Rosa × odorata

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Rosa × odorata
Rosa × odorata - Quarryhill Botanical Garden - DSC03239.JPG
Rosa × odorata shrub
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Rosa
Species:
R. × odorata
Binomial name
Rosa × odorata
(Andrews) Sweet
Synonyms[1]
  • Rosa gechouitangensis H.Lév.
  • Rosa odoratissima Sweet ex Lindl.
  • Rosa oulengensis H.Lév.
  • Rosa pseudindica Lindl.
  • Rosa pseudoindica Lindl. [Spelling variant]
  • Rosa thea Savi
  • Rosa tongtchouanensis H.Lév.

Rosa × odorata or Rosa odorata is a member of the genus Rosa native to Yunnan in Southwest China, whose taxonomy has been confused. It has been considered to be hybrid between Rosa gigantea and Rosa chinensis, or as a quite rare wild species that includes R. gigantea. The wild forms are cultivated to some extent.[2] Cultivars were developed in China in ancient times from R. chinensis crosses, and these have been important in the ancestry of the tea-scented China roses, also called tea roses, and their descendants the hybrid tea roses.

Varieties[edit]

Four varieties of the species are recognized in the Flora of China:[2]

  • R. odorata var. odorata, with white or pink-and-white petals
  • R. odorata var. gigantea, see Rosa gigantea, with white petals
  • R. odorata var. pseudoindica, with yellow or orange petals
  • R. odorata var. erubescens, with pale pink petals

The cultivar R. odorata 'Mutabilis' is widely cultivated, and is notable for the fact that the blooms change colour from yellow to pink. This cultivar has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 30 December 2014.
  2. ^ a b Flora of China: Rosa odorata
  3. ^ "Rosa × odorata 'Mutabilis' (Ch)". Royal Horticultural Society. 2017. Retrieved 2017-01-15.