|Date of birth:||January 31, 1953|
|Place of birth:||Brenham, Texas|
|Height:||5 ft 10 in (1.78 m)|
|Weight:||255 lb (116 kg)|
|High school:||Brenham (TX)|
|NFL Draft:||1975 / Round: 5 / Pick: 105|
|Career highlights and awards|
|Career NFL statistics|
|Player stats at PFR|
Roosevelt Leaks, Jr. (born January 31, 1953) is a former All-American running back and 2005 inductee to the College Football Hall of Fame. He was the first black All-American player in University of Texas history and went on to play in the National Football League (NFL) for the Baltimore Colts and Buffalo Bills.
Born and raised in Brenham, Texas, between Houston and Austin, Leaks grew up on his family's farm, where they raised, among other things, cotton and corn. His father was a farmer and day laborer. Leaks was an all-state running back and linebacker for Brenham High School in 1969 and 1970, and a star hitter and outfielder for the baseball team and helped Brenham win its first state championship in that sport in 1970.
Heavily recruited, he had his mind set on the University of Houston, until he realized that the Cougars had three other running backs in his recruiting class. Instead he signed with his second choice, the University of Texas in Austin.
Leaks arrived at UT in 1971, only one year after the Longhorns football team had their first black letterman. Freshmen weren't eligible to play on the varsity until the following year, but he soon emerged as one of the country's top running backs.
In 1972, he was the team's leading rusher, running for 1,099 yards and eight touchdowns, making him only the second Longhorn to rush for a thousand yards in a season. He earned All-Southwest Conference honors as a running back and helped Texas to a 10–1 regular season record and a #7 ranking, then a win over #4 Alabama in the Cotton Bowl. In that game, he rushed for 120 yards, which, at the time, was the third best performance by a Texas running back in the Cotton Bowl. Quarterback Alan Lowry ran for 117 yards,  making it the first time Texas had two 100-yard rushers in the same bowl game. Down 13–3 at the half the Longhorns shut out the Tide in the second half and finished third in the final AP poll.
As well as Leaks did in 1972, he was even better in 1973 as a junior. He was again the team's leading rusher, and set a school and Southwest Conference rushing records with 1,415 yards. He also set or tied 7 other school records that season, including the conferenece record for most yards in a game when he ran for 342 yards in a 42–14 win over SMU. This was only eight yards short of Eric Allen's NCAA record of 350 yards, set two years earlier in 1971. Leaks was again named All-SWC, as well as a consensus All-American. He finished third in the Heisman balloting, which made him only the fifth Longhorn Heisman finalist and tied him with James Saxton's 1961 performance for the best Longhorn Heisman finish. Texas went 8-3 in 1973 and won another Southwest Conference title and were ranked eighth, but lost the Cotton Bowl 19–3 to #12 Nebraska and finished fourteenth.
Following his success, Leaks was an early Heisman favorite for the 1974 season, but suffered a serious injury in spring drills when he leaped into the air and another player's helmet hit his knee. It required surgery and Leaks was given the option to take a redshirt season. He chose to play, but missed the first game and was hobbled by injuries all season. Freshman Earl Campbell was given the majority of carries and was the team's leading rusher and bowl MVP that year. Leaks carried the ball 96 times for 409 yards and 4 touchdowns. Texas was 8-3 in the regular season, but were runner-up to Baylor in the Southwest Conference. The #11 Longhorns lost 27–3 to #6 Auburn in the Gator Bowl, in which Leaks did not play, and fell to seventeenth in the final poll.
- UT Record - Most rushing yards, game (342), surpassed by Ricky Williams in 1998
- UT Record - Most rushing yards by a junior, game (342)
- UT Record - Most rushing yards, road game (342)
- UT Record - Most rushing yards, season (1,415), surpassed by Earl Campbell in 1977
- UT Record - Most touchdowns, season (14), tied Byron Townsend, Steve Worster and Donnie Wigginton, surpassed by Campbell in 1977
- UT Record - Most 100-yard games, season (7), tied Chris Gilbert, surpassed by Campbell in 1977
- UT Record - Most 200-yard games, season (2), tied Gilbert, tied by Campbell in 1977, surpassed by Ricky Williams in 1997
- UT Record - Most 300-yard total offense games, season (1), tied Eddie Phillips, surpassed by Donnie Little in 1980
- UT Record - Most 300-yard total offense games, career (1), tied Eddie Phillips, surpassed by Donnie Little in 1980
- UT Record - Highest Heisman voting finish (3rd), tied James Saxton, surpassed by Campbell in 1977
- SWC Record - Most rushing yards, game (342), surpassed by Tony Jeffery of TCU in 1987
- SWC Record - Most rushing yards, season (1,415), surpassed by Campbell in 1977
Candidate for Heisman
|Finalist||First place votes
(3 pts. each)
|Second place votes
(2 pts. each)
|Third place votes
(1 pt. each)
NFL and later life
Leaks was selected in the fifth round of the 1975 NFL Draft by the Baltimore Colts. He played five years for the Colts, putting up 1,268 yards and 14 touchdowns, but he spent most of his fifth season on the sidelines after the Colts added former first-round choice Don Hardeman. After the 1979 season, he was waived by Baltimore and picked up by the Buffalo Bills, where he spent four years carrying the ball and blocking for Joe Cribbs. He was considered one of the best blocking backs in the NFL and went to the playoffs 5 out of 9 years. At training camp of his tenth year he was cut by the Bills in August 1984. At that time, only one running back from his class, Walter Payton, was still playing.
Leaks and his wife had been working in the real estate business for several years before his football career ended and he transitioned into it full-time. In 1987, he began working with Texas General Land Office in Austin, eventually becoming the Director of Veterans Land Board Appraisals. He retired from that job in 2013.
- Canning, Whit (2005). Texas Longhorns: Where Have You Gone. Sports Publishing. pp. 92–93. ISBN 1582619522. Retrieved May 16, 2014.
- "Texas final finds emotion - and a win". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). Associated Press. January 2, 1973. p. 3B.
- Nissenson, Herschel (January 3, 1973). "It's official: Trojans No. 1 grid team". Reading Eagle. (Pennsylvania). Associated Press. p. 48.
- "Leaks gains 342 as SMU buried". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). Associated Press. November 4, 1973. p. 7C.
- "1973 Heisman Trophy Voting".
- "Bills cut Leaks as teams cut rosters to 60". Gadsden Times. (Alabama). Associated Press. August 22, 1984. p. D3.\
- "Texas Football Legend Roosevelt Leaks Retires" (PDF).