Rosário do Sul

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Rosário do Sul
Nickname(s): "Pea Capital"
Location within Rio Grande do Sul
Location within Rio Grande do Sul
Rosário do Sul is located in Brazil
Rosário do Sul
Rosário do Sul
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 30°15′S 54°55′W / 30.250°S 54.917°W / -30.250; -54.917Coordinates: 30°15′S 54°55′W / 30.250°S 54.917°W / -30.250; -54.917
Country  Brazil
State Rio Grande do Sul
Mesoregion Southwestern Rio Grande do Sul
(Sudoeste Rio-Grandense)
Microregion Campanha Central
Founded January 4, 1876
 • Mayor Ney Padilha
 • Total 4,369 km2 (1,687 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 40,715
 • Density 9.3/km2 (24/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Rosariense
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
Postal code 97590-000
IBGE code 4318101
Distance from the capital 390 km (240 mi)

Rosário do Sul is a small Brazilian municipality in the southwestern part of the state of Rio Grande do Sul. It has a population of 40,645 (2005). Its elevation is 151 m. It has an area of 2,530.9 km2. It is located 385 km west of the state capital of Porto Alegre. The nicknames of the city are Rosul and Rosário. Its main industry is agriculture, and it has the greatest river beach in the state, the Areias Brancas Beach, which is located by the rio Santa Maria, lying next to ponte Marechal José de Abreu, the third largest in the state, 1.772 m. Many Argentine and Uruguayan tourists visits during the spring, with a large infrastructure in which accommodates the visitors.

Bounding municipalities[edit]

The origin of the name of the city[edit]

The first inhabitants came from the Mainland of Rio Grande de São Pedro and settled the area. It was founded in 1813 and received the name "Rosário". In 1939, it became a city. In the 1940s. there was a movement in changing the city name in order to avoid confusions with Rosario in Argentina located west of the city. A part of the population favour the name Minuano, others prefer a traditional name lengthened with "do Sul" for the geographical location of the city in Brazil. It was renamed to Rosário do Sul in 1944.


  • April 27, 1809 - The area became a parish of Freguesia de Nossa Senhora do Rosário do Rio Pardo
  • February 20, 1827 - The Battle of Passo do Rosário
  • February 19, 1843 - In the Passo do Rosário, with the forces of general David Canabarro and Antônio de Souza Neto.
  • September 5, 1865 - Dom Pedro II visited the parish
  • April 19, 1876 - It was elevated to a town (political and administrative autonomy under Law 1020)
  • April 25, 1877 - Installed the first chamber of winners
  • December 20, 1912 - Inauguration of the João Pessoa Municipal Theatre
  • October 12, 1925 - Foundation of Hospital de Caridade Nossa Senhora Auxiliadora
  • May 8, 1976 - Foundation of the Werneldo Horbe Public Library
  • July 3, 1969 - The Ponte Mal. José de Abreu opened
  • 1970 - Law 731 - The creation of the municipal flag
  • September 30, 1973 - Foundation of the Honório Lemes Municipal Museum
  • 1975 - Municipal Decree 58 - Creation of the official municipal anthem
  • April 19, 1976 - The centennial celebration of Rosário do Sul


  • Total population (2005): 40,715 inhabitants
  • Area (2005): 4.369,7 km²
1st – Seat: 889 km2
2nd – Mangueira: 490 km2
3rd – Caverá: 646 km2
4th – São Carlos: 620 km2
5th – Campo Seco: 1297 km2
6th – Touro Passo: 524 km2
  • Density (2005): 9.3 inhab/km2
  • Literacy rate (2000): 9.93%
  • Life expectancy (2000): 70.49 years
  • GNP (2003): R$ mil 299,733
  • GDP per capita (2003): R$7* Total Exports (2005): U$ FOB 172,583


Wheat is the dominant field crop.



  • Maximum temperature: higher than 32 °C (generally in January)
  • Minimum temperature: between 3 °C and 18 °C (generally in July)
  • Medium annual precipitation: 1600 mm
  • Winds: predominantly South Atlantic (east–west)

Rosário do Sul has one of the coolest climates in Brazil.


Rosário do Sul has many schools (The main ones are Escola de Ensino Médio Fronteira, Escola Padre Ângelo Bartelle and Escola de Ensino Médio Plácido de Castro) and two squares: Praça Borges de Medeiros and Praça do Estudante.

The Desfile Tradicional is a very large horse parade that celebrates the Declaration of Independence that started the Ragamuffin War on September 20 each year. Hundreds of Gauchos in traditional gaúcho attire parade on horseback past the central square of the city.

External links[edit]