Rosa Bonheur (Anna Elizabeth Klumpke)
|Artist||Anna Elizabeth Klumpke|
|Medium||oil paint, canvas|
|Dimensions||117.2 cm (46.1 in) × 98.1 cm (38.6 in)|
|Identifiers||The Met object ID: 11348|
Early history and creation
Bonheur was an artist whom Klumpke "had long admired." The two artists had been corresponding for some time prior to 1898. Klumpke was persuaded by a conversation with members of the Douglas Miller family to ask to paint Bonheur. On September 14, 1897, Klumpke wrote to Bonheur, asking if she might paint her portrait.  On March 31, 1898, Bonheur responded, "I am at your disposal, dear mademoiselle, for the portrait."
Kumpke started work on the oil on canvas portrait in June 1898. Klumpke wrote that she "was delighted that Rosa Bonheur had offered of her own accord to pose in women's clothes." Bonheur would not pose for Klumpke every day, saying that she "can't stand long sittings." During the times she posed for Klumpke, the two artists talked about art and literature, told stories, and discussed religion and morality. Klumpke's work on the painting was also dictated by Bonheur, who wanted the younger artist to follow her suggestions about sketching and artwork. Maria Tamboukou writes that the interplay of conversation and sittings for the creation of the painting show Bonheur to be "a woman in love" with Klumpke.
Description and interpretation
The work depicts French painter Rosa Bonheur. Klumpke was also a biographer for Bonheur's life and work. Bonheur is depicted sitting at her easel and wearing her medal of the Legion of Honor. Bonheur is wearing a long frogged coat and a stiff white collar. In her hand is a drawing and on the easel is the beginning of a painting of three horses. The expression of Bonheur's face "hovers between the pensive and the provocative," according to Britta C. Dwyer.
Klumpke remained with Bonheur in France as her companion. On Bonheur's death in 1899, the year after the portrait was competed, Klumpke inherited Bonheur's home and studio at the Château de By near Fontainebleau. The painting was owned by Klumpke and her sister and agent, Dorothea Roberts, until 1922. In that year, Klumpke gifted the work to the Met.
- "Rosa Bonheur". Metropolitan Museum of Art.
- "Rosa Bonheur | Anna Klumpke | 22.222 | Work of Art | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art". The Met’s Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. Retrieved 2017-06-21.
- Kuiper, Kathleen. "Rosa Bonheur | French painter". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-06-21.
- Klumpke 2001, pp. 27-28.
- Klumpke 2001, p. 28.
- Klumpke 2001, p. 30.
- Klumpke 2001, p. 31.
- Klumpke 2001, p. 33.
- Klumpke 2001, pp. 37-38.
- Tamboukou 2010, pp. 69-70.
- Tamboukou 2010, p. 70.
- Corrinne, Tee A. (January 1998). "Reviews: Lesbian Biography". Lambda Book Report. 6 (6): 27 – via EBSCOhost.
- Hird 1904, p. 78.
- Dwyer 2004, pp. 73-74.
- Dwyer 2004, p. 74.
- Dwyer, Britta C. (2004). "Bridging the Gap of Difference: Anna Klumpke's 'Union' With Rosa Bonheur". In Fattal, Laura Felleman; Salus, Carol (eds.). Out of Context: American Artists Abroad. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger. ISBN 9780313316494.
- Hird, Frank (1904). Rosa Bonheur. London: George Bell & Sons.
- Klumpke, Anna (2001). Rosa Bonheur: Sa Vie, Son Oeuvre [Rosa Bonheur: The Artists's (Auto)biography]. Translated by Gretchen van Slyke. Ann Arbor, Michigan: The University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0472088424.
- Tamboukou, Maria (2010). In the Fold between Power and Desire: Women Artists’ Narratives. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. ISBN 9781443821483.