Roscinda Nolasquez (1892 – February 4, 1987) was a Cupeño, and the last speaker of the Cupeño language of Southern California. She grew up speaking Cupeño and did not speak English until her early teens. In 1903, the Cupeño people had to relocate to the Pala Indian Reservation where Nolasquez lived much of rest of her life. In the early 1960s, she continued to speak Cupeño with several elderly residents in Pala.
Nolasquez made a serious effort late in her life to help document and preserve the Cupeño language, working among others with linguists Jane Hill and Roderick Jacobs. Together with Hill she edited a collection of bilingual Cupeño-English oral histories.
- Hill, Jane; Nolasquez, R. (1973). Mulu'wetam: the First People: Cupeño Oral History and Language. Malki Museum Press.
- Roscinda Nolasquez and Anne Galloway (1975): I'i Muluwet: First Book of Words in the Cupeño Indian Language of Southern California. Pala, Calif: Alderbooks.
- Brigandi, P. (2009). "Roscinda Nolasquez Remembered". The Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology. 9 (1): 3.
- Nancy Dorian (ed) (1992): Investigating Obsolescence: Studies in Language Contraction and Death. Cambridge University Press.
- Hill, J. H; Nolasquez, R. (1973). Mulu'wetam: the First People: Cupeño Oral History and Language. Malki Museum Press.
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