Rosario, Cavite

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Rosario
Municipality
Municipality of Rosario
Cavite Economic Zone
Cavite Economic Zone
Official seal of Rosario
Seal
Map of Cavite with Rosario highlighted
Map of Cavite with Rosario highlighted
Rosario is located in Philippines
Rosario
Rosario
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°25′N 120°51′E / 14.42°N 120.85°E / 14.42; 120.85Coordinates: 14°25′N 120°51′E / 14.42°N 120.85°E / 14.42; 120.85
Country  Philippines
Region Calabarzon (Region IV-A)
Province Cavite
District 1st District
Founded 1845
Barangays 20 (see Barangays)
Government[1]
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Jose V. Ricafrente III
 • Vice Mayor Jose M. Ricafrente Jr.
 • Electorate 77,129 voters (2016)
Area[2]
 • Total 38.16 km2 (14.73 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 110,706
 • Density 2,900/km2 (7,500/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4106
PSGC 042117000
IDD:area code +63 (0)46
Climate type Tropical monsoon climate
Income class 1st municipal income class
Revenue (₱) 557,281,640.20 (2016)
Website www.rosariocavite.gov.ph

Rosario, officially the Municipality of Rosario, (Tagalog: Bayan ng Rosario), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Cavite, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 110,706 people.[3]

Formerly known as Salinas, Rosario has an area of 5.6 square kilometers, making it the most densely populated city/municipality in Cavite at 16,473 per km2. With the continuous expansion of Metro Manila, the municipality is now included in Manila conurbation which reaches Lipa, Batangas in its southernmost part. It is accessible by land and water transportation.[4]

History[edit]

On October 22, 1845, Spanish Governor General Narciso Claveria promulgated a Decree for the establishment of a new town comprising Salinas-Leiton and Tierra Alta of San Francisco de Malabon, what is now the city of Gen. Trias. On October 27, Don Juan Arlegui, Vicar-General of the Archdiocese of Manila informed the Politico-Military Governor of Cavite Don Miguel Roca, that he was designated by the Governor-General to look for a person of unquestionable integrity who will be entrusted with the money for the construction of the church building.

On November 3, 1845, presbyter Don Mamerto Quijano Ner, who was at that time one of the priests of the Curia of Manila, was appointed parish priest and served until December 1866.

The Municipality of Rosario was originally a part of San Francisco de Malabon (now General Trias City). It became an independent municipality in 1846, one year after the founding of the Santissimo Rosario Parish. Rosario was formerly called Tejero, which may have originated from the word tejer (Spanish to weave) because weaving fish nets was then the main occupation of the women. Rosario was also called Salinas derived from the word sal (Spanish salt) during the Philippine Revolution because salt-making was a prime industry of the town. The place was likewise called Marcella or Marcelles due to its proximity to the sea (“mar” in Spanish). Rosario was, finally, named in honor of their patroness Nuestra Señora Virgen del Santissimo Rosario, Reina de Caracol or (Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary).[4] The second smallest town in Cavite Province, Rosario has now emerged into the "biggest" in terms of its land area nor its per capita income but because of the great transitions that occurred with the town's political, social, cultural and economic developments since 1845.

There are three religious versions for naming the town "Rosario." These are:

The first version says, the image of the Madonna and the Child was found one day floating on the water by a group of kids playing along the seashore. They played with the image, using it as a toy and afterwards hid it in the bushes near the sea. Every time they came back, however, they would see the image already floating leisurely on the water, as if waiting for them. They thought it strange, but could not explain how the image got back to the water.

Not long after their elders learned about the image and took it to an empty nipa shack. Thus began a public adoration of the Madonna and Child. The hut was transformed into a place of worship. News of miraculous happenings attributed to the image spread around. The religious fervor was so great and the people were moved by the image that they decided to adopt it as the patroness of the town and changed the name Salinas Marcella to Rosario.

The different names given to the town are remembered. Marcella exists as one of the national roads of the town. Salinas is associated with the finest and famous smoked fish (Tinapang Salinas) produced by the townspeople.

Geography[edit]

Rosario is 30 kilometres (19 mi) south of Manila, and 17 kilometres (11 mi) south-south-west of Cavite City. It occupies part of the north to north-western section of the province along the western coast of Luzon. It is flanked by Noveleta on the east, Manila Bay on the north, General Trias on the southeast and Tanza on the south-west.[4]

Land Area[edit]

Rosario has a land area of only 569 hectares, as based on previous data recorded. At present, the municipality has not yet conducted any cadastral survey of its juridical land territory. A total of twenty (20) barangays make up this lowland coastal town.

Barangays[edit]

Rosario is politically subdivided into 20 barangays.[2]

  • Bagbag I
  • Bagbag II
  • Kanluran
  • Ligtong I
  • Ligtong II
  • Ligtong III
  • Ligtong IV
  • Muzon I
  • Muzon II
  • Poblacion
  • Sapa I
  • Sapa II
  • Sapa III
  • Sapa IV
  • Silangan I
  • Silangan II
  • Tejeros Convention
  • Wawa I
  • Wawa II
  • Wawa III

Barangay Heads[edit]

  • Rodrigo Balbin
  • Dennis Amot
  • Jomer Bumatayo
  • Abner Ricasa
  • Leonardo Ibiaz, Jr.
  • Ronald Victor
  • Jonathan Crisostomo
  • Conrad Abutin
  • Hener Vargas
  • Dinah Oquialda
  • Edwin Atangan
  • Edgardo Cupino
  • Nilda Nivera
  • Frederick Torres
  • Mark Jay Velarde
  • Crisanto Nazareno
  • Jomel Pulido
  • Randy Legaspi

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Rosario
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 6,601—    
1918 7,117+0.50%
1939 9,894+1.58%
1948 11,894+2.07%
1960 16,227+2.62%
1970 23,817+3.91%
1975 28,725+3.83%
1980 33,312+3.01%
1990 45,405+3.15%
1995 54,086+3.33%
2000 73,665+6.85%
2007 94,228+3.45%
2010 92,253−0.77%
2015 110,706+3.53%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][5][6][7]

In the 2015 census, the population of Rosario, Cavite, was 110,706 people,[3] with a density of 2,900 inhabitants per square kilometre or 7,500 inhabitants per square mile.

Rosario’s potential labor force comprises 59.25% of the figure given above, with the majority engaged in fishing and trade activities. The growth rate is 3.63%.

Religion[edit]

Roman Catholic is the prominent religion of Rosario. There are two Catholic churches. One is in Poblacion, the Church of The Most Holy Rosary Parish, and another one in Ligtong, The Church of San Isidro Labrador. Recently, Islam was introduced by the Maranao business people from Mindanao.The other religions in Rosario includes Iglesia ni Cristo and Born Again Christians.

Economy[edit]

SM City Rosario, the 4th SM mall in Cavite.

Fishing is a major economic activity due to the abundant fishing grounds particularly in Barangays Wawa, Sapa Muzon and Ligtong. The Rosario Fish Port in Barangay Sapa is a major fishing port. Predominant cottage industries related to fishing include smoked fish (tinapa) processing, fish drying (daing), fish paste (bagoong) making, fish sauce (patis) making and canning. Marine species caught within municipal fishing grounds include squid, mackerel, slipmouth, herring, goatfish, tuna, mullet, porgy, shrimp, barracuda, cavalla, snapper, catfish and roundscad.

The Fil-Oil Development and Management Corporation (FMDC) has begun developing 134 hectares (330 acres) of the Philippine National Oil Corporation property into a special economic zone, the Cavite Economic Zone, that will include an industrial estate, low-cost housing, and a new port facility. A proposed reclamation will increase the land area of Barangay Sapa II and III by 200 hectares (490 acres).

On November 20, 2009, SM Prime Holdings, the largest mall-operator in the country, opened its 36th mall: SM City Rosario.

List of former Municipal Heads[edit]

Education[edit]

Primary schools:

  • Rosario Elementary School
  • Agustin Abadilla Elementary School
  • David P. Jimenez Elementary School
  • Mayor Calixto D. Enriquez Elementary School( Ligtong Elem School )
  • Silangan Elementary School
  • Bagbag I Elementary School-Main (Greenfields Subd.)
  • Bagbag II Elementary School-Annex (Sunrise Subd.)
  • Tejeros Convention Elementary School
  • Bible Christian Academy (Cuevas Subd.)
  • Cognoscere Academy ( Abueg St. Bgy Poblacion )
  • Santo Rosario Catholic School (Most Holy Rosary Parish Compound)

Secondary schools:

  • Bagbag National High School
  • Cafuir Learning Center
  • Cavite State University - Science Education Laboratory School
  • Rosario Institute
  • Rosario National High School
  • Escuela Secondaria Señor de Salinas
  • STI High School - Rosario
  • Bible Christian Academy (Cuevas Sub
  • Galilee Academy(Manggahan Compound)
  • Santo Rosario Catholic School (Most Holy Rosary Parish Compound)

Tertiary schools:

Images[edit]

Fish port

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Cavite". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c Province of Cavite Website - Rosario
  5. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  6. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO. 
  7. ^ "Province of Cavite". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 

External links[edit]