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Ronja, the Robber's Daughter

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Ronia, the Robber's Daughter
First edition
AuthorAstrid Lindgren
Original titleRonja rövardotter
IllustratorIlon Wikland
PublisherRabén & Sjögren
Publication date
Publication placeSweden
Pages235 pp
LC ClassMLCS 82/9917

Ronia, the Robber's Daughter (Swedish: Ronja rövardotter) is a children's fantasy book by the Swedish author Astrid Lindgren, first published in 1981.

The book has been translated into at least 39 languages. It was adapted as a film in 1984, a Danish and a German musical, the Japanese anime, and a live-action television adaptation.

Plot summary[edit]

Matt's Fort at Astrid Lindgren's World

Ronia is a girl growing up among a clan of robbers living in a castle in the woodlands of early-Medieval Scandinavia. As the only child of Matt, the chief, she is expected to become the leader of the clan someday. Their castle, Matt's Fort, is split into two parts by a lightning bolt on the day of Ronia's birth. Ronia grows up with Matt's clan of robbers as her only company, until a rival robber group led by Borka moves into the other half of the castle, exacerbating the longstanding rivalry between the two bands.

One day, Ronia sees Birk Borkason, the only son of Borka, idling by the chasm. He is the only other child she has ever met, and so she is sorry that he is a Borka. He engages her in a game of jumping across, which does not end until Birk almost falls down. Ronia saves him, and they eventually become friends.

The following winter is long and cold and although Matt's robbers are well fed, their counterparts are suffering on the other side of the chasm. Ronia brings food to Birk through a secret passageway. They get very close but both know that they cannot tell their families. Later that year, Birk is captured by Ronia's father. Ronia gives herself to the Borkas so she must be exchanged, but as a result, her father disowns her and refuses to acknowledge her as his daughter. Birk and Ronia run away to the woods, where they live in a cave and experience several harrowing adventures with the wood's indigenous wildlife, including trolls, forest gnomes, and harpies. Ultimately their families repent of their feuding, and everyone is reunited, but the story concludes with both Ronia and Birk deciding that the robber's life is not for them.



In 1983, Trina Schart Hyman illustrated a cover for the book, which is published by Puffin Books.[1]


In 1984, the book was made into a Swedish fantasy film. It was directed by the Swedish film director Tage Danielsson and adapted for screenplay by Astrid Lindgren herself. It was a major success, becoming the highest-grossing film in Sweden,[2] and winning a Silver Bear at the 1985 Berlin International Film Festival.[3] More than 1.5 million people attended its screenings in Sweden.[citation needed]


Ronia in the German musical by Axel Bergstedt

In 1991 the book was made into a Danish musical called Ronja Røverdatter. The musical is written by Danish composer Sebastian.[4]

In 1994 the book was made into a German musical called Ronja Räubertochter. The musical is written by Axel Bergstedt in the German language, and has orchestra, band and more than one hundred people on the stage.[5][6]


A production in the Balver Höhle was performed in 1993 and 2004 and in Oberkirch in 2006.

A production of Ronja the Robber's Daughter interpreted by Ronny Danielsson performed at Stadsteatern Stockholm Sweden 2014, 2016, and 2018.[citation needed]

A stage play based on the novel was written by Allison Gregory.[7]

TV series[edit]


A live-action television adaptation of the novel premiered in March 2024. Hans Rosenfeldt writes the script while Lisa James Larsson directs the series. Twelve episodes, divided into two seasons, have been ordered. The series is produced by Filmlance Productions, the company behind Swedish TV productions such as Beck, Bron, and Caliphate.[8][9][10]


A CGI television series from Japan debuted in October 2014.[11] Titled Sanzoku no Musume Ronia, the show was produced by Dwango, NHK, NHK Enterprises, Polygon Pictures and Studio Ghibli. The show was directed by Goro Miyazaki and scripted by Hiroyuki Kawsaki.[12]


Ronia and her father Mattis, played by actors at Astrid Lindgren's World in Lindgren's home town, Vimmerby, in 2014

Ronia, the Robber's Daughter has been translated into 39 languages.[13] The two English versions translate the Swedish names differently. The Swedish word "rövare" is more akin to the English word reaver, rather than robber (rånare).[14]

Swedish, 1981
Rabén & Sjögren
Ronja Rövardotter
English, 1983
The Robber's Daughter
English, 1985
the Robber's Daughter
Ronja Kirsty Ronia
Mattis Matt Matt
Lovis Lena Lovis
Borka Ranulf Borka
Undis Hanna Undis
Birk Burl Birk
Skalle-Per Skinny-Pete Noddle-Pete
Tjegge Shaggy Shaggy
Pelje Proudfoot Pelle
Fjosok Fulke Foolok
Jutis Jolly Jutto
Joen Jip Jep
Knotas Knott Knott
Turre Tapper Tapper
Tjorm Tobbit Torm
Sturkas Bumper Bumper
Lill-Klippen Snip Little Snip


  1. ^ Astrid Lindgren (1985-02-05). Ronia, the Robber's Daughter. Puffin Books. ISBN 978-0140317206.
  2. ^ Holmlund, Christine (2003). "Pippi and Her Pals". Cinema Journal. 42.2 (Winter 2003): 4.
  3. ^ Awards for Ronja Rövardotter at IMDb Edit this at Wikidata
  4. ^ Musical "Ronja Røverdatter" on YouTube
  5. ^ Musical "Ronja Räubertochter": Song of the wolf on YouTube
  6. ^ Musical "Ronja Räubertochter": Ronja in the wood on YouTube
  7. ^ "Ronia, the Robber's Daughter". Allison Gregory. Archived from the original on 3 December 2021. Retrieved 16 June 2020.
  8. ^ ""Ronja Rövardotter" blir tv-serie – här är allt vi vet just nu".
  9. ^ Vivarelli, Nick (2023-12-14). "Astrid Lindgren's 'Ronja the Robber's Daughter' to Get Netflix Play in Key Territories". Variety. Retrieved 2024-05-31.
  10. ^ Netflix (2024-03-12). Ronja the Robber's Daughter | Official Trailer | Netflix. Retrieved 2024-05-31 – via YouTube.
  11. ^ "NHKアニメワールド 山賊の娘ローニャ" (in Japanese). NHK. Archived from the original on 2020-03-14.
  12. ^ Hodgkins, Crystalyn (2014-01-30). "Goro Miyazaki to Direct Ronia the Robber's Daughter TV Anime". Anime News Network. Retrieved 2020-05-02.
  13. ^ "Astrid i världen" (in Danish). Retrieved 2020-05-02.
  14. ^ Edström, Vivi (2000) [1992]. Astrid Lindgren: A Critical Study. Eivor Cormack, trans. Rabén & Sjögren. pp. 271–293.

External links[edit]