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Rose Hill, Lee County, Virginia

Coordinates: 36°40′19″N 83°22′12″W / 36.67194°N 83.37000°W / 36.67194; -83.37000
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Rose Hill, Lee County,
Dr. Thomas Walker Road in Rose Hill
Dr. Thomas Walker Road in Rose Hill
Rose Hill is located in Virginia
Rose Hill
Rose Hill
Location in Virginia
Rose Hill is located in the United States
Rose Hill
Rose Hill
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 36°40′19″N 83°22′12″W / 36.67194°N 83.37000°W / 36.67194; -83.37000
CountryUnited States
 • Total3.43 sq mi (8.88 km2)
 • Land3.43 sq mi (8.88 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
 • Total799
 • Density233/sq mi (90.0/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code276
FIPS code51-68885
GNIS feature ID1499986

Rose Hill is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Lee County, Virginia, United States. The population was 799 at the 2010 census,[2] up from 714 at the 2000 census.


Rose Hill is located in western Lee County at 36°40′19″N 83°22′12″W / 36.67194°N 83.37000°W / 36.67194; -83.37000 (36.672039, −83.370062).[3] U.S. Route 58 passes through the north side of the community, leading east 15 miles (24 km) to Jonesville, the county seat, and west 18 miles (29 km) to Cumberland Gap, Tennessee. The Kentucky border is just over a mile to the northwest, on the crest of Cumberland Mountain.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.4 square miles (8.9 km2), of which 1.8 acres (7,485 m2), or 0.08%, are water.[1] The community is drained by White Branch, flowing into Martin Creek, which runs south to the Powell River in Tennessee and is part of the Tennessee River watershed.


The Rose Hill post office was established in 1825.[4] The community was likely named for rose bushes growing in the area.[5]

Martin's Station[edit]

Rose Hill was the site of Martin's Station, the westernmost frontier fort built by Indian trader and later Brigadier General Joseph Martin, namesake of Martinsville, Virginia, and one of the first explorers of the Powell Valley.[6] After Indian raids on his Powell Valley settlement, Martin abandoned his early fort. Six years later, in early 1775, Martin returned to the region and built the fort at Martin's Station in early 1775 on the north side of Martin's Creek. The wooden fort contained some six cabins built about 30 feet (9.1 m) apart, with stockades between the buildings. The fort was abandoned the following year after conflicts between settlers and Native Americans. Martin later sold his landholdings in Lee County, which totaled some 25,000 acres (100 km2).[7]

Today there is a replica of the fort at nearby Wilderness Road State Park.


As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 714 people, 306 households, and 197 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 207.7 people per square mile (80.1/km2). There were 344 housing units at an average density of 100.1/sq mi (38.6/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 97.76% White, 0.98% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.56% Asian, and 0.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.14% of the population.

There were 306 households, out of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.0% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 25.9% under the age of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 24.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 74.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.2 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $15,408, and the median income for a family was $15,833. Males had a median income of $23,500 versus $16,583 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $9,652. About 36.4% of families and 40.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 55.6% of those under age 18 and 35.9% of those age 65 or over.

Notable residents[edit]


  1. ^ a b "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files –Virginia". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Total Population: 2010 Census DEC Summary File 1 (P1), Rose Hill CDP (Lee County), Virginia". data.census.gov. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  4. ^ "Lee County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
  5. ^ Tennis, Joe (2004). Southwest Virginia Crossroads: An Almanac of Place Names and Places to See. The Overmountain Press. p. 17. ISBN 978-1-57072-256-1.
  6. ^ "A Short History of Martin's Station, historicmartinsstation.com".
  7. ^ General Joseph Martin, Martinsville-Henry County Historical Society Archived January 31, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  9. ^ "About Us". www.nsa.gov.

External links[edit]