|Born||8 June 1893
Mandalay, British Burma
|Died||23 February 1969 (aged 75)
Aldershot, Hampshire, England
|Years of service||1914–1947|
|Commands held||70th Infantry Division
|Battles/wars||World War I
World War II
Greek Civil War
|Awards||Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Companion of the Order of the Bath
Lieutenant General Sir Ronald MacKenzie Scobie KBE, CB, MC (8 June 1893 – 23 February 1969) was a senior British Army officer who fought in both World War I and World War II, where he commanded the 70th Infantry Division and later III Corps.
Early life and military career
Educated at Cheltenham College and the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, Scobie played rugby for Scotland in 1914. He was commissioned into the Royal Engineers in 1914 and served during World War I in France and Belgium 1914–1918; General Staff Officer Grade 3, France 1918; Bde Maj, France 1918–1920.
Between the wars
After the war he became Officer, Company of Gentlemen Cadets, Royal Marine Artillery, Woolwich 1920–1924; Staff Capt, Aldershot Command 1927–1929; Bde Maj, Aldershot Command 1929–1931 After attending the Staff College, Camberley from 1925 to 1926, he became Director of Military Artillery at the Royal Military College, Duntroon in 1932 and, after attending the Imperial Defence College, was Assistant Adjutant General at the War Office in 1938.
World War II
In 1939, at the start of World War II Scobie, a brigadier, was Deputy Director of Mobilisation at the War Office. After this he held the position Deputy Adjutant General at General Headquarters, Middle East Land Forces in 1940 before being given command of the 70th Infantry Division, which was sent into to relieve the Australian 9th Division in Tobruk. Scobie was in command of the Tobruk fortress from 22 October 1941 to 13 December 1941, when, as part of Operation Crusader, the 70th Infantry Division led the break-out from Tobruk. In 1942 he became General Officer Commanding the Troops in Malta and on 22 March 1943 Scobie was promoted to lieutenant general and made Chief of the General Staff at General Headquarters Middle East. From 11 December 1943 he was given command of III Corps which was sent to Greece to expel the Germans but ended up becoming involved in the Greek Civil War. He remained in command of British forces in Greece until 1946, retiring from the army in 1947.
- Mead, Richard (2007). Churchill's Lions: a biographical guide to the key British generals of World War II. Stroud (UK): Spellmount. ISBN 978-1-86227-431-0.
- Smart, Nick (2005). Biographical Dictionary of British Generals of the Second World War. Barnesley: Pen & Sword. ISBN 1844150496.
- Media related to Ronald Scobie at Wikimedia Commons
- WWII Peoples War: Force 140
- British Army Officers 1939−1945
|GOC 70th Infantry Division
|GOC III Corps