|14th White House Press Secretary|
January 20, 1969 – August 9, 1974
|Preceded by||George Christian|
|Succeeded by||Jerald terHorst|
|Born||Ronald Louis Ziegler
May 12, 1939
|Died||February 10, 2003
|Spouse(s)||Nancy Plessinger (m. 1961–2003), his death|
|Education||University of Southern California (B.A.)|
- 1 Early life
- 2 White House appointments from 1969
- 3 Post-Watergate
- 4 See also
- 5 Notes
- 6 External links
He attended Concordia Lutheran School and graduated the 8th grade in 1953. He graduated from Dixie Heights High School in Fort Mitchell, Kentucky. Ziegler first attended Xavier University in Cincinnati. He transferred to the University of Southern California in 1958 and graduated in 1961 with a degree in government and politics. While at USC, he was initiated into the Sigma Chi fraternity. He met future Watergate scandal participants Dwight Chapin, Donald Segretti and Herbert Porter at USC.
He worked at Disneyland as a skipper on the popular Adventureland attraction, The Jungle Cruise. He later worked as a press aide on Nixon's unsuccessful California gubernatorial campaign in 1962.
White House appointments from 1969
In 1969, when he was just 29, Ziegler became the youngest White House Press Secretary in history. He was also the first Press Secretary to use the White House Press Briefing Room when it was completed in 1970. Historically, White House Press Secretaries were recruited from the ranks of individuals with substantial journalistic experience; among these were Stephen Early and Pierre Salinger, raising the question of whether Ziegler was hired less for a reputation of substantial journalistic achievement than for perceived loyalty to what became an inner circle in the White House.
Press Secretary during Watergate
He was the White House press secretary for the Nixon administration during the political scandal known as Watergate. In 1972, he dismissed the first report of the break-in at the Watergate Hotel as the discussion of a "third rate burglary", and repeatedly dismissed the reports of Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein in The Washington Post, but within two years Nixon had resigned under threat of impeachment. Ziegler, for his part, had to issue an apology to The Washington Post for having earlier been so dismissive.
Some of Ziegler's public statements from this period reflect an ostensible commitment to democratic civics which in hindsight was not borne out by the facts. For example, in 1970 CIA security adviser Dan Mitrione, whose later reputation as the promoter of torture techniques became substantiated, was assassinated in Uruguay. It fell to Ziegler to give to reporters a eulogy which in hindsight seemed generously optimistic.
During a Veterans of Foreign Wars convention on August 20, 1973, Nixon was photographed angrily pushing Ziegler towards a crowd of reporters. The president was incensed that Ziegler was not doing enough to keep members of the press away as Nixon entered the convention hall.
Special Assistant to the President
Strong personal identification with Nixon
Particularly in the period following the resignations of such senior administration officials as Bob Haldeman and John Ehrlichman, Ziegler became one of Nixon's closest aides and confidants, defending the President until the bitter end, urging Nixon not to resign, but rather fight impeachment in the Senate.
During the unfolding political scandal, Ziegler himself appeared at least 33 times before Congress.
Continuing closeness to Nixon
Unlike many other former aides after President Nixon's resignation in 1974, Ziegler remained very close to him.
Joins Nixon in California, after resignation
On November 12, 1999, Ziegler was due to participate by telephone in a television panel discussion that included several former Nixon and Ford aides, including his successor as White House Press Secretary, Jerald terHorst, who resigned in protest at President Ford's pardon of Nixon. However, Ziegler's feed failed to hook up for the session, which went on without him. [See: Jerald terHorst#Reflections .]
Truck stop and chain drug store advocacy
In 1988, Ziegler became president and chief executive of the National Association of Chain Drug Stores, living in Alexandria, Virginia. He was previously known as President of the National Association of Truck Stop Operators. He was described by leading truck stop advocate William Fay as "a significant factor in expanding the travel plaza and truckstop industry's presence in the nation's capital." Hay further credited Ziegler as having achieved "great strides in membership recruitment and expansion of member services." 
In popular culture
Ziegler appears in the 1976 film All the President's Men as himself in archival news footage.
- "Ronald L. Ziegler". Richard M. Nixon Presidential Library. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
- Tina Kelley (February 11, 2003). "Ron Ziegler, Press Secretary to Nixon, Is Dead at 63". New York Times. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
- "Ron Ziegler, Press Secretary to Nixon, Is Dead at 63". New York Times. February 11, 2003. Retrieved April 17, 2012.
- Ron Ziegler
- Norman, Bob (August 11, 2005). "Forever Missing Part 2". Miami New Times. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
- "Ron Ziegler Recalls Pushing Incident". Nashua Telegraph (Nashua, N.H.). United Press International. April 6, 1978. p. 40. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
- Former NACDS President & CEO Ronald L. Ziegler Dies
- Ron Ziegler's Obituary with summary of his years with Nixon
- Ron Ziegler, former Nixon press secretary, dies in Coronado
- Washington Post editorial, June 21, 1972, published soon after the burglary.
- Watergate 'Spin Doctor' Dies, BBC News.
|White House Press Secretary