|Born||15 July 1910|
Derby, Derbyshire, England
|Died||6 September 1979 (aged 69)|
Ringwood, Hampshire, England
Ronald Binge (15 July 1910 – 6 September 1979) was a British composer and arranger of light music. He arranged many of Mantovani's most famous pieces before composing his own music, which included Elizabethan Serenade and "Sailing By".
|You may hear Ronald Binge's Elizabethan Serenade as performed by Annunzio Mantovani and the Mantovani Orchestra in 1971 Here on archive.org|
Binge was born in a working-class neighbourhood in Derby, Derbyshire, in the English Midlands. In his childhood he was a chorister at Saint Andrews Church (Church of England), London Road, Derby – 'the railwaymen's church' (demolished 1970). Binge was educated at the Derby School of Music, where he studied the organ. Early in his career he was a cinema organist, and later worked in summer orchestras in British seaside resorts (including Blackpool and Great Yarmouth), for which he learned to play the piano accordion. Binge's skill as a cinema organist was put to good use, and he played the organ in Mantovani's first band, the Tipica Orchestra. During the Second World War, he served in the Royal Air Force, during which time he was much in demand organising in-camp entertainment.
After the war, Mantovani offered Binge the job of arranging and composing for his new orchestra. With Mantovani, Binge also orchestrated Noël Coward's musicals Pacific 1860 (1946) and Ace of Clubs (1950). In 1951, his arrangement of "Charmaine" gave him and Mantovani worldwide success and recognition. However, he tired of writing arrangements, and turned to composing original works and film scores. Mantovani's orchestra began playing his light orchestral pieces for radio broadcast, and in 1952 Binge devised and conducted his own BBC radio programme called String Song, playing many of his own compositions. He regularly composed for production and library music publishers, and a number of his works were used for radio and television signature tunes.
Binge married Vera Simmons in 1945. During the 1950s they lived at 18, Smitham Bottom Lane in Purley, Croydon. He died in Ringwood, Hampshire, of liver cancer in 1979, aged 69, survived by his wife, son and daughter.
In early 2013, Derby City Council and Derby Civic Society announced they would put a blue plaque on one of his two early homes in Derby (83 Darby Street, Normanton, or 29 Wiltshire Road, Chaddesden).
Binge was interested in the technicalities of composition and was most famous as the inventor of the "cascading strings" effect that is the signature sound of the Mantovani orchestra, much used in their arrangements of popular music. First heard on the hit Charmaine (1951) it was originally created to capture the essence of the echo properties of a building such as a cathedral, although it later became particularly associated with easy-listening music.
Binge's catalogue includes hundreds of works, most of them light orchestral. His first big compositional success was the orchestral overture Spitfire, composed in Blackpool while he was still on RAF service, which predated William Walton's orchestral tribute by a year. Best known today is probably Elizabethan Serenade (1951), which was used by the British Broadcasting Corporation as the theme for the popular 1950s series, "Music Tapestry", and as the play-out for the British Forces Network radio station, and for which in 1957 he won an Ivor Novello Award. It was later turned into a vocal version called "Where the Gentle Avon Flows", with lyrics by the poet Christopher Hassall. A reggae version of the tune, "Elizabethan Reggae", was performed by Boris Gardiner in 1970.
Binge is also known for "Sailing By" (1963), which introduces the late-night Shipping Forecast on BBC Radio 4. Other well-known pieces include Miss Melanie (used as the theme for the CBS Network's radio comedy The Couple Next Door from 1957 to 1960), Like Old Times, The Watermill (1958) for oboe and strings, and his Concerto for Alto Saxophone in E-flat major (1956). His largest, longest, and most ambitious work is the four-movement Symphony in C ("Saturday Symphony"), which was written during his retirement between 1966 and 1968, and performed in Britain and Germany. It was recorded by the South German Radio Orchestra, conducted by the composer.
Less well known is a 1948 piano piece known as "Vice Versa", a musical palindrome which was not only a front-to-back palindrome, but also exploited the two staves used for writing for piano. The music reads the same whichever way it is turned. He later extended this theme, composing a piece known as "Upside/Downside" for his son, who was learning to play the recorder at Downside School. This musical palindrome was for piano, recorder and cello and again was universally reversible – two players could play from the same sheet of music reading from opposite ends.
- Spitfire (1940)
- Madrugado (1945)
- Trade Winds (1946)
- The Red Sombrero (1947)
- Vice Versa, for piano (1948)
- Scherzo: Allegro molto (1951)
- Elizabethan Serenade (1952)
- High Stepper (The 'Aggie' Theme) (1952)
- Prelude: The Whispering Valley (1952)
- Impressions of London, suite (1953)
- Scottish Rhapsody (1953)
- Cornet Carillon (for brass band) (1954)
- String Song (1955)
- The Watermill (1955)
- Cockles and Mussels (1956)
- The Dance of the Snowflakes (1956)
- Saxophone Concerto (1956)
- Miss Melanie (1956)
- Faire Frou-Frou (1957)
- Man in a Hurry (1957)
- Las Castañuelas (1960)
- Thames Rhapsody (1960)
- Venetian Carnival (1960)
- "Sailing By" (1963)
- Saturday Symphony (1966–1968)
- Festival Te Deum (1970)
- Dual for Conductors, for brass band and orchestra (1976)
- Colin Larkin, ed. (2002). The Virgin Encyclopedia of Fifties Music (Third ed.). Virgin Books. p. 42. ISBN 1-85227-937-0.
- Carey, Mike. "Ronald Binge". Robert Farnon Society. Archived from the original on 26 December 2005. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
- Ades, David. 'Binge, Ronald', in Grove Music Online (2001)
- Tomlinson, Ernest. 'Ronald Binge', in The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2004)
- Carey, Mike. Sailing By, the Ronald Binge Story (2000)
- Norris, Gerald. A Musical Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1981), p. 96
- Derby Civic Society
- Scowcroft, Philip. L. British Light Music (1997), pp. 28–29
- Mackenzie, Colin. Mantovani: A Lifetime in Music (2005), pp. 126–7
- Ronald Binge Music Catalogue, Ronaldbinge.com
- Saylor, Eric. The Sea in British Musical Imagination (2015), p. 4
- Saturday Symphony, YouTube