Rosalind Bengelsdorf Browne

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Rosalind Bengelsdorf Browne
Rosalind Bengelsdorf Browne.jpg
Bengelsdorf c. 1936
Born Rosalind Bengelsdorf
April 30, 1916
New York, N.Y.
Died February 10, 1979 (aged 62)
New York, N.Y.
Residence New York, N.Y.
Nationality American
Occupation Art critic, painter, educator
Spouse(s) Byron Browne (1907–1961)

Rosalind Bengelsdorf Browne (1916–1979) was an American painter, art critic and educator.

Biography[edit]

Rosalind Bengelsdorf was born April 30, 1916 in New York, NY.[1] She studied at the Art Students League of New York as a teenager (1930-1934) with John Steuart Curry, Raphael Soyer, Anne Goldthwaite, and George Bridgman. In 1935 she joined the atelier of artist Hans Hofmann. She held a growing belief that the picture plane was a “living reality” of forms, energies, and colors. Because of this belief, Hofmann became a mentor to her for his dedication to painting as an independent object. Like Hofmann, she believed that “the shapes that compose the picture below to nothing else but the picture.” With his encouragment, she began to merge the idea that space is filled with “myriad, infinitesimal subdivisions” that changed into vibrating interplay of elements into her work. She felt that the abstract painter was observing the world and nature, tearing it apart, and putting it back together in a unique way.[2] In 1936, she began working as a WPA Federal Art Project muralist with Burgoyne Diller for the Central Nurses Home on Welfare Island. The mural, entitled Abstraction (now destroyed), balances simple geometric forms through position and color.[2]

Bengelsdorf married the artist Byron Browne in 1940. The couple agreed there should be only “one painter in the family,” so Bengelsdorf stopped painting and pursued teaching and writing. She resumed painting after her husband's death in 1961.[3]

A founding member of the American Abstract Artists, Bengelsdorf Brown championed the cause of abstract art throughout her career.

The Rosalind Bengelsdorf Browne papers[4] and a 1968 oral history interview[5] are located at the Archives of American Art.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vassar College. Art Gallery; Karal Ann Marling; Helen A. Harrison; Air Gallery, A.I.R. Gallery (New York, N.Y.) (1976). 7 American women: the depression decade : Rosalind Bengelsdorf, Lucienne Bloch, Minna Citron, Marion Greenwood, Doris Lee, Elizabeth Olds, Concetta Scaravaglione : an exhibition ... Vassar College Art Gallery, January 19 through March 5, 1976 ... sponsored by the A.I.R. Gallery ... : guest curators, Karal Ann Marling, Helen A. Harrison. Vassar College Art Gallery. Retrieved 29 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Rosalind Bengelsdorf". Smithsonian American Art Museum. Retrieved 30 March 2013. 
  3. ^ Fraser, C. Gerald (February 14, 1979). "Rosalind Browne, 62; Was Abstract Painter, Teacher and Historian". New York Times. 
  4. ^ "Rosalind Bengelsdorf Browne papers, 1927-1978". Archives of American Art. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 30 March 2013. 
  5. ^ "Oral history interview with Rosalind Bengelsdorf Browne, 1968 Jan. 29". Archives of American Art. Smithsonian Institution. 29 January 1968.