The Roosevelt Reservation is a 60-foot (18 m) strip of land on the United States side of the United States–Mexico Border under the jurisdiction of the United States Federal Government. It was established in a 1907 Presidential Proclamation (35 Stat. 2136) by Theodore Roosevelt in order to keep public lands in California, Arizona, and New Mexico "free from obstruction as a protection against the smuggling of goods between the United States and Mexico". Texas is not mentioned, due to the details of the Texas annexation, where Texas retained all public lands upon annexation and admittance as a state.
The area along the southwest border is composed of federal, state, tribal, and private lands; federal and tribal lands make up 632 miles, or approximately 33 percent, of the nearly 2,000 total border miles. Private and state-owned lands constitute the remaining 67 percent of the border, most of which is located in Texas
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- Spangle, Steven L. (2008-02-11). "Biological Opinion for the Proposed Installation of 5.2 Miles of Primary Fence near Lukeville, Arizona" (PDF). U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. p. 3. Retrieved 2008-10-11.
- Nuñez-Neto, Blas; Kim, Yule (2008-05-14). "Border Security: Barriers Along the U.S. International Border" (PDF). Federation of American Scientists. p. 24. Retrieved 2008-10-11.
- Roosevelt, Theodore (1907-05-27). "text, Presidential Proclamation of May 27, 1907" (PDF). Retrieved 2017-11-15.
- Dickinson, Gerald S. (2017-08-25), "Forget funding the wall, Trump needs the land first", The Hill
- McFarland, Charles (2019-02-04), Declaring a national emergency to fund Trump's border wall may be what finally kills the project, NBC News
- Southwest Border: Issues Related to Private Property Damage (GAO-15-399) (PDF), GAO, April 2015, p. 5-6
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