Ropucha-class landing ship
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A Ropucha-class landing ship Kaliningrad during a visit of the Cartagena in 2004.
|Builders:||Stocznia Północna Shipyard, Gdańsk, Poland|
|Preceded by:||Polnocny class|
|Succeeded by:||Ivan Gren class|
|General characteristics |
|Type:||Landing ship/Landing Ship Tank|
|Length:||112.5 m (369 ft 1 in)|
|Beam:||15 m (49 ft 3 in)|
|Draft:||3.7 m (12 ft 2 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 diesel engines; 2 propellers, 19,200 hp (14,300 kW)|
|Speed:||18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph)|
|Range:||6,100 nmi (11,300 km; 7,000 mi) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph)|
The Ropucha class, Soviet designation Project 775, is a class of landing ships (large landing ship in Soviet classification built in Poland for the Soviet Navy and as of 2019[update] in service with the Russian Navy. The ships were built in Poland in the Stocznia Północna shipyards in Gdańsk. Designed for beach landings, they can carry a 450-ton cargo. The ships have both bow- and stern-doors for loading and unloading vehicles, and the 630 square metres (6,800 sq ft) of vehicle deck stretches the length of the hull. Up to 25 armored personnel carriers can be embarked.
While designed for roll-on/roll-off operations, they can also be loaded using dockside cranes. For this purpose there is a long sliding hatch-cover above the bow section for access to the vehicle deck. There are no facilities for helicopters.
In total, 28 ships of this type were commissioned from 1975 to 1991. The last three ships were of the improved variant Project 775M, also called Ropucha II. These have improved defensive armament and accommodation for an increased number of troops.
Most of the ships became part of the Russian Navy after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. They were used for landing troops at the Georgian port of Poti during the 2008 South Ossetia war and for deliveries of cargo during the Russian military intervention in the Syrian Civil War.
One ship of the class was delivered to the South Yemen in 1979 and served the Yemeni Navy until 2002, after it was sold as a civilian cargo named Sam of Yemen. It was the only unit of this class in service outside the former Soviet Union.
On 3 August 2012, international media reported that three vessels of the class, Aleksandr Otrakovskiy, Georgiy Pobedonosets and Kondopoga would visit the Russian naval base in Tartus, Syria. The ships were part of the Northern Fleet. Earlier reports, quoting a source at the Russian general staff, said the ships would spend a few days in Tartus and would take on fresh supplies of food and water. British media added that the ships each had up to 120 marines on board. The Russian defence ministry left open the possibility that the ships might dock there at some point for logistical reasons, saying they had every right to do so. The General Staff source, who was not named, had said that after calling in at Tartus they would head for the Bosphorus and the Russian Black Sea port of Novorossiysk.
The Ukrainian Navy's only ship of the class, Kostiantyn Olshansky, was reportedly seized by Russia's troops and accepted into service with the Russian Navy after the Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation in March 2014.
All ships of the Russia's Black Sea Fleet, namely Caesar Kunikov, Novocherkassk, Yamal and Azov were modernized with installation of the Tsentavr-NM2S, Auriga and SAILOR satellite communication systems.
- List of ships of the Soviet Navy
- List of ships of Russia by project number
- List of active Russian Navy ships
- 10.11.2010 (2008-08-10). "Black Sea Fleet hazers broke young sailor's jaw". Rusnavy.com. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
- "BBC News - Russia denies warships heading for Syria's Tartus port". Bbc.co.uk. 2012-08-03. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
- Loiko, Sergei L. (3 August 2012). "Russia reportedly sending warships with marines to Syrian waters". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 4 August 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
- "Russia sets for deploying in Syria large landing ship seized from Ukraine in annexed Crimea - media". unian.info. 9 February 2016. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
- "Оснащение больших десантных кораблей Черноморского флота системами спутниковой связи". bmpd.livejournal.com. 11 December 2018. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
- Project 775 Ropucha class Tank Landing ship - http://www.globalsecurity.org - Retrieved 2007-04-02
- The Naval Institute guide to the Soviet Navy, by Norman Polmar, United States Naval Institute, Edition 5 - 1991, p. 217-218. Available through Google books.
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