Roosevelt Boulevard (Philadelphia)

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Roosevelt Boulevard
Roosevelt Boulevard map.svg
Map of the city of Philadelphia with Roosevelt Boulevard highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by PennDOT and City of Philadelphia
Length14.9 mi[1] (24.0 km)
Existed1926–present
Component
highways
US 1 for its entire length
US 13 from Hunting Park to Mayfair
PA 63 in Somerton
Major junctions
South end I-76 / US 1 in West Fairmount Park
  PA 611 in Hunting Park
US 13 in Hunting Park
PA 232 in Frankford
US 13 in Mayfair
PA 73 in Mayfair
PA 63 in Somerton
North end US 1 in Trevose
Location
CountiesPhiladelphia
Highway system

Roosevelt Boulevard, officially named the Theodore Roosevelt Memorial Boulevard and often referred to, chiefly by local Philadelphians, simply as "the Boulevard,"[2] is a major traffic artery through North and Northeast Philadelphia. The road begins at the Schuylkill Expressway in Fairmount Park, running as a freeway also known as the Roosevelt Boulevard Extension or the Roosevelt Expressway through North Philadelphia, then transitioning into a twelve-lane divided highway that forms the spine of Northeast Philadelphia to its end at the city line.

Historically, Roosevelt Boulevard is a part of the Lincoln Highway, the first road across America, which ran for 3,389 miles (5,454 km) from Times Square in New York City to Lincoln Park on the Pacific Ocean in San Francisco, California.

Today, Roosevelt Boulevard is designated as US 1 (north of the Roosevelt Expressway), US 13 (between Hunting Park Avenue and Robbins Street), and Pennsylvania Route 63 (between Red Lion and Woodhaven Roads).[3]

The road is notorious for two intersections which have been designated the second and third most dangerous intersections in the country by State Farm Insurance, at Red Lion Road and Grant Avenue respectively.[4] The dangerous reputation of the road led to installation of the first red light cameras in Philadelphia in 2004. The road has been the scene of numerous pedestrian casualties and studies are underway to allow pedestrian traffic to be separated from vehicular traffic.[5]

Route description[edit]

Roosevelt Boulevard at Rhawn Street, looking north toward Pennypack Circle

Roosevelt Expressway[edit]

The Roosevelt Boulevard Extension, also known as the Roosevelt Expressway, begins at the Schuylkill Expressway in Fairmount Park adjacent to the Philadelphia city line, as an expressway also known as the Roosevelt Boulevard Expressway U.S. Route 1. It crosses the Schuylkill River via the Twin Bridges and runs eastward through the neighborhoods of East Falls and Hunting Park. The Roosevelt Expressway interchanges with Broad Street (Pennsylvania Route 611) and ends at an interchange with US 13 (Roosevelt Boulevard), at which point US 1 merges onto the Roosevelt Boulevard and continues northeast along with US 13.[6]

Roosevelt Boulevard[edit]

The Roosevelt Boulevard begins at an intersection with Hunting Park Avenue, continuing northeast as a part of US 13. The road crosses Broad Street (PA 611) before US 1 (Roosevelt Expressway) merges in at an interchange and Roosevelt Boulevard becomes a 12-lane surface arterial with local and express lanes and at-grade intersections, carrying US 1 and US 13.[6]

The road continues east through Hunting Park and Feltonville, where it curves and starts running in a northeasterly direction. It meets Oxford Avenue (Pennsylvania Route 232) at a large traffic circle known as Oxford Circle (the express lanes pass through the circle via an underpass). The road carries northbound U.S. Route 13 one more mile until it splits off onto Robbins Street and Levick Street (both one-way streets). The road continues to a large interchange with Cottman Avenue (Pennsylvania Route 73) and the Roosevelt Mall. The traffic circle with Holme and Solly Avenues known as the Pennypack Circle was rebuilt and no longer exists. There is access to both Solly and Holme Avenues from the local lanes both north and south bound. It continues past Pennypack Park and Northeast Philadelphia Airport, passing through two notoriously dangerous intersections[4] with Grant Avenue and Red Lion Road.[6]

The road continues northeast, interchanging with Woodhaven Road (Pennsylvania Route 63), then narrowing as it approaches its end at an intersection on the Philadelphia-Bucks County border. After 2 traffic light intersections in Trevose in Bensalem Township, U.S. 1 continues as a freeway to the north.[6]

Public transportation[edit]

The Boulevard Direct, a limited-stop bus route that operates along a portion of Roosevelt Boulevard

Several SEPTA City Bus routes operate along portions of Roosevelt Boulevard, with routes 1, 14, and R following the boulevard for a significant distance. The Route 1 bus runs along the entire length of Roosevelt Boulevard as part of its route between 54th Street and City Avenue in West Philadelphia and Parx Casino and Racing in Bensalem. The Route 14 bus follows Roosevelt Boulevard north of Bustleton Avenue as part of its route between the Frankford Transportation Center to the south and the Neshaminy Mall and Oxford Valley Mall to the north. The Route R bus follows Roosevelt Boulevard south of Pratt Street as part of its route between the Wissahickon Transportation Center and the Frankford Transportation Center.[7] The portion of Roosevelt Boulevard north of Bustleton Avenue is also served by the Boulevard Direct, a limited-stop bus route between the Frankford Transportation Center and the Neshaminy Mall. The Boulevard Direct offers improved travel times compared to traditional bus service along Route 14, with more frequent service and several bus stops located on the far side of intersections to improve performance.[8]

Proposed subway[edit]

The Roosevelt Boulevard Subway is a proposed SEPTA subway line that would run along Roosevelt Boulevard. The cost of the project is estimated to be around $4.6 billion, based on a similar 2 mile long tunnel project in Seattle. The project would consist of boring a 6 mile long tunnel to be connected to an elevated section for the remainder of the line.[9] Alternatively, an enhanced bus route similar to Pittsburgh's Martin Luther King Jr. East Busway (a BRT system) could also be implemented in its place. The route was first proposed in 1913 as part of the Broad Street Subway line from Adams Avenue.[10]

History[edit]

Roosevelt Boulevard (US 1) northbound past Welsh Road

Proposed in 1903 by Mayor Samuel H. Ashbridge as part of the City Beautiful movement, the 300-foot-wide thoroughfare originally extended from Broad Street to the Torresdale neighborhood, and was first named Torresdale Boulevard, then Northeast Boulevard in 1914 when the road was completed. On its extension to Pennypack Creek in 1918, it was finally renamed to Roosevelt Boulevard, in honor of Theodore Roosevelt. The road was designated U.S. 1 in 1926, and was extended through Philadelphia to neighboring Bucks County in the post-World War II years.

The Roosevelt Expressway was built to connect the boulevard with the nearby Schuylkill Expressway (I-76).

In 1998 a series of gang-related criminal rock throwing attacks on cars driving near Ridge Avenue, Henry Avenue and Fox Street "terrorized" Philadelphia drivers.[11][12]

In 2000, by act of the state legislature, the Boulevard was designated the "Police Officer Daniel Faulkner Memorial Highway" in memory of Daniel Faulkner, a Philadelphia police officer whom Mumia Abu-Jamal was convicted of having slain in the line of duty in 1981. The designation is alongside the roadway's official name of Roosevelt Boulevard.[13][14]

There have been several plans to change the boulevard into an expressway-like artery, like the Roosevelt Expressway itself, and construct a subway underneath the boulevard, but no such plans have been acted upon.

Today, Roosevelt Boulevard is among the most congested arteries in the country. According to a 2001 report by State Farm Insurance, the second- and third-worst intersections in the country are both found on the Boulevard, at Red Lion Road and Grant Avenue, respectively, only a mile apart from each other. Red-light enforcement cameras have been installed at these intersections, as well as Cottman Avenue, and have been operational since June 1, 2005. New cameras installed at the intersections with 9th Street, Mascher Street, Levick Street, Rhawn Street, Welsh Road, and Southampton Road became operational in summer 2007. [15] Additional plans include adding cameras at Devereaux Avenue and Tyson Avenue.

Major intersections[edit]

The entire route is in Philadelphia, Philadelphia County.

Locationmi[1]kmDestinationsNotes
West Fairmount Park0.00.0 I-76 / US 1 south (Schuylkill Expressway) – Central Philadelphia, Valley ForgeExit 340B on I-76
Schuylkill RiverTwin Bridges
East FallsAllegheny West0.40.64Ridge Avenue / Kelly DriveSouthbound exit and northbound entrance; site of proposed interchange with Manayunk Expressway
1.01.6Fox Street / Henry AvenueSouthbound exit and entrance
Wissahickon Avenue south / Hunting Park AvenueNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
GermantownNicetown1.52.4Wissahickon Avenue north / Germantown AvenueNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
Hunting ParkFern Rock2.33.7 PA 611 (Broad Street)Southbound exit is via US 13
2.84.5 US 13 south (Hunting Park Avenue) / Broad StreetSouthern terminus of concurrency with US 13; southbound exit and northbound entrance
3.15.0Wingohocking Street / 9th StreetAt-grade intersection except northbound exit; western terminus of frontage roads
Oxford Circle6.410.3 PA 232 (Oxford Avenue) / Cheltenham Avenue / Castor AvenueInterchange with Oxford Circle
Oxford CircleMayfair7.111.4 US 13 north (Robbins Street) – Tacony–Palmyra BridgeOne-way northbound; northern terminus of northbound concurrency with US 13
7.211.6 US 13 (Levick Street)One-way southbound; northern terminus of southbound concurrency with US 13
8.313.4 PA 73 (Cottman Avenue) to I-95Interchange
Rhawnhurst9.415.1Holme Avenue / Solly AvenueInterchange
Bustleton10.617.1 PA 532 north (Welsh Road)Right turns via frontage roads; southern terminus of PA 532
Somerton12.420.0 PA 63 west (Red Lion Road)Right turns via frontage roads; southern terminus of concurrency with PA 63
13.722.0 PA 63 east (Woodhaven Road) to I-95Interchange with frontage roads; northern terminus of concurrency with PA 63
14.924.0 US 1 north (Lincoln Highway)Continuation into Bucks County
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Google (July 13, 2018). "Roosevelt Boulevard and Expressway" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
  2. ^ "Focus on lethal Roosevelt Blvd". The Philadelphia Inquirer. December 13, 2006.[dead link]
  3. ^ "Roosevelt Expressway (US 1): Historic Overview". The Roads of Metro Philadelphia.[unreliable source]
  4. ^ a b "List of 'most dangerous' intersections released". CNN. June 27, 2001. Archived from the original on 2007-04-05.
  5. ^ "Study Evaluates the Effectiveness of Red Light Camera Enforcement in Philadelphia". Government Technology. January 31, 2007.[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ a b c d Pennsylvania Official Tourism and Transportation Map (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. 2006. Retrieved March 26, 2007.[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ SEPTA Official Philadelphia Transit & Street Map (PDF) (Map). SEPTA. Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  8. ^ "Boulevard Direct - Service Profile". SEPTA. Retrieved October 22, 2017.
  9. ^ Smith, Sandy (May 10, 2015). "The Roosevelt Boulevard Subway Is Dead … Unless It Isn't". Philadelphia Magazine.
  10. ^ Saksa, Jim (May 19, 2015). "Mass transit plans take shape for Roosevelt Blvd". Philadelphia Inquirer.
  11. ^ Goldblatt, Michael (19 November 1998). "A Deadly Game". The Jewish Exponent. Retrieved 6 May 2015.
  12. ^ Frisby, Mann (23 October 1998). "Cops Hold 3 for Throwing Rocks at Cars". Philadelphia Daily News. Retrieved 6 May 2015.
  13. ^ "HB 2503. PN 3498" (PDF). Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Legislative Journal (40): 1431. June 14, 2000.
  14. ^ Walker, Julian. "It's Danny's way". The Northeast Times. Archived from the original on March 25, 2009.
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-01-07. Retrieved 2015-02-14.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°01′59″N 75°04′48″W / 40.032937°N 75.079879°W / 40.032937; -75.079879