
|2013||Justice League: The Flashpoint Paradox||Slade Wilson/Deathstroke||Direct-to-DVD|
|Percy Jackson: Sea of Monsters||Polyphemus|
|2014||The Book of Life||Xibalba|
|2016||Howard Lovecraft and the Frozen Kingdom||Shoggoth||Direct-to-DVD|
|2017||Howard Lovecraft and the Undersea Kingdom||Shoggoth||Direct-to-DVD|
|2018||The Steam Engines of Oz||Magnus||Direct-to-DVD|
|Transformers: Rise of the Beasts||Optimus Primal||Filming|
|1992–1993||Batman: The Animated Series||Matt Hagen/Clayface||4 episodes|
|1993–1994||Bonkers||Sergeant Francis Q. Grating||17 episodes|
|1993||Animaniacs||Satan / Sgt. Sweete||2 episodes|
|1994||Aladdin||Arbutus / General Gouda||3 episodes|
|1994||Mighty Max||Goar||Episode: "Tar Wars"|
|1994||The Little Mermaid||Apollo||Episode: "Heroes"|
|1994–1995||Phantom 2040||Graft||22 episodes|
|1995||Tiny Toon Adventures||Mr. Scratch||Episode: "Night Ghoulery"|
|1995||Fantastic Four||Wizard / Dr. Bruce Banner/The Hulk||2 episodes|
|1996||Iron Man||Dr. Bruce Banner/The Hulk||Episode: "Hulk Buster"|
|1996||Wing Commander Academy||Daimon Karnes||2 episodes|
|1996||Duckman||Roland Thompson||Episode: "They Craved Duckman's Brain!"|
|1996||Mortal Kombat: Defenders of the Realm||Kurtis Stryker / Scorpion||13 episodes|
|1996, 1998||Hey Arnold!||Mickey Kaline||2 episodes|
|1997–1999||Superman: The Animated Series||Jax-Ur||3 episodes|
|1997–1998||The New Batman Adventures||Clayface||2 episodes|
|1998||Godzilla||Leviathan Alien / Ship Captain||Episode: "Leviathan"|
|1999||Men in Black: The Series||Drekk / Javkor||Episode: "The Puppy Love Syndrome"|
|2000||The Wild Thornberrys||Wild Horse||Episode: "Horse Sense"|
|2000||Jackie Chan Adventures||Karl||Episode: "Shell Game"|
|2000||Buzz Lightyear of Star Command||Leader||Episode: "Haunted Moon"|
|2001||The Legend of Tarzan||Colonel Nikolas Rokoff||Episode: "Tarzan and the Lost Treasure"|
|2003||Static Shock||Dr. Koening/Heavyman||Episode: "The Parent Trap"|
|2003||Justice League||Clayface / Orion||4 episodes|
|2003–2006||Teen Titans||Slade||17 episodes|
|2004–2007||Danny Phantom||Vice Principal Lancer||23 episodes|
|2005||What's New, Scooby-Doo?||Russian Inspector / Joe / Frozen Fiend||Episode: "Diamonds Are a Ghouls Best Friend"|
|2005–2008||The Batman||Killer Croc / Bane / Rumor||4 episodes|
|2006||Justice League Unlimited||Orion||Episode: "Flash and Substance"|
|2007||Afro Samurai||Justice||English dub|
|2007||Kim Possible||Warhawk||2 episodes|
|2007||Avatar: The Last Airbender||Firelord Sozin||Episode: "The Avatar and the Firelord"|
|2008–2010||Chowder||Arbor / Man||3 episodes|
|2009||Star Wars: The Clone Wars||Gha Nachkt||2 episodes|
|2009||Robot Chicken||Tony Stark / Handyballs||Episode: "Tell My Mom"|
|2009–2012||1000 Ways to Die||Narrator||45 episodes|
|2010, 2014||Archer||Ramon Limon||2 episodes|
|2010||Batman: The Brave and the Bold||Doctor Double X||Episode: "A Bat Divided"|
|American Dad!||Monster Hunter / Colonel / Fang / Bandit||4 episodes|
|2011–2017||Adventure Time||The Lich||10 episodes|
|2012||DC Nation Shorts||Slade / Alfred Pennyworth||3 episodes|
|2013||Green Lantern: The Animated Series||Sinestro||Episode: "Prisoner of Sinestro"|
|2015–2016||Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles||Armaggon||3 episodes|
|2016||Turbo FAST||Darryl||Episode: "Keep on Truckin'"|
|2016||Future-Worm! ||Additional Voices||1 Episode only|
|2016–2017||Trollhunters: Tales of Arcadia||Bular||12 episodes|
|2017, 2019||Tangled: The Series||The Stabbington Brothers||3 episodes|
|2018–2019||Final Space||John Goodspeed||6 episodes|
|2018||Transformers: Power of the Primes||Optimus Primal||7 episodes|
|2021||Adventure Time: Distant Lands||The Lich||Episode: "Together Again"|
|1975||A Country Scandal||Vengerovich||Knickerbocker Theatre|
|1975–1976||Measure for Measure||Lucio||Knickerbocker Theatre|
|1976–1977||The Architect and the Emperor of Assyria||The Emperor||National & European tours|
|1977||Sunset||D.J. Rollins||Studio Arena Theater|
|1979–1980||Teibele and Her Demon||Beadle Treitel||Brooks Atkinson Theatre|
|1984||La Tragedie de Carmen||Lillas Pastia||Lincoln Center|
|1990||Self Storage||Cliff||Odyssey Theatre|
|1990–1991||A Few Good Men||Lt. Colonel Nathan Jessep||Music Box Theatre|
|1991||Love Letters||Andrew||Canon Theatre|
|1996||Bus Stop||Dr. Gerald Lyman||Circle in the Square Theatre|
|2014||Easy Street (the Hard Way): A Memoir|
- "Ron Perlman Film Reference biography". Filmreference.com. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
- "Alumni of Notable Achievement: College of Liberal Arts: University of Minnesota". University of Minnesota. Archived from the original on January 16, 2011. Retrieved January 30, 2011.
- Perlman, Ron (September 30, 2014). Easy Street (the Hard Way). ISBN 9780306823459 – via google.ca.
- Perlman, Ron (September 30, 2014). Easy Street (The Hard Way): A Memoir. ISBN 9780306823459.
- Taylor, Drew. "Movies | Movie Times | Tickets Online | MoviesTrailers – Moviefone.com". Screened.com. Archived from the original on February 1, 2012. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
- Gary Collins (1988). "Hour Magazine – on Ron Perlman's success on the series Beauty & The Beast". YouTube.
- Larry Fessenden (2008). "Ron Perlman on Becoming an Actor". Glass Eye Pix.
- Perlman, Ron (2015). Easy Street (the hard Way): A Memoir. Da Capo Press. pp. 29, 67. ISBN 978-0306824180.
- Golden Globe Awards official website Archived 2007-08-07 at the Wayback Machine, last accessed October 22, 2007.
- Johns, Nikara (March 28, 2014). "Dana Delany to Star in Amazon Pilot 'Hand of God'". Variety. Los Angeles, California: Penske Business Media, LLC. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
- "Stella Artois beer commercial entitled Devil's Island". YouTube. 2008.
- "British Advertising Awards – Silver Honours 2003". 2003. Archived from the original on September 29, 2006.
- "Ron Perlman stars in a British Advertising Award winning Stella Artois beer commercial". 2003.[dead link]
- "2018 Dodge Challenger SRT Demon TV Commercial, 'The Truth'". iSpot.tv. Retrieved April 15, 2017.
- Sykes, Tom (June 13, 2016). "Ron Perlman stars in Payday 2's Biker Packs DLC, out this week". PC Gamer. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved December 30, 2017.
- Okoh, Joseph. "How long has Hellboy actor Ron Perlman been working with the UFC?". www.sportskeeda.com. Retrieved September 26, 2021.
- Fernandez, Alexia (November 5, 2019). "Ron Perlman Files for Divorce from Wife of 38 Years, 5 Months After He Was Seen Kissing Costar". People. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
- "Brandon Avery Perlman at California Birth Index". California Birth Index. Retrieved May 27, 2021.
- "Interviewly". April 7, 2014. Archived from the original on December 3, 2016. Retrieved December 3, 2016.
- Ron Perlman [@perlmutations] (November 11, 2016). "I am a lifelong Democrat. Because I believe that when Government is at its best, it is meant to help the average Joe!" (Tweet). Retrieved August 14, 2017 – via Twitter.
- Moran, Lee (July 3, 2020). "Ron Perlman Names 'Sick And Twisted' Part Of Trump Presidency That Blows His Mind". HuffPost. Retrieved August 20, 2021.
- Sharf, Zack (June 26, 2018). "Donald Trump Jr. Suggests Ron Perlman Knew About Harvey Weinstein's Sexual Abuse, Calls Him a 'Coward' For Being Silent". IndieWire. Retrieved August 20, 2021.
- Brill, Karen (November 9, 2016). "Ron Perlman Announces Intention to Run for President in 2020, Seemingly Beats You to Being Able to Laugh About Any of This". Vulture. Retrieved February 19, 2017.
- Folley, Aris (January 24, 2019). "Ron Perlman Says Kamala Harris Already Has His Vote For 2020". The Hill.
- "Harry Potter Spinoff 'Fantastic Beasts' Casts Ron Perlman (Exclusive)".
- Squires, John (January 25, 2021). "Documentary 'Boris Karloff: The Man Behind The Monster' Releasing This Halloween Season". Bloody Disgusting. Retrieved January 26, 2021.
- Hayner, Chris E. (November 19, 2014). "Ron Perlman cast as a 'Blacklist' villain: Why not a romantic comedy?". Zap2It. Archived from the original on January 8, 2016. Retrieved November 25, 2018.
- "Ron Perlman (visual voices guide)". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved April 28, 2021. A green check mark indicates that a role has been confirmed using a screenshot (or collage of screenshots) of a title's list of voice actors and their respective characters found in its opening and/or closing credits and/or other reliable sources of information.CS1 maint: postscript (link)
- "Fallout 4". November 10, 2015 – via IMDb.
- "Review: 'Easy Street (The Hard Way),' a memoir by actor Ron Perlman". Washington Post. October 3, 2014.
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