Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy Greenway

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Rose Kennedy Greenway
After Aerial Photo of Greenway.jpg
The Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy Greenway as seen from above
Type Urban park
Location Boston, Massachusetts
Area 15 acres (61,000 m2)/1.5 miles (2.4 km)
Created 2008
Operated by Rose Kennedy Greenway Conservancy
Status Open all year (daily 7 a.m. to 11 p.m.)
Public transit access South Station
Aquarium Station
Haymarket Station
North Station
Website http://www.rfkgc.org/

The Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy Greenway is a linear urban park located in several downtown neighborhoods of Boston, Massachusetts. It consists of landscaped gardens, promenades, plazas, fountains, art, and specialty lighting systems that stretch over one mile through Chinatown, the North End, the Financial District, and Harbor communities. Officially opened in October 2008, the 15-acre Greenway sits on land created from demolition of the John F. Fitzgerald Expressway under the Big Dig.[1]

The Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy Greenway is named after Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, the matriarch of the Kennedy Family who was born in the neighboring North End neighborhood. Her son, Senator Edward M. Kennedy, played an important role in establishing the Greenway.

The Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy Greenway Conservancy was established as an independently incorporated non-profit organization in 2004 to guide the emerging park system and raise funds for an endowment and operations. In 2008, the State Legislature confirmed the Conservancy as the designated steward of the Rose Kennedy Greenway;[2] the Conservancy operates with a lease from the Massachusetts Turnpike Authority (now Massachusetts Department of Transportation).[3] Since February 2009, the Conservancy has operated the park, leading the maturation of this new civic space, strengthening its physical beauty, and encouraging a sense of a shared community in Boston.

The 2008 legislation established a 50%-50% public/private funding model. Today, each dollar from the state is leveraged by more than one dollar of private support.[citation needed]

History[edit]

In the 1940s, planning began for a "Highway in the Skies" that would alleviate traffic congestion and provide a direct route for moving goods in and out of Boston. Construction of the elevated Central Artery began in 1951 and was completed in 1959, displacing more than 10,000 residents and demolishing some 1,000 buildings. The limitations of the Central Artery soon became painfully clear, however. In 1991, after almost a decade of planning, construction began on the Central Artery/Tunnel Project, more widely known as the "Big Dig", which was recognized as one of the largest, most complex, and technologically challenging highway projects in the history of the United States.[4]

With the elevated highway to be relocated underground, Boston would be rich in prime urban land. Community and political leaders seized the opportunity to enhance Boston's city life by providing additional parks and gardens to connect some of its oldest, most diverse, and vibrant neighborhoods. The creation of the Greenway – a joint effort of the Massachusetts Turnpike Authority (MTA), the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, the City of Boston, and various civic groups.

On October 4, 2008, tens of thousands of visitors came together for the parks’ Inaugural Celebration with the Rose Kennedy Greenway Conservancy.[5][6] The following year, on February 23, 2009 the Rose Kennedy Greenway Conservancy assumed operational responsibility for the parks. Today, the Greenway encompasses gardens, plazas, and tree-lined promenades. The Greenway is a key feature of the modern reinvention of Boston, Boston Harbor, the South Boston Waterfront, and the Harbor Islands.

Parks[edit]

Chinatown Park[edit]

Located at the southern end of the Greenway, this one-acre linear park contains design elements drawn from Asian traditions and art work. Designed by Carol R. Johnson and Associates,[7] Chinatown Park has a serpentine walkway edged by bamboo within bright red sculptural elements and a fountain that suggests a waterfall and shallow riverbed.

In 2011, the Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy Greenway Conservancy partnered with local community groups, residents, and abutters to add the plaza tables, chairs and shade umbrellas,[8] while the City of Boston renovated neighboring Mary Soo Hoo Park to the south.

Dewey Square Park[edit]

Located between Congress and Summer Streets along Atlantic Avenue, Dewey Square Park joins the major transportation hub of South Station to the Financial District. The park has gardens, lawn areas, and the adjacent plaza, which was designed to draw in commuters and nearby workers and residents. The tables, chairs, and food vendors have made Dewey Square Park a popular lunch destination, especially in the warm seasons when the plaza features the twice-weekly Boston Public Market Association’s farmers market[9]

In 2011, Dewey Square was the site of the Occupy Boston movement.[10][11][12][13] In 2012, the Brazilian twin brothers Otavio and Gustavo Pandolfo (Os Gemeos) painted a 70' x 70' mural on the Air Intake Structure overlooking the Dewey Square Park lawn area, in conjunction with their first solo exhibition in the United States at Boston’s Institute of Contemporary Art.[14][15] In fall 2013, a new mural, Remanence: Salt and Light (Part II) by Matthew Ritchie replaced the Os Gemeos mural.[16]

Fort Point Channel Parks[edit]

The Fort Point Channel Parks are located between Oliver and Congress Streets along Atlantic Avenue, they are often referred to as the "New American Gardens" for their wide variety of trees and flowers that are often found in gardens of typical New England homes.[17][18]

The Fort Point Channel Parks were planted in 2008 by the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, with help from many volunteers including the Massachusetts Master Gardener Association.[19] Additional planting and ongoing care are the responsibility of the Greenway Conservancy.

Wharf District Parks[edit]

Buildings around parks in the district

The Wharf District Parks connect Faneuil Hall and the Financial District with Boston Harbor. Designed by EDAW and Copley Wolff Design Group,[20] the parks contain areas of paved surfaces for active public use and a gathering space for public events known as the Great Room.[21] Three open lawn areas, surrounded with plantings, provide informal space for gatherings. During the warmer months, the Wharf District Parks host the Greenway Open Market,[22] food vendors, concerts and fitness classes. The Wharf District Parks are home to the Mothers’ Walk, a curving pathway that consists of pavers engraved with names and personal messages.[23]

The Greenway Carousel at the Tiffany & Co. Foundation Grove, inspired by the imaginations of Boston’s school children, opened on August 31, 2013. Instead of horses, the hand-carved creatures of this carousel are the wildlife found in and around Boston and its harbor.[24][25] NY Carousels, a subsidiary of Ride Entertainment Group handles the day-to-day operation of the ride.[26][27]

Harbor Islands Pavilion
One of the new additions to the Wharf District Parks, the Harbor Islands Pavilion is an open-air structure staffed by National Park Service rangers to welcome visitors and provide information about the Boston Harbor Islands. Ferry tickets and Boston Harbor Islands park merchandise are available for purchase at the pavilion. The Pavilion was designed by Utile[28] and opened on June 2, 2011[29]
Armenian Heritage Park
Another addition to the Wharf District Parks, the Armenian Heritage Park is dedicated to the victims of the Armenian Genocide and acknowledges the history of Boston as a port of entry for immigrants worldwide, and celebrates those who have migrated to Massachusetts shores and contributed to American life and culture. The Park consists of two key features surrounded by seating, brick paving and landscaping. The Abstract Sculpture, a split dodecahedron, is mounted on a Reflecting Pool, represents the immigrant experience. The Labyrinth, a circular winding path paved in granite and set in lawn, celebrates life's journey. The Park and its endowed programs are a key initiative of the Armenian Heritage Foundation.[30] The park opened in May 2012[31]

North End Parks[edit]

Parks in the North End

The North End Parks reflect the scale of the adjacent North End neighborhood. Designed by Crosby, Schlessinger, Smallridge LLC[32] and Gustafson Guthrie Nichol Ltd.,[33] lawns surrounded by densely planted perimeter beds are designed to evoke a formal feel of past European style gardens with boxwood hedges enclosing an array of perennials. Along the eastern edge, a pergola covers a long "front porch" that provides both a place for sitting and an overlook for the lawn and the historic architecture beyond. A shallow water "canal" runs the length with vertical water jets adding a fountain like scene. This fountain reflects a period approximately a century ago when a canal connected the harbor to now defunct industrial operations.

Public programs[edit]

Public programs and events on the Greenway are designed to attract residents, workers and visitors to interact and enjoy the parks. The Conservancy partners with cultural institutions and non-profit organizations to create events geared toward multi-generational and multi-cultural audiences. Events have included the FIGMENT participatory art festival,[34][35] Boston Local Food Fest, Boston-NY Food Truck Throwdown,[36] Summer on the Waterfront,[37] and Berklee College of Music Concert Series. The Greenway has been noted for drawing over 800,000 visitors[38] in 2013 with its 300 free annual events, Mobile Eats Program,[39][40] free Wi-Fi, concerts, markets, and more.

Sustainable Horticulture - The Conservancy uses organic and sustainable landscape management programs to maintain the parks and features of the Greenway. The Greenway is Boston’s only organically maintained Public Park and one of a handful of organically maintained urban parks in the United States. Organic maintenance means no expenditures for toxic chemicals, and lower expenditures for watering. Plants are healthier, more resilient, and better able to withstand the wear of public use. The Conservancy’s practice of using composting and compost tea instead of herbicides and toxins also ensures that run-off from the parks will not pollute Boston Harbor or harm the delicate marine life. Children and pets can freely and safely play on the park lawns without the worry of pesticides.[41]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Big Dig - Highway Division". Massdot.state.ma.us. 2006-01-13. Retrieved 2015-05-05. 
  2. ^ "Session Laws: Chapter 306 of the Acts of 2008". Malegislature.gov. Retrieved 2015-05-05. 
  3. ^ "Lease Between the Massachusetts Turnpike Authority and the Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy Greenway Conservancy, Inc." (PDF). Rosekennedygreenway.org. Retrieved 2015-05-05. 
  4. ^ "/ Beyond The Big Dig". Boston.com. Retrieved 2015-05-05. 
  5. ^ "A beautiful day on the Greenway". Archived from the original on 2008-10-07. 
  6. ^ "Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy Greenway Inaugural Celebration". YouTube. 2009-01-26. Retrieved 2015-05-05. 
  7. ^ "Chinatown". Crja.com. Retrieved 2015-05-05. 
  8. ^ "New seating, shade for Chinatown Park". Boston.com. Retrieved 2015-05-05. 
  9. ^ "Dewey Square Market vendors share park with Occupy Boston". Boston.com. Retrieved 2015-05-05. 
  10. ^ "Occupy Boston: A view of life inside the tent city - The Boston Globe". Boston.com. 2011-10-13. Retrieved 2015-05-05. 
  11. ^ "At Boston's Dewey Square, a protest of varied voices". Boston.com. Retrieved 2015-05-05. 
  12. ^ "Occupy Boston's signs get the message across". Boston.com. Retrieved 2015-05-05. 
  13. ^ "With winter closing in, Occupy Boston protesters debate next moves". Boston.com. Retrieved 2015-05-05. 
  14. ^ "Greenway visitors speak out on mural controversy". Boston.com. Retrieved 2015-05-05. 
  15. ^ Schmidt, Christopher (2012-08-13). "Writing on the Wall". TIME. Retrieved 2015-05-05. 
  16. ^ "Matthew Ritchie Mural". Rosekennedygreenway.org. Retrieved 2015-05-05. 
  17. ^ "Fort Point Channel Parks and Dewey Square Park". Archived from the original on 2012-10-23. 
  18. ^ "Urban Arboretum, Rose Kennedy Greenway". Archived from the original on 2012-10-23. 
  19. ^ "Massachusetts Horticultural Society". Archived from the original on 2008-06-01. 
  20. ^ "Wharf District Parks". Archived from the original on 2009-10-26. 
  21. ^ "Behance". Behance. Retrieved 2015-05-05. 
  22. ^ "greenwayopenmarket.com". greenwayopenmarket.com. Retrieved 2015-05-05. 
  23. ^ "Mothers’ Walk - Rose Kennedy Greenway Conservancy". Rosekennedygreenway.org. Retrieved 2015-05-05. 
  24. ^ "Greenway Custom Carousel". Archived from the original on 2012-01-26. 
  25. ^ "Sculptor challenged by Boston-themed creatures for Greenway’s new carousel - The Boston Globe". Boston.com. 2012-06-30. Retrieved 2015-05-05. 
  26. ^ "Projects". Ride Entertainment Group. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  27. ^ "Specialties". Ride Operations Group. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  28. ^ Boston Harbor Islands Pavilion | Utile, Inc. Architecture + Planning
  29. ^ "Boston Harbor Islands Pavilion celebrates grand opening on greenway". Boston.com. Retrieved 2015-05-05. 
  30. ^ Armenian Heritage Park
  31. ^ "Armenian Heritage Park dedicated on Rose Kennedy Greenway to honor immigrants - The Boston Globe". Boston.com. 2012-05-23. Retrieved 2015-05-05. 
  32. ^ [1][dead link]
  33. ^ "Gustafson Guthrie Nichol". Ggnltd.com. Retrieved 2015-05-05. 
  34. ^ "FIGMENT art party on the Greenway - Your Town". Boston.com. Retrieved 2015-05-05. 
  35. ^ "Organizers prepare for Figment festival on Greenway". Boston.com. Retrieved 2015-05-05. 
  36. ^ "Crowds get taste of victory in food truck showdown". Archived from the original on 2012-10-18. 
  37. ^ "Can’t miss Boston waterfront attractions - Magazine". The Boston Globe. 2012-05-11. Retrieved 2015-05-05. 
  38. ^ "Visitation numbers for the Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy Greenway rose sharply in 2013, conservancy says - Business news". Boston.com. 2014-03-17. Retrieved 2015-05-05. 
  39. ^ "Greenway adds new food trucks, carts to 2012 season". Boston.com. Retrieved 2015-05-05. 
  40. ^ Mennies, Leah (2012-03-20). "The Rose Kennedy Greenway Expands "Greenway Mobile Eats" Program | Boston Magazine". Blogs.bostonmagazine.com. Retrieved 2015-05-05. 
  41. ^ "Your Parks, The Greenway - organic lawn & plant care". Archived from the original on 2012-05-21. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°21′25.85″N 71°3′4.52″W / 42.3571806°N 71.0512556°W / 42.3571806; -71.0512556