Roof cleaning is the process of removing algae, mold, mildew, lichen and moss from roofs. Also cleaning oxidation on metal roofs. Cleaning can extend the duration of a roof's ability to function. Algae and other types of build-up often form on the north and west parts of roofs that are shaded or receive less sun, and can reduce a roof's life expectancy. The presence of soot, dirt, or biomass can affect how much sunlight is absorbed by a roof and thus the amount of heat a building absorbs.
Cleaning may be accomplished with a bleach or sodium percarbonate solution, various cleaning products or commercial cleaning services. The Asphalt Roofing Manufacturers Association (ARMA) recommends using a 50/50 solution of 12.5% sodium hypochlorite (pool chlorine) and water to remove moss and algae. The addition of zinc strips near the roof's peak may reduce the regrowth of algae and moss. Zinc sulfate can also be applied on an annual basis.
One safe and effective means to clean a roof is an electric agricultural sprayer system, as originally developed in Florida, USA in the early 1990s. The equipment is used to apply a cleaning solution (typically containing bleach) that kills the algae, baceteria, mold, mildew, moss, fungus and other organic organisms growing on the roof. This is soft washing. The equipment does not use pressure or mechanical means to clean the roof. Using a pressure washer, or any other gas powered device, to clean a roof at more than 100 PSI can damage the roof. The U.S. based Asphalt Roofing Manufactureres' Association specifies the use of a bleach cleaning solution, without the use of a pressure washer, to remove algae from a roof. ARMA discourages the use of a pressure washer, a flat-surface cleaner or any other mechanical device to clean a roof. Safe, effective soft washing cannot be achieved with a pressure washer, as the Venturi device (downstreaming) cannot achieve sufficient strength solution to kill the organisms, cleaning the roof. Use of different tips on the pressure washer, so that it drops the pressure down to around 500 psi (3,400 kPa) or less, relies on the pressure of the equipment, and not the chemicals, to clean the roof.
Another safe and effective method is the use of air pressure using an air compressor, hose, and wand. There are a number of roofing companies that use this method. Never use a pressure washer as this may damage the roof. Roof cleaning devices exist that may minimize the spread of airborne radioactive materials (in contaminated areas) and other harmful materials, such as asbestos. Specialized robots have been designed to facilitate cleaning roofs.
- Brook, Alan J. (1968). "The Discoloration of Roofs in the United States and Canada by Algae". Journal of Phycology. 4 (3): 250. doi:10.1111/j.1529-8817.1968.tb04722.x.
- Fox59 4:34 p.m. EDT, August 28, 2012 (2012-08-28). "Stretching Your Dollar: Cleaning your roof for a good price". fox59.com. Retrieved 2018-06-08.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- Levinson, Ronnen; Paul Berdahla; Asmeret Asefaw Berheb; Hashem Akbaria (December 2005). "Effects of soiling and cleaning on the reflectance and solar heat gain of a light-colored roofing membrane". Atmospheric Environment. 39 (40): 7807–7824. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2005.08.037. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
- "Sodium Hypochlorite, Sodium Percarbonate or Sodium Hydroxide for Roof Cleaning?". eClean Magazine. Retrieved 2017-06-29.
- "ARMA - Asphalt Roofing Manufacturers Association | Algae & Moss Prevention and Cleaning for Asphalt Roofing Systems". www.asphaltroofing.org. 2016-09-23. Retrieved 2017-06-29.
- "Algae & Moss Prevention and Cleaning for Asphalt Roofing Systems". asphaltroofing.org. Asphalt Roofing Manufacturers Association. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
- Airborne Radioactive Contamination in Inhabited Areas - Kasper G. Andersson - Google Books, pp 223 - 229.
- Elkmann, N; Felsch, T.; Sack, M.; Saenz, J.; Hortig, J. (2002). "Innovative service robot systems for facade cleaning of difficult-to-access areas". Intelligent Robots and Systems, 2002. IEEE/RSJ International Conference on. 1: 756–762. doi:10.1109/IRDS.2002.1041481. Retrieved 18 April 2013.