Rosalía Arteaga

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Rosalía Arteaga
DRA. ROSALIA ARTEAGA (25654658468) (cropped).jpg
39th President of Ecuador
In office
February 9, 1997 – February 11, 1997
Preceded byAbdalá Bucaram
Succeeded byFabián Alarcón
Vice President of Ecuador
In office
August 10, 1996 – February 6, 1997
PresidentAbdalá Bucaram
Preceded byEduardo Peña
In office
February 11, 1997 – March 30, 1998
PresidentFabián Alarcón
Succeeded byPedro Aguayo Cubillo
Personal details
Lupe Rosalía Arteaga Serrano

(1956-12-05) December 5, 1956 (age 64)
Cuenca, Azuay, Ecuador
Political partyAlfarista Radical Front (Before 1995)
Independent Movement for an Authentic Republic (1995–2001)
Spouse(s)Pedro Fernández de Córdova Álvarez (divorced)
ResidenceQuito, Ecuador
EducationPontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador
University of Cuenca
  • Lawyer
  • politician
  • writer

Rosalía Arteaga Serrano (born December 5, 1956) is an Ecuadorian politician who served as the country's first female head of state as acting president for a few days in 1997.[1]


She was born in Cuenca, Ecuador.


She became Vice President in 1996, following the election of Abdalá Bucaram as President.[2] On February 6, 1997, however, President Bucaram was declared unfit to govern by Congress. Arteaga and congressional leader Fabián Alarcón became locked in a dispute over who should succeed Bucaram since the constitution was vague on the issue. Initially, Alarcón was sworn in with the support of Congress. On February 9, however, Arteaga, who had insisted that as vice president she should become president, was sworn in instead as Ecuador's first female president. Two days later, however, on February 11, with the support of Congress and the army, Alarcón was sworn in again, and Arteaga resigned.

Arteaga continued to clash with Alarcón and resigned from her post as vice president in March 1998. She then ran for president in the elections that were held in May 1998 but received only 3% of the vote.


Arteaga was secretary-general of the Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization until 2007 and is a member of the editorial board of the Encyclopædia Britannica.[3]

She continues to receive a lifetime pension from the Ecuadorian government of $ 48.690 annually.

She serves as a member of the Nizami Ganjavi International Center, a global policy think-tank composed primarily of current and former presidents and prime ministers, and has lately contributed an article on "The Virus and the Economy" to its journal.[4]


  1. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica – About the Editorial Board
  2. ^ "Vicepresidentes en la historia" (PDF). Retrieved November 25, 2017.
  3. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica – About the Editorial Board
  4. ^ The Virus and the Economy, her article in the special edition of Global Policy Analysis, the flagship journal of the Nizami Ganjavi International Center, Baku, 2020 [1]
Political offices
Preceded by
Eduardo Peña
Vice President of Ecuador
Succeeded by
Pedro Aguayo Cubillo
Preceded by
Fabián Alarcón
President of Ecuador
Succeeded by
Fabián Alarcón