Roosevelt Avenue/74th Street (New York City Subway)

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Roosevelt Avenue/74th Street
NYCS-bull-trans-7.svg NYCS-bull-trans-E.svg NYCS-bull-trans-F.svg NYCS-bull-trans-M.svg NYCS-bull-trans-R.svg
New York City Subway rapid transit station complex
Jackson Heights-Roosevelt Avenue Terminal.JPG
The station complex and adjoining bus terminal as seen from Broadway and 75th Street
Station statistics
Address Roosevelt Avenue, 74th Street & Broadway
Queens, NY 11372
Borough Queens
Locale Jackson Heights
Coordinates 40°44′48.35″N 73°53′29.47″W / 40.7467639°N 73.8915194°W / 40.7467639; -73.8915194Coordinates: 40°44′48.35″N 73°53′29.47″W / 40.7467639°N 73.8915194°W / 40.7467639; -73.8915194
Division A (IRT), B (IND)
Line       IRT Flushing Line
IND Queens Boulevard Line
Services       7 all times (all times)
      E all times (all times)
      F all times (all times)
      M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (weekdays until 11:00 p.m.)
      R all hours except late nights (all hours except late nights)
Transit connections Bus transport NYCT Bus: Q32
Bus transport MTA Bus: Q33, Airport transportation Q47, Q49, Q53, Airport transportation Q70 (all at Victor Moore Bus Terminal)
Levels 2
Other information
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Wireless service Wi-Fi[1][2]
Traffic
Passengers (2015) 17,224,537 (station complex)[3]Increase 0.8%
Rank 14 out of 422

Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue/74th Street–Broadway (or simply Jackson Heights or Roosevelt Avenue/74th Street) is a New York City Subway station complex served by the IRT Flushing Line and the IND Queens Boulevard Line. Located at the triangle of 74th Street, Broadway, and Roosevelt Avenue in Jackson Heights, Queens, it is served by the:

  • 7, E, and F trains at all times
  • R train at all times except late nights
  • M train weekdays except late nights

Station layout[edit]

2F Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound local NYCS-bull-trans-7.svg toward 34th Street – Hudson Yards (69th Street)
Peak-direction express NYCS-bull-trans-7d.svg does not stop here →
Northbound local NYCS-bull-trans-7.svg toward Flushing – Main Street (82nd Street–Jackson Heights)
Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
1F Mezzanine to Exits
G Street Level Exit/Entrance, station house fare control and bus loops
Handicapped/disabled access (Elevator after fare control in station house on Roosevelt Avenue between 74th and 75th Streets,
or enter on Broadway between 74th and 75th Streets)
B1–2 Mezzanines to Exits, fare control
B3 Southbound local NYCS-bull-trans-M.svg toward Metropolitan Avenue (65th Street)
NYCS-bull-trans-R.svg toward Bay Ridge–95th Street (65th Street)
NYCS-bull-trans-E.svg toward World Trade Center late nights (65th Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound express NYCS-bull-trans-E.svg toward World Trade Center (Queens Plaza)
NYCS-bull-trans-F.svg toward Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue (21st Street–Queensbridge)
Northbound express NYCS-bull-trans-E.svg toward Jamaica Center (Forest Hills–71st Avenue)
NYCS-bull-trans-F.svg toward Jamaica–179th Street (Forest Hills–71st Avenue)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound local NYCS-bull-trans-M.svg NYCS-bull-trans-R.svg toward Forest Hills–71st Avenue (Elmhurst Avenue)
NYCS-bull-trans-E.svg toward Jamaica Center late nights (Elmhurst Avenue)

IRT Flushing Line platforms[edit]

74th Street–Broadway
NYCS-bull-trans-7.svg
New York City Subway rapid transit station
74 St - Broadway - TImes Sq bound platform.jpg
Manhattan bound platform
Station statistics
Division A (IRT)
Line       IRT Flushing Line
Services       7 all times (all times)
Structure Elevated
Platforms 2 side platforms
Tracks 3
Other information
Opened April 21, 1917; 99 years ago (1917-04-21)
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Former/other names Broadway
Station succession
Next north 82nd Street–Jackson Heights: 7 all times
Next south 69th Street: 7 all times


Next Handicapped/disabled access north Junction Boulevard: 7 all times
Next Handicapped/disabled access south 61st Street–Woodside: 7 all times

74th Street–Broadway (originally Broadway) is a local station on the IRT Flushing Line that has three tracks and two side platforms. The center track is used by the rush hour peak direction <7> express service, but trains do not stop here, although there are crossovers at either side to let it stop there. It is served by the 7 train at all times.

The station has two fare control areas, both of which connect to the IND Queens Boulevard Line via five long escalators: three at 73rd Street and two at 74th. The 74th Street mezzanine has a wooden floor with windscreen on the stairs, a booth, and a crossunder. The 73rd Street mezzanine contains wooden stair walls, no windows, and no booth (the booth being in the IND entrance at street level). The canopy at the south end is different, having been added later than the original canopy. Construction on a new station building was completed in 2005. The 2004 artwork here is called Passage by Tom Patti.

Entrance at Roosevelt Avenue and 75th Street

IND Queens Boulevard Line platforms[edit]

Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue
NYCS-bull-trans-E.svg NYCS-bull-trans-F.svg NYCS-bull-trans-M.svg NYCS-bull-trans-R.svg
New York City Subway rapid transit station
MTA NYC Subway M train leaving Roosevelt Avenue.jpg
An R160 M train leaving Roosevelt Avenue.
Station statistics
Division B (IND)
Line IND Queens Boulevard Line
Services       E all times (all times)
      F all times (all times)
      M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (weekdays until 11:00 p.m.)
      R all hours except late nights (all hours except late nights)
Structure Underground
Levels 2 (upper level unused)
Platforms 2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks 4
Other information
Opened August 19, 1933; 82 years ago (1933-08-19)
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Former/other names Roosevelt Avenue–Jackson Heights
Station succession
Next north Elmhurst Avenue (local): E late nights M weekdays until 11 p.m. R all hours except late nights
Forest Hills–71st Avenue (express): E all except late nights F all times
Next south 65th Street (local): E late nights M weekdays until 11 p.m. R all hours except late nights
Queens Plaza (express): E all except late nights
21st Street–Queensbridge (express via 63rd Street): F all times


Next Handicapped/disabled access north Forest Hills–71st Avenue: E all times F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. R all hours except late nights
Next Handicapped/disabled access south Queens Plaza (via Queens Boulevard): E all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. R all hours except late nights
21st Street–Queensbridge (via 63rd Street): F all times

Jackson Heights–Roosevelt Avenue (signed as Roosevelt Avenue–Jackson Heights on overhead signs) is an express station on the IND Queens Boulevard Line that has four tracks and two island platforms. The outer track walls have a blue color stripe with a black border and no name tablets. The platforms' I-beams columns are painted in blue. The fare control is in the center of the full-length mezzanine above the platforms and tracks.

West of the station, there are switches between both westbound tracks; the corresponding switches for the eastbound tracks are east of the station. On both sides, there are also switches between both express tracks.[4]

The western switches were the site of a subway collision on May 2, 1970, in which an out-of-service GG train collided with another GG train in revenue service switching from the express track to the local track (it had been rerouted around the former train). Two people died and 71 were injured in the worst subway collision since the 1928 Times Square derailment.[5][6][7] Following the 1970 accident, New York Magazine highlighted the state of the subway system in a lengthy expose.[5]

Newly renovated tiles at Roosevelt Avenue

Unused upper level[edit]

Exiting the northern fare control and following the passageway leads to the unused and uncompleted Roosevelt Avenue terminal station for the IND Second System.[8][9][10] This terminal has an island platform with a trackway on each side. There are no rails in the trackbeds, but tiles depicting the station name on the tile walls are present.[9][11] The signs hanging over the platform, however, are blank. East of the station lies a long, dark section of a 3-block-long tunnel[9] with provisions for a crossover[12] and a ramp down to the Manhattan-bound local track of the active mainline below.[13] The unused tunnel has about 750 feet (230 m) of trackway. Along these trackways, trains from the lower level tracks can be seen.[14] The never-used upper level platform was only long enough for 8 (60 ft (18 m)) cars rather than the IND maximum of 10. It is currently used for storage.[9] The platform itself has been converted to offices and storage.[15]

There is a trackway just east of Roosevelt Avenue that diverges away from the Manhattan-bound local track. The trackway ramps up to the same level as the two trackways coming from the never-used Roosevelt Avenue Terminal,[13] making three trackways on the upper level. The ramp flies over the mainline tracks along with the two other trackways. Between 78th and 79th Streets, the three trackways on upper level curve towards the south and ending at the wall at the edge of constructed subway. There is a diverging bellmouth next to the Jamaica-bound local track several hundred feet north of the station just at the location where the three upstairs trackways are crossing over. This bellmouth also curves towards the south and similarly ends on a concrete wall shortly after the start of the bellmouth.[16] At the end of the unused tunnel there is an emergency exit[17] that opens out to the south side of Broadway across the street from Elmhurst Hospital. The four-track subway running south was a plan for a line along the Long Island Rail Road right-of-way to Garfield Avenue and 65th Place. The line would have turned along 65th Place to Fresh Pond Road and then along Fresh Pond Road to Cypress Hills Street. The line would have merged with the Myrtle–Central Avenues Line to the Rockaways proposed in 1929. All four trackways end at a concrete wall where they begin to diverge from the excavation for the existing line.[9]

East of this station, next to the southbound track, the bellmouth with the ramp ascending to the upper level once had a layup track on it. On the Roosevelt Avenue interlocking machine in the station tower, there are spare levers for the necessary signals and switches. On the southbound local track, there is a homeball signal, "D1-1415", which has the lower portion lenses covered over and now functions as an automatic signal. A look at the interlocking machine shows it just the right way with certain lighting to see faint indentations of where the Winfield spur was to have turned off from the D1 track and the D2 track.

Victor Moore Bus Terminal[edit]

Inside the Victor A. Moore Bus Terminal attached to the station

The subway complex has been integrated into the Victor A. Moore Bus Terminal. Originally an art deco-type structure also known as the Victor Moore Arcade, it was a streamlined local landmark, where passengers could transfer from the new IND subway to buses for distant neighborhoods and LaGuardia Airport.[18] The bus terminal and arcade, located at the triangle formed by Broadway, Roosevelt Avenue, and 75th Street, were officially opened on December 11, 1941.[19] The structure was named after Victor Moore, a notable Broadway actor and Queens resident.[19][20] It served as a hub for the operations of Triboro Coach.[19] The "arcade" was closed in 2001[21] and replaced during the 2005 reconstruction of the IRT Flushing Line platforms.[22] It includes one of the first green buildings in the MTA system, which is partially powered by solar panels built into the roof.[22]

Six bus lines served in and near the terminal provide easier transfer to the subway and bus connections. Lanes 1 through 3 are located inside the terminal.

All buses from the terminal are operated by MTA Bus Company, successors to the Triboro Coach routes, except one. The Q32 is operated by MTA New York City Transit.

Lane Route Destination
1 Q33 East Elmhurst
Ditmars Boulevard and 94th Street
2 Q49 East Elmhurst
Astoria Boulevard and 102nd Street
3 Q47 Northbound:
LaGuardia Airport, Marine Air Terminal
Broadway
at 74th Street
Southbound:
Glendale
The Shops at Atlas Park mall
Roosevelt Avenue
at 74th Street
Q32 Westbound:
Penn Station, Midtown Manhattan
West 32nd Street and 7th Avenue
Eastbound:
Jackson Heights
Northern Boulevard and 81st Street
Q70
Limited-stops
Northbound:
LaGuardia Airport, All terminals except Marine Air Terminal
Southbound:
Woodside
61st Street and Roosevelt Avenue
Broadway at
75th Street
Q53
Limited-stops
Northbound:
Woodside
61st Street and Roosevelt Avenue
Southbound:
Rockaway Park
Beach 116th Street and Rockaway Beach Boulevard

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NYC Subway Wireless - Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved 2016-05-18.
  2. ^ More Subway Stations in Manhattan, Bronx in Line to Get Online, mta.info (March 25, 2015). "The first two phases included stations in Midtown Manhattan and all underground stations in Queens with the exception of the 7 Main St terminal."
  3. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". New York: Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved March 26, 2014. 
  4. ^ Marrero, Robert (2015-09-13). "469 Stations, 846 Miles" (PDF). B24 Blog, via Dropbox. Retrieved 2015-10-09. 
  5. ^ a b Thomas R. Brooks (15 June 1970). "Subway Roulette: The Game Is Getting Dangerous". New York Magazine. Retrieved 23 July 2015. 
  6. ^ Robinson, Douglas (May 21, 1970). "Queens IND Crash Kills 2, Injures 71: Car With Rush-Hour Crowd Is Split Down the Middle by an Empty Train". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 October 2015. 
  7. ^ "Transit Workers in IND Crash Seek Immunity Before Talking". The New York Times. May 23, 1970. Retrieved 11 October 2015. 
  8. ^ "www.nycsubway.org". www.nycsubway.org. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ a b c d e Martin, Douglas (November 17, 1996). "Subway Planners' Lofty Ambitions Are Buried as Dead-End Curiosities". nytimes.com. The New York Times. Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
  10. ^ http://forgotten-ny.com/2016/02/roosevelt-avenue-station-upper-level/
  11. ^ http://images.nycsubway.org/i93000/img_93115.jpg
  12. ^ "Showing Image 1076". nycsubway.org. 
  13. ^ a b "Showing Image 1080". nycsubway.org. 
  14. ^ "Showing Image 1079". nycsubway.org. 
  15. ^ http://ltvsquad.com/2006/07/04/winfields-revenge/
  16. ^ http://ltvsquad.com/2012/04/16/winfield-scuntholes-lair-2012/
  17. ^ "Showing Image 1086". nycsubway.org. 
  18. ^ "One Hundred Years of Modern Architecture in Queens". preserve.org. 
  19. ^ a b c "Bus Terminal Opened at Jackson Heights: Victor Moore Enterprise in Queens Lauded by Officials". The New York Times. December 12, 1941. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  20. ^ "Real Politics Scares L.I.'s 'Senator' Moore". Newspapers.com. Brooklyn Daily Eagle. April 13, 1941. p. 9. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  21. ^ Queens Courier Staff (May 10, 2001). "Roosevelt Ave. Bus Terminal Closed For Demolition: Commuters Scramble For New Bus Stops". Qns.com. Queens Courier. Retrieved 10 November 2015. 
  22. ^ a b "Officials Applaud Opening Of Renovated Bus Terminal | www.qgazette.com | Queens Gazette". www.qgazette.com. July 20, 2005. Retrieved November 11, 2012. 

External links[edit]