Sir Ronald Scobie
|Born||8 June 1893|
Mandalay, British Burma
|Died||23 February 1969 (aged 75)|
Aldershot, Hampshire, England
|Years of service||1914–1947|
|Commands held||III Corps|
70th Infantry Division
|Battles/wars||First World War|
Second World War
Greek Civil War
|Awards||Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire|
Companion of the Order of the Bath
Mentioned in Despatches (4)
War Cross (Czechoslovakia)
Silver Cross of the Virtuti Militari (Poland)
Lieutenant General Sir Ronald MacKenzie Scobie, KBE, CB, MC (8 June 1893 – 23 February 1969) was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the First and Second World Wars, where he commanded the 70th Infantry Division and later III Corps.
Early life and military career
Educated at Cheltenham College and the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, Scobie played rugby for Scotland in 1914. He was commissioned into the Royal Engineers in 1914 and served during the First World War on the Western Front in France and Belgium. He was a General Staff Officer Grade 3 in France in 1918, and a Brigade Major in France from 1918 to 1920.
Between the wars
After the war, Scobie became Officer, Company of Gentlemen Cadets, Royal Marine Artillery, Woolwich 1920–1924; Staff Captain, Aldershot Command 1927–1929; Brigade Major, Aldershot Command 1929–1931 After attending the Staff College, Camberley from 1925 to 1926, he became Director of Military Artillery at the Royal Military College, Duntroon in 1932 and, after attending the Imperial Defence College, was Assistant Adjutant General at the War Office in 1938.
Second World War
In 1939, at the outbreak of the Second World War Scobie, a brigadier, was Deputy Director of Mobilisation at the War Office. After this he held the position Deputy Adjutant General at General Headquarters, Middle East Land Forces in 1940 before being given command of the 70th Infantry Division, which was sent in to relieve the Australian 9th Division in Tobruk. Scobie was in command of the Tobruk fortress from 22 October 1941 to 13 December 1941, when, as part of Operation Crusader, the 70th Infantry Division led the break-out from Tobruk. In 1942 he became General Officer Commanding the Troops in Malta and on 22 March 1943 Scobie was promoted to lieutenant general and made Chief of the General Staff at General Headquarters Middle East. From 11 December 1943 he was given command of III Corps which was sent to Greece to expel the Germans but ended up becoming involved in the Greek Civil War. He remained in command of British forces in Greece until 1946, retiring from the army in 1947.
- Mead, Richard (2007). Churchill's Lions: a biographical guide to the key British generals of World War II. Stroud (UK): Spellmount. ISBN 978-1-86227-431-0.
- Smart, Nick (2005). Biographical Dictionary of British Generals of the Second World War. Barnesley: Pen & Sword. ISBN 1844150496.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ronald Scobie.|
|New command|| GOC 70th Infantry Division
| GOC III Corps