Rosario, Batangas

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Rosario
Municipality
Municipality of Rosario
Downtown area
Downtown area
Official seal of Rosario
Seal
Nickname(s):
  • Rice Granary of Batangas, Agro-Industrial Capital of Southern Tagalog
  • Home of Sinublian Festival[1]
Map of Batangas with Rosario highlighted
Map of Batangas with Rosario highlighted
Rosario is located in Philippines
Rosario
Rosario
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°50′42″N 121°12′13″E / 13.845°N 121.2036°E / 13.845; 121.2036Coordinates: 13°50′42″N 121°12′13″E / 13.845°N 121.2036°E / 13.845; 121.2036
Country  Philippines
Region Calabarzon (Region IV-A)
Province Batangas
District 4th District
Founded June 9, 1687
Barangays 48 (see Barangays)
Government[2]
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Manuel B. Alvarez
 • Vice Mayor Leovigildo K. Morpe
 • Electorate 66,441 voters (2016)
Area[3]
 • Total 226.88 km2 (87.60 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[4]
 • Total 116,764
 • Density 510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4225
PSGC 041021000
IDD:area code +63 (0)43
Climate type Tropical monsoon climate
Income class 1st municipal income class
Revenue (₱) 251,988,594.91 (2016)
Website www.rosariobats.gov.ph

Rosario, officially the Municipality of Rosario, (Tagalog: Bayan ng Rosario), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 116,764 people.[4]

Rosario is considered as among the interior municipalities of the Batangas Bay Region comprising eleven municipalities and two cities whose catchment areas drain into the Batangas Bay. The town is also dubbed as "The Rice Granary of Batangas".[1]

History[edit]

Accounts show that the origin of Rosario was a Christian settlement along the coast of Lobo. The settlement became prey to the pirate raids during the Moro wars of the 18th century.

The Moro or pirate raids forced the inhabitants of the settlement to the safety of the ravine and forest on the north-west bank of Kansahayan River (now the Municipality of Taysan). Here the settlement was relocated. However, at the height of the Moro Wars in the second half of the 18th century, the vicious Moro raids reached Kansahayan. In one of their forays the Parish Priest is said to be among those slain.

The inhabitants decided to leave Kansahayan. They headed farther north holding a novena and praying the rosary in the process of their flight. On the 9th night of the novena, the fleeing inhabitants reached the river bank of Tubig ng Bayan (a river originating from Lipa) in now the town of Padre Garcia. Here they finally settled. Living in peace and prosperity, the grateful town’s people erected a stone church south of the river bank in honor of their benefactress, the Lady of the Most Holy Rosary Parish. The town was named Santo Rosario.

Santo Rosario was razed to the ground during the Philippine-American War. In the early American military occupation of Santo Rosario, a cavalry officer, Captain Ed H. Boughton, came upon the big spring at the foot of Tombol Hill. He decided to relocate the town west of the spring, where Rosario's population center is now.

Official records show that on June 9, 1902, a council of prominent citizens of the town met under a mango tree beside Tombol Spring. On the spot they formally organized the municipal government of Rosario. The following assumed the first key positions of the town government:

  • Geronimo Carandang (Presidente)
  • Diego Rosales (Bise Presidente)
  • Luis Greñas (Secretario)
  • Leon Magtibay (Tesorero)

A wealthy landowner, Don Antonio Luansing donated for the town's public buildings and plaza.

Local historians were not unanimous as the exact date of the founding of this town. Certainly it was among those organized by the ecclesiastical authorities after the creation of Batangas as a province in 1581. It is generally believed to have come to the existence in 1687 while still located along the coast of Lobo during the term of Don Nicolas Morales as gobernadorcillo. Originally, Rosario comprised the whole parts of the municipalities of Lobo, Taysan, Ibaan, San Juan de Bolbok and the entire municipality of Padre Garcia.

The old settlement in Kansayahan now bears the name of Pinagbayanan, a thriving marketing post in the municipality of Taysan. The old town site of Santo Rosario had been named Lumang Bayan before it was renamed Padre Garcia when the latter was created and carved out Rosario in 1950 as a separate municipality.[5]

Geography[edit]

Rosario is located at 13°50′42″N 121°12′13″E / 13.845°N 121.2036°E / 13.845; 121.2036.

According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 226.88 square kilometres (87.60 sq mi)[3] constituting 7.27% of the 3,119.75-square-kilometre- (1,204.54 sq mi) total area of Batangas.

Barangays[edit]

Rosario is politically subdivided into 48 barangays.[6] Malaya was formerly known as Munting Tubig.[7]

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[4] 2010[8]
041021001 Alupay 3.7% 4,314 3,991 1.49%
041021002 Antipolo 0.6% 674 652 0.63%
041021003 Bagong Pook 4.9% 5,757 5,165 2.09%
041021004 Balibago 2.0% 2,280 2,147 1.15%
041021005 Bayawang 1.1% 1,307 1,332 −0.36%
041021006 Baybayin 2.0% 2,323 2,288 0.29%
041021007 Bulihan 3.4% 4,014 3,253 4.08%
041021008 Cahigam 2.1% 2,450 1,907 4.89%
041021009 Calantas 1.4% 1,634 1,560 0.89%
041021010 Colongan 1.5% 1,727 1,655 0.81%
041021011 Itlugan 4.0% 4,677 4,386 1.23%
041021012 Lumbangan 1.4% 1,587 1,200 5.47%
041021013 Maalas‑As 1.7% 1,932 1,776 1.62%
041021014 Mabato 1.5% 1,794 1,660 1.49%
041021015 Mabunga 1.6% 1,838 1,713 1.35%
041021016 Macalamcam A 0.8% 959 1,058 −1.85%
041021017 Macalamcam B 1.5% 1,765 1,480 3.41%
041021018 Malaya 1.3% 1,555 1,482 0.92%
041021019 Maligaya 0.8% 913 790 2.79%
041021020 Marilag 2.5% 2,898 2,525 2.66%
041021021 Masaya 3.4% 3,967 3,217 4.07%
041021022 Matamis 0.5% 592 689 −2.85%
041021023 Mavalor 1.3% 1,549 1,481 0.86%
041021024 Mayuro 2.1% 2,411 2,068 2.97%
041021025 Namuco 4.3% 4,992 4,314 2.82%
041021026 Namunga 4.5% 5,276 4,785 1.88%
041021027 Natu 2.3% 2,721 2,392 2.48%
041021028 Nasi 1.8% 2,048 1,925 1.19%
041021029 Palakpak 0.7% 851 852 −0.02%
041021030 Pinagsibaan 2.9% 3,422 2,999 2.54%
041021031 Barangay A (Poblacion) 1.0% 1,122 1,082 0.69%
041021032 Barangay B (Poblacion) 1.2% 1,376 1,195 2.72%
041021033 Barangay C (Poblacion) 0.8% 943 968 −0.50%
041021034 Barangay D (Poblacion) 0.8% 932 1,039 −2.05%
041021035 Barangay E (Poblacion) 1.9% 2,276 2,174 0.88%
041021036 Putingkahoy 2.4% 2,811 2,612 1.41%
041021037 Quilib 3.5% 4,041 3,157 4.81%
041021038 Salao 2.0% 2,303 2,121 1.58%
041021039 San Carlos 3.2% 3,771 3,345 2.31%
041021040 San Ignacio 1.7% 1,954 1,780 1.79%
041021041 San Isidro 3.3% 3,811 3,521 1.52%
041021042 San Jose 1.8% 2,075 1,874 1.96%
041021043 San Roque 3.3% 3,900 3,648 1.28%
041021044 Santa Cruz 2.8% 3,301 3,055 1.49%
041021045 Timbugan 1.8% 2,077 1,946 1.25%
041021046 Tiquiwan 1.5% 1,736 1,654 0.93%
041021047 Leviste (Tubahan) 1.5% 1,753 1,656 1.09%
041021048 Tulos 2.0% 2,355 1,992 3.24%
Total 116,764 105,561 1.94%

Clusters[edit]

For purposes of community organization and effective delivery of social development projects, the Office for Sustainable Development under supervision of the Office of the Municipal Mayor in 1995, divided the 48 barangays into 8 barangay clusters with 6 member barangays each.[9]

Cluster Barangays
South East I
  • Antipolo
  • Calantas
  • Leviste
  • Matamis
  • Palakpak
  • Tulos
North East II
  • Macalamcam B
  • Nasi
  • Pinagsibaan
  • Putingkahoy
  • Salao
  • San Isidro
East III
  • Bayawang
  • Bulihan
  • Cahigam
  • Lumbangan
  • Mabunga
  • Mayuro
East IV
  • Alupay
  • Balibago
  • Mabato
  • Macalamcam A
  • Maligaya
  • Natu
Central V
  • Bagong Pook
  • Baybayin
  • Mavalor
  • San Carlos
  • San Jose
  • Tiquiwan
West Central VI
  • Poblacion D
  • Poblacion E
  • Itlugan
  • Maalas‑as
  • Namuco
  • Namunga
East Central VII
  • Poblacion A
  • Poblacion B
  • Poblacion C
  • Quilib
  • San Roque
  • Santa Cruz
West VIII
  • Colongan
  • Malaya
  • Marilag
  • Masaya
  • San Ignacio
  • Timbugan

This system was patterned after the resolutions traditionally passed by the Sangguniang Bayan as part of its organizational plan following the general elections when new members are elected into office for a new term.

Consequently, the barangay cluster arrangement was adopted and served as the framework for land use development strategies enunciated under the Comprehensive Land Use Plan of Rosario, Batangas for Planning Period 2000-2010 (CLUP).[10]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Rosario
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 8,326—    
1918 22,174+6.75%
1939 34,130+2.07%
1948 36,020+0.60%
1960 32,868−0.76%
1970 42,704+2.65%
1975 47,298+2.07%
1980 54,252+2.78%
1990 66,923+2.12%
1995 74,976+2.15%
2000 86,110+3.01%
2007 95,785+1.48%
2010 105,561+3.60%
2015 116,764+1.94%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[4][8][11][12]
Poblacion

In the 2015 census, Rosario had a population of 116,764.[4] The population density was 510 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,300/sq mi).

In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 66,441 registered voters.[13]

Government[edit]

Municipal hall

The current set of municipal officials were elected during the 2010 General Elections and re-elected in 2013; their term is set to expire in 2016.

  • Municipal Mayor: Manuel B. Alvarez
  • Vice Mayor: Leovigildo K. Morpe
  • Sangguniang Bayan members:
  • Angelito M. Gulfo
  • Anatacio G. Zara
  • Angel B. Alvarez, Sr.
  • Christopher A. Conti
  • Arnold T. Austria
  • Ferdinand H. De Veyra
  • Marilou M. Villapando-Magdangal
  • Aldwin G. Garcia

Immediate Past Municipal officials[edit]

The immediate past municipal officials were elected during the 2004 General Elections and their term expired 2007. The mayor was Felipe Marquez who was reelected for his second term during the 2007 General Elections as chief executive of Rosario. The vice mayor is Danilo Alday. Sangguniang Bayan is composed of Angelica Rosales, Leonardo Anyayahan, Sonia Ebite, Adrian Montalbo, Kennedy Laroza, Pedro Andan and Johnny Minas. Sangguniang Kabataan Municipal Federation President is Grace Villar of Brgy. Quilib.

Mayor Felipe Africa Marquez expired October 8, 2011, while in office, due to various complications in his health at Mediatrix Hospital Lipa City.

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Rosario, Batangas skyline with the downtown on the foreground and rice fields (where Rosario is known for) and mountains on the background.
Skyline from Tombol Hill

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ganzon, Tina (9 Jun 2009). "Batangas hosts 'Sinukmani' festival". ABS-CBN News. ABS-CBN Southern Tagalog. Archived from the original on 10 December 2016. Retrieved 10 December 2016. 
  2. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Province: Batangas". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  5. ^ "History of the Municipality of Rosario". Archived from the original on 2012-02-04. Retrieved 2012-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Municipal: Rosario, Batangas". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  7. ^ "An Act Changing the Name of the Barrio of Munting Tubig in the Municipality of Rosario, Province of Batangas, to Malaya". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-09. 
  8. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  9. ^ Villar, Rodolfo G.; Quizon, Manuel Luis; Barbosa-Bianzon, Francia (1996). Minimum Basic Needs Baseline Survey Consolidated Report. Municipality of Rosario, Batangas, Philippines. 
  10. ^ Municipal Land Use Committee; Office of the Municipal Planning and Development Coordinator (June 2000). Comprehensive Land Use Plan of Rosario, Batangas for Planning Period: 2000-2010. Municipality of Rosario, Batangas, Philippines. 
  11. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO. 
  12. ^ "Province of Batangas". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  13. ^ "2016 National and Local Elections Statistics". Commission on Elections. 2016. 

External links[edit]