Rop (also known as repressor of primer) is a small protein responsible for keeping the copy number of ColE1 and related bacterial plasmids low in E. coli. Structurally, Rop is a homodimeric four-helix bundle protein formed by the antiparallel interaction of two helix-turn-helix monomers. The Rop protein's structure has been solved to high resolution. Due to its small size and known structure, Rop has been used in protein design work to rearrange its helical topology and reengineer its loop regions. In general, the four-helix bundle has been extensively used in de novo protein design work as a simple model to understand the relationship between amino acid sequence and structure.
- ^ Banner, David W.; Kokkinidis, Michael; Tsernoglou, Demetrius (August 1987). "Structure of the ColE1 Rop protein at 1.7 Å resolution". Journal of Molecular Biology. 196 (3): 657–675. doi:10.1016/0022-2836(87)90039-8. PMID 3681971.
- ^ Kresse, H. P.; Czubayko, M.; Nyakatura, G.; Vriend, G.; Sander, C.; Bloecker, H. (1 November 2001). "Four-helix bundle topology re-engineered: monomeric Rop protein variants with different loop arrangements". Protein Engineering Design and Selection. 14 (11): 897–901. doi:10.1093/protein/14.11.897. PMID 11742109.
|This protein-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|