"Room 1411" is a 1928 instrumental composed by Glenn Miller and Benny Goodman and released as a Brunswick 78 by Bennie Goodman's Boys. The song was Glenn Miller's first known composition and was an early collaboration between Glenn Miller and Benny Goodman, who would become the most successful bandleaders of the Big Band Era during the 1930s and 1940s.
"Room 1411," also known as "Goin To Town," "Pieza 1411" in Spanish on the label, was composed with Benny Goodman in 1928 when Glenn Miller was part of "Bennie Goodman's Boys". The instrumental was recorded on June 23, 1928 in Chicago, Illinois and was released as a 78, 4013, on Brunswick, paired with "Jungle Blues". The instrumental, Matrix # E27639=C, was described as a "shimmy one-step" on the original Brunswick 78 label as released in 1928.
"Bennie Goodman's Boys" was made up of an all-star ensemble that featured Glenn Miller on trombone, Ben Pollack on drums, Dick "Icky" Morgan on guitar, Bud Freeman on tenor saxophone, Fud Livingston on clarinet and tenor saxophone, Jimmy McPartland on cornet, Vic Breidis on piano, Harry Goodman on bass and tuba, and Benny Goodman on clarinet, saxophone, and cornet. The band continued to record in 1928 and 1929. Tommy Dorsey on trombone and Wingy Manone on trumpet were also members of the group on other sessions.
Glenn Miller and Benny Goodman lived in the same suite at the time in the apartments in The Whitby in New York whose number was 1411. The title of the composition derives from the apartment number. In Hear Me Talkin' To Ya: The Story Of Jazz As Told By The Men Who Made It (1955) by Nat Shapiro and Nat Hentoff, Jimmy McPartland recalled how the title originated: "[A]fter a couple of weeks we moved into the Whitby Apartments, where Gil Rodin, Dick Morgan, Benny Goodman, and Glenn Miller had a suite. We all moved into that, practically the whole band. ... The number of that apartment was 1411. And that is how that title came up, Room 1411, by Benny Goodman's Boys."
Benny Goodman played baritone saxophone "on the more straight-ahead Chicago-style 'Room 1411'". "Room 1411 (Goin' to Town)" is Glenn Miller's first known composition. Two versions or takes of the instrumental were released. The song was featured on a 1943 album consisting of four 10" shellac 78s which was reviewed in the September 18, 1943 issue of Billboard magazine. The recording was reissued in 1950 as part of the Brunswick Collectors' Series as Brunswick 80029A. The recording was released on the 1950 Brunswick LP, BL-58015, Chicago Jazz Classics by Benny Goodman & His Boys. The recording also appears on the albums The Young Benny Goodman: 1928-1931 released in 2005 by Timeless Records, A Jazz Holiday, double LP, Decca, 1973, A Jazz Holiday: 1926-31 by Benny Goodman released in 1998 by ASV Living Era, Benny Goodman: 1928-1931, Classics, 1993, and Benny Goodman: Selected Favorites, Volume 17, Charly, 2006.
The instrumental was also released as part of a 7" 45 RPM EP on Brunswick Records as EB-71016 on 1953.
The jazz group Chicago Rhythm with Butch Thompson recorded the song in 1983 on their album One in a Million, Vol. 2, on Stomp Off Records, SOS 1059. The instrumental was performed by the Ballyhoo Foxtrot Orchestra at the 2011 Glenn Miller Festival in Des Moines, Iowa and in 2012 by the Original Swingtime Big Band in concert in Vienna, Austria.
- National Ragtime and Jazz Archive Recordings: P, Q & R Titles.
- In the liner notes to the 1950 Brunswick LP, Chicago Jazz Classics, BL 58015, by Benny Goodman and His Boys, music critic and historian Irving Kolodin gives the recording date as June 4, 1928, and the location as New York. The album was also released as a 78 RPM album B-1007.
- Kolodin gives a different explanation for the origin of the title in his liner notes to the 1950 Brunswick LP, BL 58015. He wrote that "[a]ccording to legend", the title refers to the room number where Chicago publisher and lyricist Walter Melrose stayed during an illness at the Hotel Manager (later the Taft) in New York City. Because he bought the tune from Goodman and Miller, they named the song after the room in gratitude. He quoted Glenn Miller as noting: "When we sold this thing and divided the proceeds, we decided that the song-writing racket was a push-over."
- Firestone, Ross. Swing, Swing, Swing: The Life and Times of Benny Goodman. Norton, 1998, p. 49.
- Benny Goodman And His Boys --- Chicago Jazz Classics. Discogs.
- Three sources list Glenn Miller and Benny Goodman as the songwriters of "Room 1411". The Brunswick Collectors' Series 78, Brunswick 80029 A, a Brunswick re-issue series from the 1940s and early 1950s, lists the title and songwriting credit on the record label as follows: "Room 1411 (Glenn Miller-Benny Goodman)". The Brunswick 78 collection Chicago Jazz Classics, issued as album number B-1007, also lists Miller and Goodman as the composers of "Room 1411". The Jazz Online website lists the songwriters for "Room 1411" as : "G. Miller – B. Goodman".Jazz Anthology website.
- Benny Goodman And His Boys --- Chicago Jazz Classics, Volume 2. Discogs.
- ASCAP database.
- Firestone, Ross. Swing, Swing, Swing: The Life and Times of Benny Goodman. Norton, 1998.
- Shapiro, Nat, and Nat Hentoff. Hear Me Talkin' to Ya: The Story of Jazz As Told by the Men Who Made It. New York: Rinehart and Company, 1955.
- Simon, George Thomas. Simon Says. New York: Galahad, 1971. ISBN 0-88365-001-0.