Roop's Fort in 2013
|Location||N. Weatherlow St., Susanville, California|
|Area||1 acre (0.40 ha)|
|Architectural style||Log Cabin|
|NRHP Reference #||74000516|
|Added to NRHP||May 2, 1974|
Roop's Fort, also known as Roop's Trading Post, Fort Defiance, and Roop House, is a historic building in Susanville, California. The building, which was built in 1854 by Isaac Roop, was the first building built by white settlers in Lassen County. The fort was originally a trading post for westbound migrants and was the first post west of Fort Hall in Idaho. The building also served as the capitol of the short-lived Nataqua Territory, a territory created in 1856 to avoid California tax collectors. The territory was incorporated into Roop County, Nevada, named for Isaac Roop, in 1861. California and Nevada entered into a border dispute known as the Sagebrush War over the Susanville area in 1863, and Roop's Fort served as a fort for the Nevadans during the skirmish. California won the war, and Roop's Fort became part of Lassen County in 1864.
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Roop's Fort". Office of Historic Preservation, California State Parks. Retrieved 2012-09-06.
- Amesbury, Robert H. (February 12, 1974). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form: Roop's Fort" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved May 18, 2013.
- Photos from the NRHP nomination
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. CA-1310, "Fort Defiance, Susanville vicinity, Lassen County, CA"
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