Roscommon County, Michigan

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Roscommon County
Roscommon County Building in Roscommon
Roscommon County Building in Roscommon
Map of Michigan highlighting Roscommon County
Location within the U.S. state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 44°20′N 84°37′W / 44.33°N 84.61°W / 44.33; -84.61
Country United States
State Michigan
Founded1840 (created)
1875 (organized)[1]
Named forCounty Roscommon, Ireland
SeatRoscommon
Largest villageRoscommon
Area
 • Total580 sq mi (1,500 km2)
 • Land520 sq mi (1,300 km2)
 • Water60 sq mi (200 km2)  10%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
23,884
 • Density47/sq mi (18/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district4th

Roscommon County is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,449.[2] The county seat is Roscommon.[3] The county was founded in 1840 and organized in 1875.[1] Both the county and county seat are commonly referred to by locals as "Rosco".[4]

History[edit]

A detail from A New Map of Michigan with its Canals, Roads & Distances (1842) by Henry Schenck Tanner, showing Roscommon County as "Mickenauk" (a misspelling of Mikenauk, the county's name from 1840 to 1843.[5]) Several nearby counties are also shown with names that would later be changed.

The county was formed by the Michigan Legislature in 1840 as Mikenauk County, then renamed Roscommon County in 1843. It was administered by Michilimackinac (Mackinac), Cheboygan, and Midland counties, in succession, prior to the organization of county government in 1875.[5] Roscommon County was named after County Roscommon, Ireland.[1][6]

There are three official Michigan historical markers in the county:[7]

  • Gerrish
  • Pioneer House
  • Terney House[8]

Geography[edit]

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 580 square miles (1,500 km2), of which 520 square miles (1,300 km2) is land and 60 square miles (160 km2) (10%) is water.[9] Roscommon County is considered to be part of Northern Michigan. Part of Michigan's Au Sable State Forest falls within the county. The US Forest Service's Roscoe Fire Management Unit includes Ogemaw and Roscommon Counties.

Geographic features[edit]

During prehistoric times, glacial action helped shape the Michigan-area terrain. A large portion of the area is the Grayling outwash plain, which includes sandy ice-disintegration ridges; jack pine barrens, white pine-red pine forest, and northern hardwood forest. Large lakes were created by glacial action.[10]

Prominent geographic features include:

Major highways[edit]

  • I-73 (future)
  • I-75 – runs south, SE, and east through the NE middle portion of county.
  • US 127 – runs north-south through west portion of county. Passes on west side of Higgins and Houghton Lakes.
  • M-18 – runs north-south through center of county. Passes Roscommon and Prudenville. Leaving Roscommon, runs east along north line of county for 5.6 miles (9 km) before turning to NE.
  • M-55 – runs east-west through center of county to intersection with I75, 7 miles (11 km) west of east line of county.
  • M-157 – short (1.1 mile/1.8 km) north-south spur connecting M18 to M55, east of Houghton Lake.
  • F-18 – runs south from Prudenville. Exits the county on the line between Clare and Gladwin counties.[12]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18801,459
18902,03339.3%
19001,787−12.1%
19102,27427.3%
19202,032−10.6%
19302,0551.1%
19403,66878.5%
19505,91661.3%
19607,20021.7%
19709,89237.4%
198016,37465.5%
199019,77620.8%
200025,46928.8%
201024,449−4.0%
Est. 201823,884[13]−2.3%
US Decennial Census[14]
1790-1960[15] 1900-1990[16]
1990-2000[17] 2010-2018[2]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[18] there were 25,469 people, 11,250 households, and 7,616 families residing in the county. The population density was 49 people per square mile (19/km²). There were 23,109 housing units at an average density of 44 per square mile (17/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.99% White, 0.32% Black or African American, 0.64% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.10% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. 0.80% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.4% were of German, 12.7% English, 9.9% Irish, 9.2% Polish, 9.2% American and 6.7% French ancestry. 97.2% spoke English as their first language. Those citing "American" ancestry in Roscommon County are of overwhelmingly English extraction, however most English Americans identify simply as having American ancestry because their roots have been in North America for so long, in some cases since the 1600s.[19][20][21][22][23]

There were 11,250 households out of which 21.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.70% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.30% were non-families. 28.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.69.

The county population contained 20.00% under the age of 18, 5.50% from 18 to 24, 21.40% from 25 to 44, 29.30% from 45 to 64, and 23.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 96.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,029, and the median income for a family was $35,757. Males had a median income of $31,878 versus $20,549 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,837. About 8.60% of families and 12.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.90% of those under age 18 and 6.50% of those age 65 or over.

Religion[edit]

Government[edit]

Roscommon County voters tend to vote Republican; they have selected the Republican Party nominee in 74% of national elections (25 of 34).

Presidential election results
Presidential Elections Results[26]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 62.2% 8,141 32.7% 4,287 5.1% 668
2012 51.2% 6,701 47.4% 6,198 1.4% 178
2008 47.7% 6,727 50.2% 7,082 2.0% 287
2004 51.3% 7,364 47.4% 6,810 1.3% 185
2000 47.9% 6,190 49.8% 6,433 2.4% 305
1996 34.9% 4,135 51.5% 6,092 13.6% 1,607
1992 34.7% 4,170 43.7% 5,243 21.6% 2,594
1988 56.9% 5,866 42.7% 4,394 0.4% 43
1984 65.4% 6,419 34.2% 3,359 0.5% 45
1980 54.7% 5,280 39.0% 3,763 6.4% 616
1976 54.9% 4,608 43.9% 3,691 1.2% 102
1972 64.2% 4,136 33.9% 2,187 1.9% 122
1968 55.9% 2,635 34.8% 1,639 9.3% 439
1964 42.3% 1,722 57.6% 2,345 0.2% 7
1960 68.9% 2,731 30.9% 1,226 0.1% 5
1956 76.2% 2,674 23.6% 827 0.2% 8
1952 78.6% 2,547 20.9% 676 0.5% 16
1948 73.9% 2,055 24.7% 687 1.4% 39
1944 72.2% 1,292 27.1% 484 0.7% 13
1940 64.2% 1,360 34.9% 739 0.9% 19
1936 49.6% 836 46.4% 782 3.9% 66
1932 42.6% 601 53.7% 757 3.7% 52
1928 76.3% 780 23.1% 236 0.7% 7
1924 69.6% 484 14.2% 99 16.1% 112
1920 75.3% 652 21.0% 182 3.7% 32
1916 53.4% 311 41.1% 239 5.5% 32
1912 22.6% 134 25.3% 150 52.1% 309
1908 69.4% 427 23.9% 147 6.7% 41
1904 71.5% 373 22.2% 116 6.3% 33
1900 64.5% 327 34.5% 175 1.0% 5
1896 65.4% 282 32.7% 141 1.9% 8
1892 44.3% 239 53.0% 286 2.8% 15
1888 50.0% 360 49.7% 358 0.3% 2
1884 48.8% 427 49.7% 435 1.5% 13

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, records deeds, mortgages, and vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget and has limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Elected officials[edit]

(information as of May 2015)

Attractions and events[edit]

The community is centered in the area of two very large lakes, in the middle of large state forests. Wildlife are nearby, including bear, deer, eagles, Kirtland's warblers, and turkeys. Local attractions and activities include:

  • Birding
  • Bluegill Festival each summer in St. Helen
  • Boating, paddling (canoe and kayak)
  • Firemen's Memorial Festival, an annual event (September) since 1979.[27]
  • Fishing
  • Golf
  • Hiking
  • Hunting
  • Kirtland Warbler Habitat and Festival is an annual (held in May) event hosted by Kirtland Community College.[28]
  • Michigan Shore-to-Shore Trail, a 500-mile (800 km) system of interconnected trails, passes through the area. It runs from Empire to Oscoda, and points beyond.[29]
  • Nordic skiing
  • ORV and groomed snowmobile trails
  • Sailing
  • Tip-up-town winter festival, Houghton Lake, an annual event (held in January).[30]
  • Roscommon Zoo - home of domestic and exotic animals

Education[edit]

Some popular schools in Roscommon County is the Charlton Heston Academy, Roscommon Area School District, Houghton Lake Community Schools, and Kirtland Community College.[31]

Communities[edit]

U.S. Census data map showing local municipal boundaries within Roscommon County

Village[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Bibliography on Roscommon County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Retrieved August 29, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ "Roscommon County". East Michigan Council of Governments. EMCOG. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  5. ^ a b Newberry Library. "Michigan: Individual County Chronologies". Atlas of County Historical Boundaries. Retrieved November 4, 2016.
  6. ^ Michigan History, Arts and Libraries on sources of County names.
  7. ^ "Michigan Historical Markers". michmarkers.com.
  8. ^ "Terney House".
  9. ^ "2010 Census GazetteerFiles". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved September 28, 2014.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 25, 2013. Retrieved December 12, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Michigan regional geology
  11. ^ "Roscommon Red Pines". Michigan Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved December 26, 2012.
  12. ^ Roscommon County MI Google Maps (accessed 6 September 2018)
  13. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 17, 2019.
  14. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 28, 2014.
  15. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 28, 2014.
  16. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 28, 2014.
  17. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 28, 2014.
  18. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  19. ^ "Ancestry of the Population by State: 1980 - Table 3" (PDF). Retrieved February 10, 2012.
  20. ^ Sharing the Dream: White Males in a Multicultural America By Dominic J. Pulera.
  21. ^ Reynolds Farley, 'The New Census Question about Ancestry: What Did It Tell Us?', Demography, Vol. 28, No. 3 (August 1991), pp. 414, 421.
  22. ^ Stanley Lieberson and Lawrence Santi, 'The Use of Nativity Data to Estimate Ethnic Characteristics and Patterns', Social Science Research, Vol. 14, No. 1 (1985), pp. 44-6.
  23. ^ Stanley Lieberson and Mary C. Waters, 'Ethnic Groups in Flux: The Changing Ethnic Responses of American Whites', Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 487, No. 79 (September 1986), pp. 82-86.
  24. ^ "The Diocese of Gaylord, Michigan : A Diocese of the Roman Catholic Church - Diocese of Gaylord".
  25. ^ Meetinghouse Locator LDS.org (accessed 6 September 2018)
  26. ^ US Election Atlas
  27. ^ Firemen's Memorial Festival
  28. ^ "Kirtland". kirtland.edu. May 13, 2014. Archived from the original on January 2, 2008.
  29. ^ Michigan Shore to Shore Riding and Hiking Trail.
  30. ^ Tip-up-town. Archived December 7, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  31. ^ Schools Roscommon County website

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°20′N 84°37′W / 44.33°N 84.61°W / 44.33; -84.61