Roque Ruaño

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Rev. Fr. Roque Ruaño, O.P.
Rev. Fr. Roque Ruaño.jpg
The priest-engineer
Born16 August 1877
Died1 March 1935(1935-03-01) (aged 57)
Engineering career
Significant design
AwardsDoctorate in Civil Engineering (UST)

Rev. Fr. Roque Ruaño, O.P. (August 16, 1877 – March 5, 1935) was a Spanish priest-civil engineer. He was known after he drew up plans for University of Santo Tomas (UST) Main Building, the first earthquake-shock resistant building in Asia,[1] which was constructed at the Sulucan property of the Dominican order in city of Manila.

Early life[edit]

Born on August 16, 1877 in Palencia, Spain, Fr. Roque Ruaño submitted himself in faith to the Dominican Order in 1894. He first arrived in the Philippines in the year 1904. Upon arrival to the country, he served his first few years in the Colegio de San Juan de Letran as Father Rector. He transferred to the University of Santo Tomas and was able to obtain a Doctorate in Civil Engineering.[2]

Significant design[edit]

Fr. Roque Ruaño practiced his Engineering expertise well. As a proof, he was the builder of the Dominican Residences in Baguio City and Lingayen, Pangasinan. His most precious project and the same time UST's pride, the UST Main Building, the first earthquake-shock resistant building in the Philippines. It is with no doubt the infrastructure was well made, it has withstood the challenges of time, from the World War II, Marcos regime to the revival of democracy and until now, history is still being made. Present studies show, the design of the Main Building is consistent with modern building code and regulation.[2]

Life at the University of Santo Tomas[edit]

Fr. Ruaño was also a professor in the Faculty of Engineering (formerly School of Civil Engineering) of the University of Santo Tomas. The subjects he handled were mineralogy, geology, and harbors and lighthouses. He also became the Dean of the College and Regent from 1930 to 1935. He was also a representative in various international conventions in Tokyo (1926), Ravenna (1931) and London (1932).[2]

Death and honor[edit]

The good prelate engineer died on March 1, 1935, due to heart failure. In honor of his achievements, an edifice was named after him. It was in the corner of España Boulevard and A. H. Lacson Avenue (formerly Gov. Forbes), at first it was called Architecture and Engineering Building. In its inauguration in 1950, the site was named after him, the Roque Ruaño Building which houses the students and faculty members of the Faculty of Engineering[2] and the Institute of Information and Computing Sciences.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Magturo, D.J. (2011). "Main Building undergoes face-lift". The Varsitarian. Retrieved 2011-10-12.
  2. ^ a b c d Hall of Fame: "Thomasian Engineer Journal", p 31. Thomasian Engineer Media, 2007
Academic offices
Preceded by
Fr. Jesus Andres Villaverde, O.P.
Rector Magnificus of Colegio de San Juan de Letran
Succeeded by
Fr. Juan Ylla, O.P.
Preceded by
Don Santiago Artiaga
Dean of the UST Faculty of Engineering
Succeeded by
Alberto Guevara y Sanchez