Ronan Bennett (born 14 January 1956) is a Northern Irish novelist and screenwriter.
Bennett, the son of William H. and Geraldine Bennett, was born in England, but was raised in Newtownabbey, Northern Ireland, in a devout Roman Catholic family. He attended St Mary's Christian Brothers' Grammar School, Belfast, on the Lower Falls Road, where he became politically active. He was accepted for a place at Queen's University, before being arrested for suspected involvement in an IRA robbery.
Long Kesh remand
In 1974, when he was 19, Bennett was convicted by a no-jury Diplock court of murdering Inspector William Elliott, a 49-year-old police officer in the Royal Ulster Constabulary, during an Official IRA robbery at the Ulster Bank in The Diamond shopping area in Rathcoole, close to his home in Merville Garden Village, on 6 September 1974. His conviction was declared unsafe in 1975 and he was released from Long Kesh prison.
'Persons Unknown' trial and Wapping Autonomy Centre
Bennett had been writing in prison to Iris Mills in Huddersfield, to which he moved after his release from Long Kesh, becoming involved with anarchist paper Black Flag. Bennett was arrested there with Mills, a New Zealand national, and after an illegal attempt to deport them was made, they moved to Paris, then London. In 1978, he was arrested, again with Iris Mills, for conspiracy to cause explosions with "persons unknown" and spent another 16 months in prison on remand. Bennett conducted his own defence, and he and his co-defendants were acquitted in 1979. In 1992, Bennett wrote a fictionalised account of what was known as the 'Persons Unknown' Official Secrets Act trial, The Second Trial. Anarcho-punk band the Poison Girls recorded a song 'Persons Unknown' and released it as a joint single with Crass to raise money for Bennett's anarchistic Wapping Autonomy Centre. Mills and Bennett found funding, then rebuilt and decorated the Centre, which did not last long, succumbing to vandalism by the punk fans it attracted.
Later education and life
He studied History at King's College London, receiving a first class honours degree. He later completed, in 1987, a doctorate on crime and law enforcement in 17th-century England, material he used in Havoc, in its Third Year.[a] That same year he was hired as a researcher by Jeremy Corbyn MP, later Leader of the Labour Party, in a move that provoked controversy and security concerns.
Bennett lives in London with his family. His partner since his time at King's College and wife since 2003 was Georgina Henry, former deputy editor of The Guardian and editor of guardian.co.uk, the newspaper's website; Henry died in February 2014 from sinus cancer. Bennett discussed the loss of his wife in a BBC Radio 3 programme, Private Passions.[b]
Since 2006 Bennett has co-hosted a regular Monday chess column with Daniel King in The Guardian, which seeks to be instructive, rather than topical. Through test positions taken from actual games, their amateur and expert assessments of the possible continuations are discussed and compared. It has been supposed that Nigel Short's column was axed to make way for the new feature and the justification for this change has been the subject of some debate in chess circles.
Bennett has published five novels and two non-fiction works. It was his third novel, The Catastrophist, that brought him into the public eye. This novel was set in the Belgian Congo just before independence, with the rise and fall of Patrice Lumumba. Critics hailed the novel, which drew comparisons to Graham Greene, Joseph Conrad and John le Carré's African novel, The Constant Gardener. It was nominated for the Whitbread Award in 1998. Bennett's fourth novel, Havoc, in its Third Year, was published in 2004. It is a dark tale of Puritan fanaticism, set in a town in northern England in the 1630s, in the decade before the English Civil War.
In 1990 Bennett was co-author of Stolen Years: before and after Guildford, the memoir of Paul Hill, one of the Guildford Four who were wrongfully convicted in 1975 for the Guildford and Woolwich pub bombings and imprisoned for 14 years. Bennett has also written several acclaimed screenplays for film and television, among them The Hamburg Cell and the controversial Rebel Heart. He contributes regularly to the British and Irish press.
In 2006, Bennett's novel Zugzwang, was published week-by-week in the British Sunday newspaper The Observer. The novel was written in weekly installments with new chapters being submitted to the newspaper close to publication date. Each chapter was accompanied by illustrations by British artist Marc Quinn.
- The Second Prison (1991) – shortlisted for the 1991 Irish Times/Aer Lingus prize.
- Overthrown by Strangers (1992)
- The Catastrophist (1998) – shortlisted for the Whitbread Novel Award.
- Havoc, in Its Third Year (2004) – winner of the Hughes & Hughes/Sunday Independent Irish Novel of the Year award.
- Zugzwang (2006)
- Stolen Years: Before and After Guildford (with Paul Hill, 1990)
- Fire and Rain (broadcast on Radio 4, 1994)
- Life and Death in Long Kesh – Ronan Bennett's memoir and film review of Hunger, The Guardian (October, 2008)
- A Further Gesture, aka The Break (1997)
- Lucky Break (2001)
- Face (1997)
- The Hamburg Cell (2004)
- Public Enemies (2009)
- Love Lies Bleeding (1993)
- A Man You Don't Meet Every Day (1994)
- Rebel Heart (2001)
- Fields of Gold (2002)
- Hidden (2011)
- Top Boy (2011, 2019)
- Gunpowder (2017)
- Do Armed Robbers Have Love Affairs? (2002)
- Laity, Paul (27 October 2007). "The Controversialist". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 October 2011.
- Bennett, Ronan (3 December 2000). "Why this witch-hunt won't stop me writing on Ireland". The Observer. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
- "Ronan Bennett: From Prisoner to Writer". NPR. 3 July 2007. Retrieved 16 October 2011.
- Meltzer, Albert (1996), I Couldn't Paint Golden Angels - Chapter XIX, sections - Affinity Groups, Persons Unknown
- Meltzer, Albert (1996). I Couldn't Paint Golden Angels: Sixty Years of Commonplace Life and Anarchist Agitation. AK Press. ISBN 9781873176931. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
- Barker, Paul (1982). "Anarchy in the UK, by Ian Walker". The Other Britain: a new society collection. Routledge & Kegan Paul. ISBN 9780710093080. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
- Boraman, Toby (2007). Rabble Rousers and Merry Pranksters: A History of Anarchism in Aotearoa/New Zealand from the Mid-1950s to the Early 1980s. Katipo Books. p. 117. ISBN 9780473122997. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
- Widgery, David (1980). The book of the year: Sept. 1979-Sept. 1980. Ink Links. ISBN 9780906133293. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
- Persons Unknown. Persons Unknown. 1979. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
- Worley, Matthew (2017). No Future: Punk, Politics and British Youth Culture, 1976–1984. Cambridge University Press. p. 255. ISBN 9781107176898. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
- Roberts, Luke (2017). Barry MacSweeney and the Politics of Post-War British Poetry: Seditious Things. Springer. ISBN 9783319459585. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
- Berger, George (2009). The Story of Crass. PM Press. p. 169. ISBN 9781604862331. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
- Meltzer, Albert (1996), I Couldn't Paint Golden Angels - Chapter XXI, section - International Centres
- BBC report on Corbyn's early years
- Josh Halliday "Georgina Henry Named Head of guardian.co.uk", guardian.co.uk, 25 July 2011
- Alan Rusbridger Obituary: Georgina Henry, The Guardian, 7 February 2014.
- Berkeley, Michael. "Private Passions - Ronan Bennett - BBC Sounds". www.bbc.co.uk. BBC. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
- Bennett, Ronan; King, Daniel. "Ronan Bennett and Daniel King on chess - Sport - The Guardian". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
- Chessbase.com feature
- Hill, Paul; Bennett, Ronan (1990). Stolen years: before and after Guildford. Doubleday. ISBN 9780385401258. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
- Bennett, Ronan (24 June 1993). "Criminal Justice" (London Review of Books - Vol. 15 No. 12). London Review of Books. pp. 3–15. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
- Johnston, Philip (1 December 2000). "Republican writes BBC's Irish drama". The Telegraph. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
- "I'm far more proud of the novel than I am of the PhD." Ronan Bennett
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