|This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (October 2010)|
|Birth name||Rosa Deschamps|
November 24, 1896|
Henderson, Kentucky, United States
|Died||April 6, 1968
Roosevelt Island, New York City, United States
|Genres||Classic female blues, jazz|
|Labels||Paramount, Victor, Columbia, Vocalion, Ajax, Pathe & Perfect, Brunswick, Silvertone, Emerson, Banner, Oriole, Regal, Domino, Edison, Marathon|
Born Rosa Deschamps in Henderson, Henderson County, Kentucky, she is remembered as one of the greats of the 1920s and 1930s classic blues era. Her career as an entertainer began in 1913 when she joined her uncle's circus troupe.
She married Douglas "Slim" Henderson in 1918 and began travelling with his Mason-Henderson show. Her career as a musical comedian started during the early 1920s, after she moved to New York, where she performed on Broadway. She eventually also performed in London.
Her nine-year recording career began in 1923. During that time she recorded upwards of one hundred songs, using numerous pseudonyms, such as Sally Ritz, Flora Dale, Sarah Johnson, Josephine Thomas, Gladys White and Mamie Harris. She was accompanied by such bands as the Virginians, Fletcher Henderson's Jazz Five, Fletcher Henderson's Orchestra, Fletcher Henderson's Club Alabam Orchestra, the Choo Choo Jazzers, the Kansas City Five, the Three Jolly Miners, the Kansas City Four, the Three Hot Eskimos, and the Four Black Diamonds.
Although there was a marked decline in the number of her recordings after 1926, she continued performing until 1932, when she took a job in a New York department store. She continued to perform benefit concerts until the 1960s.
- "Biography by Scott Yanow". Allmusic.com. Retrieved October 6, 2011.