Rosalyn Drexler

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Rosalyn Drexler
Rosalyn Drexler at her publisher's office, circa 1960.jpg
Rosalyn Drexler at her publisher's office
(circa 1960)
Born Rosalyn Bronznick
(1926-11-25)November 25, 1926
Bronx, NY, United States
Nationality American
Known for Painting
Notable work Marilyn Pursued by Death, 1963
Movement Pop Art
Spouse(s) Sherman Drexler (1925-2014)

Rosalyn Drexler (born 1926) is an American artist, novelist, Obie Award-winning playwright, and Emmy Award-winning screenwriter, and former professional wrestler. Although her early work was in sculpture, she was better known for her multimedia pop culture assemblages of found objects and her paintings, which included found images.[1] Recently, her work has received renewed critical attention and a retrospective exhibition of her career opened at the Rose Art Museum in February 2016.

Currently, in 2017, Drexler lives and works in New York, New York.


Biography[edit]

Drexler (née Bronznick) was born in 1926 in the Bronx, New York.[2] She grew up in the Bronx and East Harlem, New York. Drexler had considerable exposure to the performing arts as a child, attending vaudeville acts with her friends and family.[3] Her parents also exposed her to the visual arts at an early age, buying her art posters, books,[4] coloring boxes, and crayons, which she has cited as an influence.[5]

She attended the High School of Music and Art in New York City where she majored in voice.[1] She attended Hunter College for one semester only before leaving school to marry figure painter Sherman Drexler at 19[4] in 1946.[6] She is the subject of many of her husband's paintings.[7] Together, they had a daughter and a son.

Professional Wrestling Career[edit]

In 1951 the Drexlers lived near Botner's Gymnasium where a number of female professional wrestlers and carnies practiced. Drexler started working out and learning Judo there. She heard of a man, Billy Wolfe, who was organizing a women’s wrestling team. After having to call her husband for permission, she went down in Florida to train, wrestle, and tour under the character of "Rosa Carlo, the Mexican Spitfire."[8][9] She did it out of a need to “get away from this family thing for a while…[it] was too much for [her]". While on tour, she wrestled in odd places such as a graveyard and an airplane-hangar.[2] There is also a photo of her getting ready with an advertisement that she would be fighting Mae Young, a famous professional wrestler.[10] She went on tour around the country, but returned home after becoming upset about racism in the southern states, such as segregated seating and water fountains.[2] Andy Warhol made a series of silkscreen paintings based on a photograph of Drexler as Rosa Carlo.[11]

Drexler's experience as Rosa Carlo later formed the basis of her 1972 critically acclaimed novel To Smithereens. She wrote the novel because she hated the experience, but thought it should not be wasted, and she should "at least get a book out of it."[4] The novel was the basis of the 1980 film Below the Belt. The producers contacted Drexler about the title, to which she said that it was “not a wrestling title at all…[but] they said, ‘It sounds sexy.’”[5]

When she was 54, she tried getting back into being an athlete and entered a power lifting contest, which she did not win.[5]

She has made some paintings based around women’s wrestling, including Take Down (1963),[12] Lost Match (1962), and The Winner (1965).[13]

Artistic Style[edit]

Drexler began making found-object sculptures for display in her home while living in Berkeley, California where her husband was finishing his art degree. The sculptures were plaster accretions, built around found scrap metal and wood armatures, and reflected the informal Abstract-Expressionist-influenced Beat sculpture of the time.[3] In 1955, Drexler exhibited her first works alongside her husband's paintings.

At the urging of David Smith[5] and dealer Ivan Karp, she continued to exhibit after the couple moved to New York City. One critic called these early works "ridiculous and nutty" sculptures that revealed a "real beauty beneath their I-don't-care attitudes."[14] Her works were shown in New York in 1960 at Reuben Gallery, at which she participated in Happenings.[15] Her work was praised by David Smith and Franz Kline of the New York School. When the Reuben Gallery closed after one year, she received no offers because “women [sculptors] were not bankable at [the] time.” She made a swift shift to painting in an attempt to gain more offers.[16] She did odd jobs to make a living while artmaking, including being a waitress, a cigarette girl, a hatcheck, and a masseuse.[4]

By 1961, Drexler started changing her work from assemblage to Pop Art.[17][18] She searched through old magazines, posters, and newspapers to source imagery for her paintings. Her self-taught process consisted of blowing up images from magazines and newspapers, collaging them onto canvas, and then painting over them in bright, saturated colors. She has said that she “[likes] the feel of the brush against the edge.” She also has a fondness for Elmer’s Glue in her work, saying it “doesn’t get enough credit for its role in art.”[5] Drexler has never had a studio of her own while she wasn’t a student, and usually worked anywhere she could, typically the home.[19] With her use of popular imagery in her art, she became an early adherent of the Pop art movement.

Drexler signed with Kornblee Gallery, where she had solo shows in 1964–1966. In January 1964 her work was included in the "First International Girlie Exhibit" at Pace Gallery, New York. She and Marjorie Strider were the only two women Pop artists included in this exhibition, which also featured Warhol, Lichtenstein, and Tom Wesselmann. Drexler exhibited collages cut and pasted from girlie magazines. The work scandalized some, but her paintings were mostly well received. One critic noted, "Miss Drexler's collage paintings…fly through contemporary life and fantasy with a virtuosic, uninhibited imagination that is refreshingly direct in its frank expression of brutality, desire, pathos and playfulness."[20]

Drexler's paintings continued to enjoy favorable reviews and were exhibited in major Pop art exhibitions throughout the 1960s. She did not gain the level of recognition of many of her male peers; the major themes in her paintings—violence against women, racism, social alienation—were controversial topics in a genre known for being "cool" and detached.[21] She's stated:

"I was happy being productive and having good friends and being ignored. But now I’m getting angry about it, looking back!"[4]

Drexler's Pop paintings have been identified more recently as early feminist artworks, although Drexler objected to this categorization, denying any deliberate political message in her work.[22] In spite of this, in 1968, Drexler signed the "Writers and Editors War Tax Protest" pledge, vowing to refuse tax payments in protest against the Vietnam War.[23]

Major Themes & Works[edit]

As well as drawing from her own experience, Drexler's work often revolves around women's roles as portrayed in pulp cinema, including women as moll, femme fatale, home wrecker - those in need of "moral comeuppance".[24] Her images were drawn from easily understood public media.

Her The Love and Violence series is a body of paintings that depicts abusive relationships between men and women. The canvases evoke the covers of pulp fiction novels, B-movie posters, and scenes from gangster films or film noir.[25] Works such as I Won’t Hurt You (1964), This is My Wedding (1963), and Rape (1962) depict sexual violence against women. While the men depicted are most often the abusers, in some paintings, such as Kiss Me, Stupid (1964) and Dangerous Liaison (1963), the dynamic between the male and female subjects is left more indeterminate. Other works in this series include The Bite (1963), Love and Violence (1965), and Baby, It's Alright (1963).

Is It True What They Say About Dixie? (1966) was inspired by a newspaper photo of Bull Connor, the police chief who instigated the Birmingham race riot of 1963, leading a group of white supremacists. The figures advance towards the viewer dressed in black suits against a stark white background. The painting, with a title taken from an American popular song, acts as an ironic commentary on the racial violence of her time.[26] Similar in composition and intent is the painting F.B.I. (1964) that both glamorizes the depicted government agents and questions their status as figures of authority.

The Men and Machines series, showing working men with various types of mechanical equipment, portrays Cold-War era images of technological advancements and plays on the cliché of machines as phallic symbols of male sexual power. Paintings in this series include Pilot to Tower (1966). Marilyn Pursued by Death (1967) is an image of Marilyn Monroe being followed by a male figure. Although "Death" appears to be a stalker or member of the paparazzi, the photograph after which the painting was made makes clear that the man is actually her bodyguard.

Paintings made after movie posters include King Kong aka The Dream (1963), modeled after the lobby card for John Lemont's 1961 film Konga, and Chubby Checker (1964), based on the poster for 1961 movie musical Twist Around the Clock.

Connections with Other Artists[edit]

Drexler has listed Franz Kline and Bill and Elaine de Kooning as close friends of her and her husband.[4] She also had connections to Eva Hesse, George Segal (whom she posed for), Lucas Samaras, Claus Oldenburg, Billy Kluver, Bob Beauchamp, Dodie Müller, Alice Neel, and Joy Harjo. She also worked on plays with John Vaccaro, whom she described as “a terrifying creative projectile…”[5]

Books[edit]

Novels[edit]

  • I Am the Beautiful Stranger (1965)
  • One or Another (1970)
  • To Smithereens (1972)
  • The Cosmopolitan Girl (1974)
  • Unwed Widow (1975)—written under the pseudonym Julia Sorel
  • Starburn: The Story of Jenni Love (1979)
  • Bad Guy (1982)
  • Art Does (Not!) Exist (1996)
  • Vulgar Lives (2007)

Adapted Screenplays[edit]

written under the pseudonym Julia Sorel

  • Dawn: Portrait of a Teenage Runaway (1976)—Adapted from the screenplay by Dalene Young
  • Rocky (1976)—Based on the screenplay by Sylvester Stallone
  • Alexander, The Other Side of Dawn (1977)—Adapted from the screenplay by Dalene Young
  • See How She Runs (1978)—Adapted from the screenplay by Marvin Gluck

Plays[edit]

Published work[edit]

  • Home Movies (1964).
  • The Line of Least Existence and Other Plays (1967)
  • "Skywriting" in Collision Course (1968)
  • "Hot Buttered Roll" in Theatre Experiment: An Anthology of American Plays (1968)
  • Methuen Playscripts (1969)
  • "Home Movies" in The Off-Off Broadway Book: The Plays, People, Theatre (1972)
  • Fiction (1972)
  • "Skywriting" in A Century of Plays by American Women, edited by Rachel France (1979)
  • Transients Welcome: Three One-Act Plays (1984)
  • "Occupational Hazard" in Women on the Verge: 7 Avant-Garde American Plays (1993)

Productions[edit]

Film and Television[edit]

TV[edit]

Film[edit]

  • Who Does She Think She Is? (1975), an hour-long film about Rosalyn Drexler directed by Patricia Lewis Jaffe and Gaby Rodgers
  • Below the Belt (1980), directed by Robert Fowler, suggested by Rosalyn Drexler's novel To Smithereens

Awards[edit]

Selected Exhibitions[edit]

Solo Exhibitions[edit]

1960

  • Reuben Gallery, New York, February 19–March 10

1964

  • Rosalyn Drexler, Kornblee Gallery, New York, March 17–April 14
  • Rosalyn Drexler, Ward-Nasse Gallery, Boston, October 3–22
  • Sun Gallery, Provincetown, Massachusetts

1965

  • Feingarten Galleries, Chicago, Illinois
  • Rosalyn Drexler, Kornblee Gallery, New York, April 24–May 8

1966

  • Rosalyn Drexler, Kornblee Gallery, New York, March 19–April 14

1967

  • Rosalyn Drexler, The Contemporary Gallery, Jewish Community Center, Kansas City, Missouri, November 4–24

1973

  • Rockland Community College, State University of New York, Suffern

1976

  • Saint Catherine College, St. Paul, Minnesota

1986–1987

  • Rosalyn Drexler: Intimate Emotions, Grey Art Gallery and Study Center, New York University, New York, July 14–August 28, 1986; Greenville County Museum of Art, South Carolina, September 9–October 12, 1986; Museum of Art, University of Iowa, Iowa City, November 1, 1986–January 11, 1987

1992

  • Life: The Magic Show, La MaMa Galleria, New York, November

1998

  • Nothing Personal: Recent Paintings, Maurine and Robert Rothschild Gallery, Bunting Institute, Radcliffe College, Cambridge, Massachusetts, September 27–October 18

2000

  • I Won’t Hurt You: Paintings, 1962–1999, Nicholas Davies Gallery, New York, March 7–April 8

2004

  • Rosalyn Drexler: To Smithereens, Paintings, 1961–2003, Rosenwald-Wolf Gallery, University of the Arts, Philadelphia, February 27–April 9

2006

  • Rosalyn Drexler and the Ends of Man: Works from 1961–2001, Paul Robeson Gallery, Rutgers, State University of New Jersey, Newark, September 5–October 18

2007

  • Rosalyn Drexler: I Am the Beautiful Stranger, Paintings of the ’60s, Pace Wildenstein, New York, March 16–April 21

2015

  • Rosalyn Drexler: Vulgar Lives, Garth Greenan Gallery, New York, February 19–March 28

2016–2017

  • Rosalyn Drexler: Who Does She Think She Is?, Rose Art Museum, Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts, February 11, 2016–June 6, 2016; Albright Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, October 22, 2016–January 29, 2017; Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum, St. Louis, February 10–April 17, 2017

Group Exhibitions[edit]

1954

  • [Rosalyn and Sherman Drexler], Courtyard Gallery, Berkeley, California, November 29–December 15

1960

  • Homage to Albert Camus, Stuttman Gallery, New York, New York, May 4–28
  • New Forms—New Media II, Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, September 28–October 22

1961

  • Group Show, Tanager Gallery, New York, May 19–June 8
  • Great Jones Gallery, New York
  • H.C.E. Gallery, Provincetown, Massachusetts

1962

  • The Closing Show: 1952–1962, Tanager Gallery, New York, May 25–June 14

1963

  • Rosalyn Drexler and Tom Doyle, Zabriskie Gallery, New York, April 15–May 4
  • Contemporary Sculptors, Riverside Museum, New York, New York. April–May 26
  • Summer Shades, Kornblee Gallery, New York, New York, July 6–31
  • Pop Art USA, Oakland Art Museum, California, and California College of Arts and Crafts, Oakland, September 7–29
  • Mixed Media and Pop Art, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York, November 19–December 15

1964

  • Inform and Interpret, American Federation of Arts, New York
  • Washington Gallery of Modern Art, Washington, DC
  • First International Girlie Show, Pace Gallery, New York, January 7–25; Pace Gallery, Boston, February 16–March 11
  • The New Art, Davison Center, Wesleyan University, Middletown, Connecticut, March 1–22
  • Some Contemporary American Figure Painters, Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, Connecticut, May 1–31
  • Collage-Assemblage Exhibition, Pace Gallery, Boston, Massachusetts, December 1–31

1964–1965

  • The Painter and the Photograph, Rose Art Museum, Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts, October 5–November 2, 1964; Museum of Art, Indiana University, Bloomington, November 15–December 20, 1964; Museum of Art, University of Iowa, Iowa City, January 3–February 10, 1965; Isaac Delgado Museum of Art, New Orleans, February 28–March 22, 1965; Museum of Art, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, April 1–May 7, 1965; Santa Barbara Museum of Art, California, May 19–June 21, 1965
  • Dealer’s Choice: An Exhibition of Paintings, Drawings, and Prints, Contemporary Art Museum, Houston, December 3, 1964–January 3, 1965

1965–1966

  • American Federation of Arts: Inform and Interpret, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, October 1–22, 1965; Akron Art Institute, OH, November 5–26, 1965; Contemporary Arts Association, Houston, TX, December 10–31, 1965; Centennial Art Museum, Corpus Christi, TX, January 14–February 4, 1966; Juniata College, Huntington, PA, February 23–March 16, 1966; Ithaca College, NY, May 3–24, 1966; State University College, Brockport, NY, July 20–August 17, 1966; State University of New York, Potsdam, October 5–26, 1966
  • Recent Acquisitions, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, New York, May 19, 1965–May 15, 1966

1965

  • Eleven from the Reuben Gallery, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, January
  • The New American Realism, Worcester Art Museum, Massachusetts, February 18–April 4
  • Pop Art and the American Tradition, Milwaukee Art Center, Wisconsin, April 9–May 9

1966

  • The Harry N. Abrams Family Collection, Jewish Museum, New York, June 29–September 5

1967

  • The Helen W. and Robert M. Benjamin Collection, Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Connecticut, May 4–June 18
  • Protest and Hope: An Exhibition of Contemporary American Art, Wollman Hall, New School Art Center, New York City, October 24–December 2, 1967
  • Homage to Marilyn Monroe, Sidney Janis Gallery, New York, December 6–30

1968–1969

  • Selections from the Permanent Collection, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, New York, December, 1968–February, 1969

1970

  • January ’70: Contemporary Women Artists, Hathorn Gallery, Skidmore College, Saratoga Springs, New York, January 6–29
  • Pop Plus: Selections from the Permanent Collection, Whitney Museum of American Art Downtown Branch, New York, New York, June 20–August 16

1970–1971

  • Women in the Permanent Collection, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, New York, December 16, 1970–January 19, 1971

1972

  • Unmanly Art, Suffolk Museum, Stony Brook, New York, October 14–November 24

1973

  • Rockland Community College, State University of New York, Suffern

1974

  • Six Women at Bienville, Bienville Gallery, New Orleans, Louisiana, March 27–April 13
  • American Pop Art, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, April 6–June 16

1975

  • Gallery 101, Stamford, Connecticut

1976

  • College of St. Katherine, Saint Paul, Minnesota

1977

  • Pop Plus: Selections from the Permanent Collection, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, June 20–August 15

1978

  • Another Aspect of Pop Art, Institute for Art and Urban Resources, P.S. 1 Contemporary Art Center, Queens, New York, October 1–November 19

1979

  • Women Artists in Washington Collections, Art Gallery, University of Maryland, College Park, January 18–February 25

1984

  • American Women Artists: Part I, 20th Century Pioneers, Sidney Janis Gallery, New York, January 12–February 4
  • 1+1, Bernice Steinbaum Gallery, New York, January 24–February 18
  • The New Portrait, Institute for Art and Urban Resources, P.S. 1 Contemporary Art Center, Queens, New York, April 25–June 10

1987

  • Made in U.S.A.: An Americanization in Modern Art, the ’50s and ’60s, University Art Museum, University of California, Berkeley, April 4–June 21; Nelson-Atkins *Museum of Art, Kansas City, Missouri, July 25–September 6; Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, October 7–December 7

1991

  • The Abortion Project, Simon Watson Gallery, New York, March 30–April 27

1992

  • Anniversary Invitational, AIR Gallery, New York

1993

  • In the Ring, Newhouse Center for Contemporary Art, Snug Harbor Cultural Center, Staten Island, New York, March 21–September 6

2001

  • Pop Art: U.S./U.K. Connections, 1956–1966, Menil Collection, Houston, January 26–May 13

2007–2008

  • Beauty and the Blonde: An Exploration of American Art and Popular Culture, Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri, November 16, 2007–January 28, 2008

2010 50 Years at Pace, Pace Gallery, New York, September 17–October 23

2010–2011

  • Seductive Subversion: Women Pop Artists, 1958–1968, Rosenwald-Wolf Gallery, University of the Arts, Philadelphia, January 22–March 15, 2010; Sheldon Museum of Art, Lincoln, Nebraska, July 30–September 10, 2010; Brooklyn Art Museum, New York, October 10, 2010–January 9, 2011; Tufts University Art Gallery, Medford, Massachusetts, January 20–April 3, 2011
  • Power Up: Female Pop Art, Kunsthalle Wien, Vienna, November 5, 2010–February 20, 2011; Deichtorhallen Hamburg, April 29–July 10, 2011; Städtische Galerie Bietigheim-Bissingen, Germany, July 23–October 9, 2011

2012

  • In the Pink, Joe Sheftel Gallery, New York, June 21–July 3

2012–2013

  • Sinister Pop, Whitney Museum of American Art, Nov. 15, 2012–March 31, 2013

2014

  • Pop Abstraction, Garth Greenan Gallery, New York, January 18–February 15, 2014

2014–2015

  • Pop to Popism, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, November 1, 2014–March 1, 2015

2015

  • Paper, Garth Greenan Gallery, New York, July 9–August 14, 2015

2015–2016

  • International Pop, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota, April 11-September 6; Dallas Museum of Art, Dallas, Texas, October 11, 2015–January 17, 2016; Philadelphia Museum of Art, Pennsylvania, February 24–May 15, 2016

2016–2017

  • Human Interest: Portraits from the Whitney’s Collection, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, April 6, 2016 – February 12, 2017

2017

  • Inventing Downtown: Artist-Run Galleries in New York City, 1952–1965, Grey Art Gallery, New York University, January 10–April 1
  • March Madness, Fort Gansevoort, New York, March 17–May 7

Collections[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Johnston, Jill. "Rosalyn Drexler and Tom Doyle [Zabriskie; April 15–May 4]" (exhibition review). Art News 62 (April 1963): 14.
  • Sontag, Susan. "Going to Theater, etc." Partisan Review (Summer 1964).
  • Bourdon, David. "A Bout With Roslayn Drexler." Village Voice, 1965: 5–6.
  • Lippard, Lucy. Pop Art. New York: Praeger, 1966.
  • Drexler, Rosalyn. "Eight Artists Reply: Why Have There been No Great Women Artists?" Art News 69 (January 1971): 40–41.
  • Hess, Thomas B. and E.C. Baker. Art & Sexual Politics: Women's Liberation, Women Artists and Art History. New York: Art News Series, Collier Books, 1973.
  • Alloway, Lawrence. American Pop Art. New York: Collier Books, 1974.
  • Alloway, Lawrence. Topics in American Art since 1945. New York: W.W. Norton Co., 1975.
  • Women in the Arts: Artists Choice, 1976–1977. New York: Women in the Arts Foundation, 1976.
  • Munro, Eleanor C. Originals: American Women Artists. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1979.
  • Taylor, Roger G. Marilyn in Art. London: Elm Tree Books, 1984.
  • Russell, John. "Intimate Emotions" (exhibition review). The New York Times, 25 July 1986.
  • Newhall, Edith. "Eye of the Prophet." New York Magazine, 11 August 1986: 15.
  • Drexler Rosalyn and Steve Bottoms, "Rosalyn Drexler, Interviewed by Steve Bottoms, NYC, 14/8/96", August 14, 1996.
  • Danatt, Adrian. "NY Artist Q&A: Rosalyn Drexler" (interview). The Art Newspaper, (March 2000): 77.
  • De Salvo, Donna. "Underrated: Rosalyn Drexler." Art News (December 2000): 121–130.
  • Brauer, David E. Pop Art: US/UK Connections (exhibition catalogue). Ostfildern-Ruit: Hatje Cantz Publishers, 2001.
  • To Smithereens: Paintings 1961–2003 (exhibition catalogue). Texts by Sid Sachs and Robert Storr. Philadelphia: The University of The Arts, 2004.
  • Rosalyn Drexler and the Ends of Man: Works from 1961–2001 (exhibition catalogue). Newark, NJ: Paul Robeson Gallery, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 2006.
  • Rosalyn Drexler: I am the Beautiful Stranger. Paintings of the ‘60s (exhibition catalogue). Text by Arne Glimcher and Rosalyn Drexler. New York: PaceWildenstein, 2007.
  • Baker, R.C. "Mexican Spitfire Returns" (PaceWildenstein exhibition preview). Village Voice, 7–13 March 2007.
  • Yau, John. "Rosalyn Drexler: I am the Beautiful Stranger—Paintings of the ‘60s" (exhibition review). The Brooklyn Rail, 16 March–21 April 2007: 36.
  • Minioudaki, Kalliopi. "Pop's Ladies and Bad Girls: Axell, Pauline Boty and Rosalyn Drexler." Oxford Art Journal 30.3 2007, 402-430.
  • Sachs, Sid and Kalliopi Minioudaki, eds. Seductive Subversion: Women Pop Artists, 1958-1968. [exhibition catalogue] University of the Arts, Philadelphia. New York and London: Abbeville Press, 2010.
  • Hirsch, Faye. "Rosalyn Drexler." Art in America, (May 2015):105, 157.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sachs, Sid (2010). Seductive Subversion: Women Pop Artists, 1958-1968. Philadelphia: University of the Arts. pp. 162–72. ISBN 9780981911922. 
  2. ^ a b c John Yau, "In Conversation: Rosalyn Drexler with John Yau" the Brooklyn Rail, July–August 2007.
  3. ^ a b Siegel, Katy (2016). Rosalyn Drexler: Who Does She Think She Is?. New York: Gregory R. Miller & Co. ISBN 9781941366097. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Rosalyn Drexler". ArtForum. February 8, 2016. Retrieved March 11, 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Yau, John (July 6, 2007). "Rosalyn Drexler with John Yau". The Brooklyn Rail. Retrieved March 11, 2017. 
  6. ^ Fallon, Roberta (March 27, 2004). "You couldn't have known my work. How could you?". www.theartblog.org. 
  7. ^ Her husband, a figure painter, considers her his only model—and 'that's the way it had damed well better be,' said Mrs. Drexler." Excerpt from Grace Glueck, "Hip Heidi," The New York Times, April 25, 1965. See also: Drexler, Sherman (2005). "Art Paradise: Fifty Years of Painting. January 13-February 12, 2005". Mitchell Algus Gallery (Press release). 
  8. ^ Roni Feinstein, "Strangers No More," Art in America, June/July 2007, p. 177.
  9. ^ Gallagher, Paul (May 14, 2014). "ROSALYN DREXLER: POP ARTIST, NOVELIST, PLAYWRIGHT AND WRESTLER". Dangerous Minds. Retrieved March 11, 2017. 
  10. ^ "Rosa Carlo, the Mexican Spitfire". May 12, 2012. Retrieved March 11, 2017. 
  11. ^ Bradford R. Collins, "Reclamations: Rosalyn Drexler's Early Pop Paintings, 1961-1967," in Sachs and Minioudaki, Seductive Subversion: Women Pop Artists, 1958-1968, University of the Arts, Philadelphia, New York and London: Abbeville Press, 2010, p. 164.The photograph was not taken by Warhol as indicated by Collins.
  12. ^ "Take Down". Retrieved March 11, 2017. 
  13. ^ "The Winner". Artsy. Retrieved March 11, 2017. 
  14. ^ V.P. "Nine [Tanager], " ARTNews, Summer 1961, p. 18.
  15. ^ L.C. "Three More Faces of Eve: Rosalyn Drexler," ARTNews, March 1964, p. 64. See also Bradford R. Collins, "Reclamations: Rosalyn Drexler's Early Pop Paintings, 1961-67" in Sachs and Minioudaki (2010), p. 164.
  16. ^ Rubinstein, Raphael (September 2016). "Rosalyn Drexler Featured in Art in America". Garth Greenan Gallery. Retrieved March 11, 2017. 
  17. ^ Axell, Evelyne, and Angela Stief. "Rosalyn Drexler." Power up - Female Pop Art: Evelyne Axell, Sister Corita, Christa Dichgans, Rosalyn Drexler, Jann Haworth, Dorothy Iannone, Kiki Kogelnik, Marisol, Niki De Saint Phalle ; Kunsthalle Wien, 5. November 2010 Bis 20. Februar 2011, Phoenix Art. Köln: Dumont, 2010. 129.
  18. ^ Elaine de Kooning with Rosalyn Drexler, "Why Have There Been No Great Women Artists? Eight Artists Reply. Dialogue," ARTnews, January 1971.
  19. ^ "Rosalyn Drexler". Garth Greenan Gallery. Retrieved 18 November 2016. 
  20. ^ J.J., "Rosayln Drexler and Tom Doyle [Zabriskie; April 15-May 4]" ARTNews, April 1963, p. 14."
  21. ^ Bradford R. Collins, "Reclamations: Rosalyn Drexler's Early Pop Paintings, 1961-67" in Sachs and Minioudaki (2010), p. 162.
  22. ^ Rosalyn Drexler, as quoted in Bradford R. Collins (2010), p. 166.
  23. ^ "Writers and Editors War Tax Protest" January 30, 1968 New York Post
  24. ^ Sid Sachs, reviewing Rosalyn Drexler in POWER UP: Female Pop Art. Kunsthalle Wien, Gargosian Gallery (Dumont Publishers) - p129.
  25. ^ Collins (2010), p. 166.
  26. ^ Jorge Daniel Veneciano, "Rosalyn Drexler and the Ends of Man," in Rosalyn Drexler and the Ends of Man, exhibition catalogue, Paul Robeson Gallery, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 2006, pp. 16-18.
  27. ^ "Full text of "Commencement program, 2007"". archive.org. 
  28. ^ "Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden". Retrieved 7 May 2016. 
  29. ^ "Walker Art Center". Walker Art Center. Retrieved 7 May 2016. 
  30. ^ "Whitney Museum of American Art". Whitney Museum of American Art. Retrieved 7 May 2016. 

External links[edit]