|Municipality and town|
Location of the municipality and town of Rondón in the Boyacá Department of Colombia
|Founded||30 June 1904|
|Founded by||Ignacio Aristides Medina Ávila|
|• Mayor||Roosevelt Chávez Leguizamón
|• Municipality and town||258 km2 (100 sq mi)|
|• Urban||0.8 km2 (0.3 sq mi)|
|Elevation||2,075 m (6,808 ft)|
|• Municipality and town||2,934|
|• Density||11/km2 (29/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Colombia Standard Time (UTC-5)|
Rondón is a town and municipality in the Márquez Province, part of Boyacá Department, Colombia. The urban centre of Rondón is situated at an altitude of 2,075 metres (6,808 ft) on the Altiplano Cundiboyacense in the Colombian Eastern Ranges of the Andes. It is 61 kilometres (38 mi) away from the departmental capital Tunja. Rondón borders Viracachá and Siachoque in the north, Zetaquirá and Ramiriquí in the south, Pesca in the east and Ramiriquí and Ciénega in the west.
Previously, Rondón was called San Rafael. In earlier times, the area of Rondón was known as a forested terrain called La Galera. It received the name Rondón honouring the independence hero of the Vargas Swamp Battle Juan José Rondón.
The terrain of Rondón was completely forested until the mid 19th century, when the lands passed through various families of land owners. The newly founded settlement was populated by people coming from Ramiriquí, Ciénega, Viracachá and Pesca. The town received the status of municipality on June 30, 1904 by Ignacio Aristides Medina Ávila.
Main economical activities in Rondón are livestock farming and agriculture. Among the products cultivated are lulo, sugarcane, coffee, bananas, oranges, yuca, arracacha, beans, peas, avocadoes, guayaba, chirimoya, guanábana, potatoes and maize.