Rosamond Gifford Zoo

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Rosamond Gifford Zoo
Rosamond Gifford Zoo logo.png
Rosamond Gifford Zoo logo
Rosamond Gifford Zoo.jpg
Main building and entrance to the zoo
Date opened1914; 1986
LocationSyracuse, New York, United States
Coordinates43°02′32″N 76°10′52″W / 43.04222°N 76.18111°W / 43.04222; -76.18111Coordinates: 43°02′32″N 76°10′52″W / 43.04222°N 76.18111°W / 43.04222; -76.18111
Land area43 acres (17 ha)[1]
No. of animals900+[2]
MembershipsAZA[3]
Websitewww.rosamondgiffordzoo.org

The Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park is a zoo in Syracuse, New York. It is owned and operated by Onondaga County Parks with support from Friends of the Zoo. The zoo is home to more than 700 animals on 43 acres (17 ha). Some of the more popular animals include Asian elephants, Humboldt penguins, Amur tigers, and African lions. The zoo also houses a conservation education center, banquet/meeting space, Jungle Cafe, and gift shop.

The Rosamond Gifford Zoo has been an accredited member of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) since 1987.

History[edit]

Origins

The first incarnation of the zoo was a small, four acre facility in Burnet Park owned and operated by the Syracuse Department of Parks and Recreation. After opening in 1914, the zoo's first expansion began in 1916 with the construction of stone exhibits for bears and a waterfowl pond. By 1933, the zoo had doubled in size, and by in 1955 a children's zoo and monkey exhibit had been built.[1]

Decline

The zoo's decline began in the early 1960s as Syracuse's tax base started to shrink and financial support for the zoo began to erode. In 1974, two teens broke into the zoo and managed to kill and injure about forty animals. The city's financial position and the break-in fueled public debate over the future of the zoo.[1]

Despite the creation of the Friends of the Burnet Park Zoo in 1970 and a grant received by the city to enlarge the zoo to 18 acres (7.3 ha), add a boardwalk, a western plains habitat, and construct a new perimeter fence, the city of Syracuse transferred control of the zoo to Onondaga County Parks in 1979.[1]

Renewal

A study by County Parks staff produced a forty-page renovation plan for the zoo which involved shutting down the old zoo and constructing another. The plan was approved by the Onondaga County legislature in 1981. The old zoo was closed in 1982 and the thirteen million dollar project (ten million of which was provided by the county and the rest by the Friends of the Burnet Park Zoo) began in 1983.

The zoo reopened in 1986 and received its accreditation from the Association of Zoos and Aquariums the following year; it was re-accredited a decade later. The zoo initiated a capital campaign in 1998 to fund a new conservation and education center and tiger and rainforest exhibits. Following a two million dollar endowment by the Rosamond Gifford Charitable Corporation in 1999, the zoo was renamed the Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park.

The next several years saw the introduction of the zoo's first lion cubs in over a decade, as well as the creation of a tiger trail featuring a family of Amur tigers, a social animal exhibit, and a penguin exhibit, which was completed in 2005 and featured eighteen Humboldt penguins. Since then the zoo has successfully raised numerous penguin chicks. During this period the zoo became the second in the United States to successfully raise red panda triplets. Asian elephants, Amur tigers, Humboldt penguins, snow leopards, golden lion tamarins, markhor goats and red pandas, all threatened species in the wild, are among those that have been bred successfully at Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park.

Exhibits[edit]

U.S.S. Antiquities Aquarium

The U.S.S. Antiquities Aquarium is an exhibit that simulates a submarine voyage through time from life's earliest days in the ocean to living on land. Exhibits range in size and include insects, aquatic life, reptiles and amphibians. Fish species include clownfish, cow fish, archerfish and bass. Amphibians species include poison dart frogs and hellbenders. Reptiles species include dwarf caimans, reticulated python, yellow-spotted Amazon River turtles, and collared lizards.

Adaptations

The Adaptations exhibit features animals that have in some way adapted to their surroundings in nature with a main focus on nocturnal adaptions. Animals include North American river otters, ocelots, Egyptian fruit bats, fennec foxes, naked mole rats, prehensile-tailed skinks, seahorses, and Hoffmann's two-toed sloths.

Diversity of Birds Aviary

The aviary is a large, one-room free flight exhibit that primarily features warm weather birds such as the scarlet ibis, roseate spoonbill, and Nicobar pigeon.

Social Animals and Rainforest

This exhibit is home to animals that live together in groups and includes African lions, squirrel monkeys, golden lion tamarins, patas monkeys, lemurs, siamangs, meerkats, and fossa.[2] The zoo has had recent success with breeding patas monkeys and currently has the nation's second largest troop.

Outdoor Birds

This exhibit showcases aquatic birds including the Chilean flamingo, the North American wood duck, and the American common goldeneye. Other smaller exhibits feature laughing kookaburras, turkey vultures, peregrine falcons, barn owls, and Temenicks tragopans.

Wildlife Trails

Wildlife Trails is a 0.5-mile (0.8 km) trail that takes visitors past animals such as caribou, blue cranes, markhor goats, Amur tigers, owls, bald eagles, red wolf, Thorold's deer, elephants, red pandas, Humboldt penguins, spectacled bears, Andean condors, Reeve's muntjacs, Asian elephants, Siberian lynx, fishers, grey wolves, and snow leopards.[2][4]

Asian Elephant Preserve
Zookeepers bringing an Asian elephant to the fence

In December 2007, the Onondaga County Legislature approved a six million dollar expansion of the elephant exhibit with the expectation that the expansion will allow the elephant breeding program to grow in the future. In August 2011, it was completed and dubbed as the Asian Elephant Preserve. The exhibit is home to the zoo's famous Asian elephant herd. The new exhibit features a spacious yard and a new holding facility with room for up to 12 elephants.

The zoo breeds and houses Asian elephants and is regarded by some as one of the greatest breeding programs of its kind.[5]

In a recent Harris Interactive Poll, 95 percent of respondents agreed that seeing elephants in zoos helps people appreciate them more.[citation needed] That same poll found that 86 percent of respondents believe that visiting zoos and aquariums encourages people to donate time and/or money to conservation.[citation needed] While television, books, movies and videos can provide factual information, they cannot match the emotional impact of seeing live animals.

As part of its elephant program, zoo staff regularly brings the elephants to the fence line to meet the public. Children love having the opportunity to connect with an elephant. The zoo wants its visitors to develop a connection so that they will care enough to get involved in protecting our planet.

As an educator who managed and conducted the Zoo’s outreach program (Zoo to You) for two years, I was moved whenever someone would approach me with a smile about our elephants. Probably the encounter that I remember the most is when I was conducting a program and I addressed a question asked about our elephants. After the program had ended and I was preparing to leave, a girl of about 7 years old approached me and said ‘Do you know Siri?’ I responded that yes, I did. She then said, ‘I do, too. I know Siri. I had my birthday party there, and I touched her. I know her.’ It’s moments like that when I realize how important it is for the Zoo’s elephants to be touchable. Truly, it is our job to get them close enough to care.[citation needed]
–Nathan Keefe, Director of Education at the Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park

Domestic Animal Barn

The Domestic Animal Barn exhibit features Guinea hogs, miniature donkey, alpacas, sheep, and goats.

Primate Park

Primate Park, which opened in 2010, is an outdoor exhibit with mesh walls, swinging vines, large rocks, and a waterfall which exhibits siamangs and patas monkeys on a rotating basis.[6] This new exhibit replaces the old "Monkey Island" in the same location that featured a small climbing structure surrounded by a small moat which was used to exhibit white-handed gibbons.

New exhibits[edit]

The zoo has been updating and renovating old exhibits and building new ones. In 2013, the zoo opened a new giant Pacific octopus exhibit outside of the U.S.S. Antiquities area, a first for the zoo.[7]

Conservation Programs[edit]

As an accredited member of the AZA, wildlife conservation is one of the primary goals of Rosamond Gifford Zoo. The zoo participates in a number of programs to further conservation and animal welfare. [8]

On-site Programs

Species Survival Plan (SSP) helps maintain the diversity of animals with limited population. Zoos all over the world participate in the program by lending their animals to other zoos to mate and produce genetically diverse offspring. This plan is managed using a breeding registry called a studbook. The Rosamond Gifford Zoo participates is SSP for threatened and endangered species including Amur tiger, Andean condor, Asian elephant, black and white ruffed lemur, golden lion tamarin, Humboldt penguin, ocelot, red panda, red wolf, ring-tailed lemur, siamang, snow leopard, Andean bear, Turkmenian markhor and white-lipped deer, among others. [9]

Research Program

Chittenango Ovate Amber Snail (COAS), also called as "Chitt"

The Rosamond Gifford Zoo has teamed up with U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Seneca Park Zoo in Rochester, the New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation, and SUNY College to help protect a snail, called Chittenango Ovate Amber Snail (COAS). It was found by a resident in upstate New York and only exists in Chittenango Falls State Park. Research population surveys of COAS show only about 300 exist in the world. [10] The New York state has listed COAS as an endangered species. [11] The zoo has established a COAS colony with a temperature controlled terrarium that houses approximately 400 captive COAS.

Other Conservation Programs

Population Management Program (PMP) helps AZA-accredited zoos manage and conserve a select wild species population with voluntary cooperation of AZA-accredited zoos, aquariums, and other approved participants. [12]

Taxon Advisory Groups (TAG) are composed of expert advisors who help to identify, manage and support AZA's cooperative animal management programs. [13] They also serve as experts regarding the husbandry, veterinary care, conservation needs/challenges, research priorities, ethical considerations, and other issues pertaining to their taxa. [14]

Conservation Action Partnership (CAP) is a membership of organizations that support the vision and mission of zoological parks, aquariums, wildlife parks, and oceanariums. As a Conservation Partner member of the AZA, Rosamond Gifford Zoo embraces the work of AZA-accredited aquariums, zoos, staff, and volunteers working to save wildlife. [15]

Education Programs[edit]

Rosamond Gifford Zoo offers many educational programs for a wide variety of visitors.

Zoo to You

This is a traveling, inquiry-based educational program that visits schools, libraries, community centers, senior centers/facilities, day care centers, scout groups and more which is represented by professional zoo educators. The purpose of this program is to increase awareness of the animal kingdom and encourage participants to be conscious about the environment.[16] Zoo to You includes live animals that may be touchable such as birds, reptiles, and invertebrates.

Summer Zoo Camp

Summer Zoo Camp is an 8-week camp session for specific age groups. It consists of zoo tours, hands-on activities, games, and crafts and interact with animals and staff at the zoo. [17]

Seasonal Camps

School Break Zoo Camps are for kids off from school where they will get a chance to tour the zoo, see animals up close, play games, and make crafts for one day or all week.

EdVenture Academy

This program provides an opportunity for children and their parents to learn more about the animals at the zoo. This is designed for a specific age group and includes craft, snack, biofact (skulls, fur, feathers, etc.) presentation, zoo tour and may include an animal encounter or keeper talk. [18]

Adult Program - Twilight at the Zoo

This program is specifically for adults ages 21 and over where they get the chance to learn about the zoo and the animals. The program features the zoo's endangered Asian elephants including a behind-the-scenes tour of their Asian Elephant Preserve.

On-Site Educational Programs - Zoo Safari

Zoo Safari involves students in hands-on learning during a field trip to the zoo's 43-acre living classroom. It includes an hour-long multi-media program which features live animal encounters and animal artifacts. This program also offers a Flashlight Safari where students or a group experience an adventure at the zoo after hours. This is an evening tour of the animal diet kitchen and social area, an outreach animal visit that features touchable animals and an after-dark tour of the Wildlife Trails. [19]

Adopt an Animal[edit]

All of the animals at Rosamond Gifford Zoo are available for adoption. The funds raised through the adoption program support a variety of projects which include habitat improvement, animals enrichment, research and training. All adopted animals remain in the care and custody of the zoo.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnett Park". rosamondgiffordzoo.org. Rosamond Gifford Zoo. Retrieved 15 September 2010.
  2. ^ a b c "Animals Overview". rosamondgiffordzoo.org. Rosamond Gifford Zoo. Retrieved 15 September 2010.
  3. ^ "List of Accredited Zoos and Aquariums". aza.org. Association of Zoos and Aquariums. Retrieved 5 September 2010.
  4. ^ "Zoo Map". rosamondgiffordzoo.org. Rosamond Gifford Zoo. Retrieved 15 September 2010.
  5. ^ Weiner, Mark (14 August 2005). "USDA to Investigate Baby Elephant's Death in Syracuse". elephants.com. The Elephant Sanctuary. Retrieved 15 September 2010.
  6. ^ ""Primate Park" opens at Rosamond Gifford Zoo". 9wsyr.com. Newport Television LLC. 15 July 2010. Retrieved 15 September 2010.
  7. ^ "Giant Pacific Octopus" (PDF).
  8. ^ "Rosamond Gifford Zoo". www.rosamondgiffordzoo.org. Retrieved 2018-07-04.
  9. ^ "Species Survival Plan (SSP)". www.rosamondgiffordzoo.org. Retrieved 2018-07-04.
  10. ^ "Research Programs". www.rosamondgiffordzoo.org. Retrieved 2018-07-04.
  11. ^ Office, Ecological Services–New York Field. "Chittenango Ovate Amber Snail | Endangered Species | Ecological Services–New York Field Office | Northeast Region, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 2018-07-04.
  12. ^ "Population Management Program". www.rosamondgiffordzoo.org. Retrieved 2018-07-04.
  13. ^ "Taxon Advisory Groups". www.aza.org. Retrieved 2018-07-04.
  14. ^ "Taxon Advisory Groups". www.aza.org. Retrieved 2018-07-04.
  15. ^ "Conservation Partner". www.aza.org. Retrieved 2018-07-04.
  16. ^ "Zoo to You". www.rosamondgiffordzoo.org. Retrieved 2018-07-04.
  17. ^ "Rosamond Gifford Zoo". www.rosamondgiffordzoo.org. Retrieved 2018-07-04.
  18. ^ "EdVenture Academy". rosamondgiffordzoo.org. Retrieved 2018-07-04.
  19. ^ "On-Site Educational Programs". rosamondgiffordzoo.org. Retrieved 2018-07-04.

External links[edit]