Rose Hobart

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the surrealist film, see Rose Hobart (film).
Rose Hobart
Rose Hobart.jpg
Born Rose Kefer
(1906-05-01)May 1, 1906
New York City, New York, U.S.
Died August 29, 2000(2000-08-29) (aged 94)
Woodland Hills, California, U.S.
Cause of death Natural Causes
Occupation Actress
Years active 1930-1971
Spouse(s) William M. Grosvenor (1932–?)
Benjamin Webster (? –?) (divorced)
Barton H. Bosworth (?–?)

Rose Hobart (May 1, 1906 – August 29, 2000) was an American actress and Screen Actors Guild official.

Career[edit]

Born in New York City, Rose Hobart's father (Paul Kefer) was a cellist in the New York Symphony and her mother was an opera singer. When she was 15, she was cast in Ferenc Molnár's Liliom,'" which opened in Atlantic City, New Jersey. Hobart's Broadway stage debut was on September 17, 1923 at the Knickerbocker Theater, playing a young girl in "Lullaby." In 1925, she played Charmian in Caesar and Cleopatra. Hobart was an original member of Eva Le Gallienne's Civic Repertory Theatre.[1] In 1928, she made her London debut, playing Nona Rolf in "The Comic Artist." During her career in theater, she toured with Noël Coward in "The Vortex" and was cast opposite Helen Hayes in "What Every Woman Knows."

Her performance as Grazia in Death Takes a Holiday won her a Hollywood contract.[2] Hobart appeared in more than 40 motion pictures over a twenty year period. Her first film role was the part of Julie in the first talking picture version of Liliom,'" made by Fox Film Corporation in 1930, starring Charles Farrell in the title role, and directed by Frank Borzage. Under contract to Universal, Hobart starred in A Lady Surrenders (1930), East of Borneo (1931), and Scandal for Sale (1932). On loan to other studios, she appeared in Chances' (1931) and 'Compromised (1931). In 1931, she co-starred with Fredric March and Miriam Hopkins in Rouben Mamouli 1931's original film version of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. She played the role of Muriel, Jekyll's fiancée.

In 1936, Surrealist artist Joseph Cornell, who bought a print of East of Borneo to screen at home, became smitten with the actress, and cut out nearly all the parts that did not include her. He also showed the film at silent film speed and projected it through a blue tinted lens. He named the resulting work Rose Hobart. Hobart often played the "other woman" in movies during the 1940s, with her last major film role in Bride of Vengeance (1949).

Politics[edit]

Hobart believed that she first came to the attention of anti-Communist activists because of her commitment to improving working conditions for actors in Hollywood.[3] In 1986, she recalled that "On my first three pictures, they worked me 18 hours a day and then complained because I was losing so much weight that they had to put stuff in my evening dress . . . . When I did 'East of Borneo' (1931), that schlocky horror I did, we shot all night long. They started at 6 o'clock at night and finished at 5 in the morning. For two solid weeks, I was working with alligators, jaguars and pythons out on the back lot. I thought, 'This is acting?' It was ridiculous. We were militant about the working conditions. We wanted an eight-hour day like everybody else."[2]

Hobart also served on the board of the Screen Actors Guild and was an active participant in the Actors' Laboratory Theatre, a group anti-Communists like Senator Joseph McCarthy believed to be subversive.[2] In 1948, Hobart was subpoenaed to appear before the Tenney Committee on Un-American Activities. Although Hobart was not a member of the Communist Party, she refused to cooperate, instead reading a prepared statement that concluded, "In a democracy no one should be forced or intimidated into a declaration of his [sic] principles. If one does yield to such pressure, he gives away his birthright. I am just mulish enough not to budge when anyone uses force on me."[1] In 1950, Hobart was also listed in the anti-Communist blacklisting publication, Red Channels. Hobart never worked in film again, although as the blacklist eased In the 1960s, she took on television roles, including a part on Peyton Place.[3]

Personal life[edit]

Hobart was married three times. She had one child, son Judson Bosworth, from her third marriage to architect Barton H. Bosworth.[2]

Later years[edit]

In 1994, Hobart published her autobiography, A Steady Digression to a Fixed Point.

On August 29, 2000, Rose Hobart died at the actors' home in Woodland Hills, California, aged 94, from natural causes.

Filmography[edit]

Television[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hobart, Rose (1994). A Steady Digression to a Fixed Point. Metuchen, NJ: The Scarecrow Press, Inc. p. v. 
  2. ^ a b c d Oliver, Myrna. "Rose Hobart; SAG Official; Blacklisted Actor". LA Times. LA TImes. Retrieved 30 March 2015. 
  3. ^ a b Bergan, Ronald. "Rose Hobart: Hollywood beauty blacklisted after complaining about studio working conditions". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 March 2015. 

External links[edit]