Rosaryville State Park

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Rosaryville State Park
Mount Airy Mansion (21006770113).jpg
Mount Airy Mansion, Rosaryville State Park, 2016
Map showing the location of Rosaryville State Park
Map showing the location of Rosaryville State Park
Location in Maryland
LocationRosaryville, Maryland, United States
Nearest cityWashington, D.C.
Coordinates38°46′27″N 76°48′40″W / 38.77417°N 76.81111°W / 38.77417; -76.81111Coordinates: 38°46′27″N 76°48′40″W / 38.77417°N 76.81111°W / 38.77417; -76.81111[1]
Area1,039 acres (4.20 km2)[2]
Elevation161 ft (49 m)[1]
DesignationMaryland state park
Established1976
AdministratorMaryland Department of Natural Resources
WebsiteRosaryville State Park

Rosaryville State Park is a public recreation area with historical features located three miles southeast of Joint Base Andrews (formerly Andrews Air Force Base) in Rosaryville, Prince George's County, Maryland. The state park includes the restored Mount Airy Mansion, which is operated as an event facility, as well as hiking, biking and equestrian trails for day-use.[3]

History[edit]

Calvert family
Benedict Swingate Calvert, painted by John Wollaston c1754. Calvert and his family lived at Mount Airey mansion, now a part of Rosaryville State Park.

Benedict Swingate Calvert, (c.1730-1788), son of Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore, lived at Mount Airy, and died there on January 9, 1788.[4] Calvert was a politician and planter in colonial Maryland. Mount Airy was most likely a gift from his father, Lord Baltimore, who had ensured that Calvert would be provided with lands and revenues,[5] and Mount Airy had originally been a hunting lodge for Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore.[6] Calvert began construction of his house, which still survives, in 1751.[7]

Mount Airy ca. 1936

In 1774, Calvert's daughter Eleanor Calvert (1758–1811), married John Parke Custis, son of Martha Washington and the stepson of George Washington. Washington himself did not approve of the match owing to the couple's youth, but eventually gave his consent,[7][8] and was present at the wedding celebrations, which took place at Mount Airy.[9][10] The couple's son, George Washington Parke Custis, who was born at Mount Airy in 1781, built and named Arlington House near the Potomac River, married Mary Lee Fitzhugh, and became the father-in-law of Robert E. Lee. By the 1770s Benedict Swingate Calvert controlled a large and profitable estate of around 4,000 acres (16 km2), with upwards of 150 slaves. He was also an enthusiastic horse breeder, training thoroughbreds and running them in competitions in Maryland and Virginia.[11] Benedict Swingate Calvert died at Mount Airy on January 9, 1788.[4] He was buried beneath the chancel of the church of St Thomas in Croom, Prince George's County, Maryland, a church which Calvert had helped to found and maintain.[7] His wife died ten years later, in 1798.[7]

Benedict Calvert's second son Edward Henry Calvert, who was born on November 7, 1766, then inherited the estate.[7] He married on March 1, 1796, and died on July 12, 1846.[7] He left the estate to his widow, who died on March 26, 1857.[7] On her death the estate, by this time reduced to around 1,000 acres (4.0 km2), was to be divided among her children. Two of her children were the last Calvert owners. After the death of "Old Miss Eleanor" the house and its contents were sold at auction.[7]

Twentieth century

Matilda Duvall purchased the property in 1902, ending the Calvert family's hereditary ownership. Renamed as Dower House, it became a country inn until a fire in 1931 reduced the building to only its masonry walls. The ruins were purchased and restored by socialite Cissy Patterson, the publisher of the Washington Times-Herald, who entertained presidents and other important persons here. She in turn bequeathed the property to Ann Bowie Smith, and it was from her family that the State of Maryland purchased Mt. Airy, in 1973, to add it to Rosaryville State Park. It is operated as an event facility by the Rosaryville Conservancy and a private concessionaire.[3][12][13]

In 1976, Peter and Esther D. Duvall deeded their 341-acre property, including the 274 acres of Mount Airy, to the Maryland Department of Natural Resources, which established Rosaryville State Park on the site.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Rosaryville State Park". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  2. ^ "DNR Lands Acreage" (PDF). Maryland Department of Natural Resources. p. 9. Retrieved January 13, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Rosaryville State Park". Maryland DNR. Retrieved October 23, 2013.
  4. ^ a b The Society of the Ark and the Dove (2005). Russell, George E. and Donna V. (ed.). The Ark and the Dove Adventurers. Genealogical Publishing Company. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-8063-1762-5.
  5. ^ Callcott, Margaret Law (1992). Mistress of Riversdale: The Plantation Letters of Rosalie Stier Calvert, 1795-1821. The Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-8018-4399-0. Retrieved February 1, 2010.
  6. ^ Yentsch, Anne E. (1994). A Chesapeake Family and Their Slaves: A Study in Historical Archaeology. Illustrator: Julie Hunter. Cambridge University Press. p. 262. ISBN 978-0-521-46730-8. Retrieved February 1, 2010.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h George Washington (1834). "Official letters relating to the French war, and private letters before the American revolution". The Writings of George Washington. II. Boston: Russell, Ordione, and Metcalf, and Hilliard, Grey and Co. p. 370. Retrieved July 31, 2010.
  8. ^ Federal Writers Project (1940). Maryland: A Guide to the Old Line State. US History Publishers. p. 465. ISBN 978-1-60354-019-3. Retrieved January 20, 2010.
  9. ^ Hammond, John Martin (1914). "Colonial Mansions of Maryland and Delaware: Mount Airy". Prince George's County, Maryland, Genealogy Trails. J.B. Lippincott. Retrieved August 10, 2010.
  10. ^ "Mount Airy". The Historical Marker Database. Retrieved June 6, 2011.
  11. ^ Yentsch. p. 264. Retrieved February 1, 2010.
  12. ^ "Mount Airy Mansion". Rosaryville State Park. Maryland DNR. Retrieved January 13, 2020.
  13. ^ "Pineapple Alley Catering". Pineapple Alley Catering, Inc. Retrieved July 22, 2015.
  14. ^ Saleh Van Erem, Architectural Historiann (January 2008). "Duvall Barn Complex" (PDF). Inventory of Historic Properties Form. Maryland Historical Trust. Retrieved February 3, 2016.

External links[edit]